Expectorants for dry cough

Effective expectorants and folk remedies for dry cough

Coughing periodically torments almost all people. Therefore, it is very important to learn in time and correctly treat it.Expectorants for dry cough are used primarily for liquefaction and withdrawal of sputum.After using such medications, the cough becomes wet, and this is already halfway to recovery.

The onset of cough

There are a lot of such drugs - medical drugs, traditional medicine, ready-made formulations for inhalations. Many effective means are offered to us by nature itself - propolis, honey, onions, milk, herbs and other plants. Of course, from an arid cough to an adult, you need to use one means, and for children - quite different.

Causes of dry cough

Dry cough usually occurs in the first stages of colds, acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory infections, influenza, bronchitis caused by hypothermia, bacteria, viruses, allergies. It is worth noting that all these diseases, as a rule, occur against the background of weakened immunity. Rarely is hereditary predisposition, that is, a tendency to catarrhal diseases at the gene level.

Mechanism of coughingCough - a way to protect the body from bacteria by producing sputum. So do not try to get rid of it. But to make the damp dry, so that sputum is removed - this is the task of both doctors and patients suffering from cough.

In addition to infections that penetrate the bronchi, dry cough can also be caused by the following reasons:

  • cough can be caused by an allergy, with the contraction of the muscles surrounding the bronchi, under the action of serotonin, histamine or bradykinin, that is, substances produced by the body under the influence of an allergen;
  • ailment can cause stagnant phenomena in the lungs, this happens if the heart can not deliver to the lungs the amount of blood necessary for their work;
  • dry cough can cause and blockage of the bronchi, for example, with a tumor;
  • in some cases, medication can also provoke an ailment, for example, certain drugs to reduce pressure.
Cough smokerBut coughing is not always a sign of a disease. It often occurs suddenly when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract. Even a simple speck of dust, unsuccessfully flown into your mouth, can provoke a cough, because our body tries to get rid of it. Inhalation of smoke, too, usually causes a cough.

Cough in heavy smokers is also not uncommon. The ailment is often caused by obvious everyday causes. After all, cigarette smoke, like other stimuli, stimulates the release of excess sputum in the bronchi, from which the body gets rid of, coughing it out.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Dry cough is different, and its manifestations can be used to judge a particular disease. Cough can be rapid and prolonged, with and without seizures, coughing at night or just during the day, barking cough or calm. Factors accompanying the ailment are also taken into account: fever, weakness. For all these indicators, an experienced doctor will immediately diagnose and prescribe the right treatment. The main thing is not to miss the moment for the treatment to be timely. Only in this case it will bring good effect in a short time. Consider these symptoms in more detail.

Bronchial asthmaA long-lasting cough indicates a chronic illness. If the cough passes quickly, then it is most likely an acute illness.

If a dry cough occurs at night, and in order to soothe it, you have to sit for a long time so that the trunk is in the vertical position, it is a pulmonary cough that occurs due to increased pressure in the vessels of the lungs. To lower the pressure, a person instinctively gets up or sits down, leading the trunk to a vertical position. The cause in this case is the poor work of the heart - it does not pump blood into the lungs. Overcooling or even emotional stress also occur among the causes of dry cough.

Coughing attacks often occur with a diagnosis such as bronchial asthma. Such a cough is accompanied by a whistle or wheeze. Attacks occur at night. Bronchitis in chronic smokers also has similar symptoms.

If the patient's body temperature rises and he feels weak, then this indicates an infectious disease. The feeling of general weakness in this case often indicates blood diseases or even tuberculosis. With tuberculosis, these symptoms are accompanied by sweating and severe thinness. They are considered characteristic signs of the disease.

Causes of bronchial asthma

To identify the causes of dry cough, additional studies are being carried out - radiography, fluorography, bronchoscopy is prescribed for suspected bronchoconstriction.

When suspected of the allergic nature of the disease, blood tests are performed. A general blood test will be useful in all cases of dry cough.

Suspicion of a cardiac cough is confirmed or refuted by analyzing the results of ECG, ultrasound of the heart and small physical exertion. Almost always, a feces analysis is taken to reveal the presence of helminths. After all, they can be the cause of a dry cough.

Review of expectorants with dry cough

The choice of a medicine for dry cough depends primarily on its nature and the symptoms accompanying it, discussed above. In addition, one must take into account the individual preferences of the patient. The best way to choose a drug is to consult a doctor.

Reception of expectorant syrupsFor the treatment, both medical pharmaceutical preparations with dry cough and folk remedies are used. Dry cough is also called unproductive, and moist productive. The primary task of treating dry cough is to turn it into a productive wet cough for the production of sputum. For this purpose, expectorants and tablets are used for dry cough. In addition to performing its direct function - diluting viscous sputum - such drugs also expand the bronchi, improve breathing.

Expectorant drugs for dry cough are divided into two groups. The first include the so-called secretotomotor drugs that increase the amount of sputum produced. The essence of their action is to stimulate the expectorant reflex. These drugs include: licorice root, benzonate, hydrogen carbonate and sodium iodide, potassium iodide, thermopsis.

The second group includes the directly diluted sputum preparations, the so-called mucoregulators. These drugs are aimed at reducing the viscosity of sputum, which is achieved by breaking intermolecular bonds. Examples of such agents are ambroxol, bromhexine, trypsin.

Some medicines for dry cough

A large amount of mineral water for coughingAt home, you can cope with a dry ailment by drinking a large amount of warm liquid, prepared in various ways. For example, even simple warmed alkaline mineral water makes the symptoms of dry cough easy. Borjomi, narzan, essentuki are suitable here.

Inhalations are the most effective remedy for such a disease. This method allows the use of different formulations for inhalations and achieve sustainable results in a short time. In any case, inhalations even with the use of simple soda bring quick relief.

Of course, to date, many devices for inhalation have been invented, among which nebulajzar, perhaps, best of all has proved itself due to ease of use, safety and effectiveness of the impact.

However, if there was not at hand a special device - an inhaler, you can do inhalations over the pan, covering yourself with a towel or blanket. In this case for the inhalation will be suitable just cooked potatoes, broths of chamomile, sage, inflorescences of linden, plantain, St. John's wort and other medicinal herbs.

This inhalation should be carried out for at least 15 minutes while the steam is still hot. But you need to keep in mind that at elevated blood pressure it is better to refuse inhalations, do not do them at elevated body temperature.

Recipes of traditional medicine

Broth of oats in milk with coughThe wide experience of using folk remedies with dry cough distinguishes the simple recipes presented below from the whole variety. Onions can be used additionally as an antibacterial agent.

For this recipe you need to prepare a decoction of oats in milk. One glass of peeled oats should be added in two glasses of milk and cooked over low heat until the oats completely boil. This broth should be drunk at least six times a day.

Healing with a dry cough will be and the following composition: a teaspoon of honey, butter and soda melt in a glass of warm milk and drink in small sips to the bottom.

Particularly distinguish the recipe from black radish due to its beneficial effect on cough and the ability to excrete phlegm.

The action of radish is recommended to strengthen with the help of honey.

Black radish on honey. The top of a large radish needs to be cut, so that the lid turns out. Take out the core with a teaspoon. Bee honey is poured into the resulting cavity in a radish to about half. Then you need to close the radish cut at the first stage of the lid and lower the root into the water. After a six-hour exposure, the radish extracts the healing juice. The obtained effective agent has expectorant properties.

It is rare to find a recipe from a banana broth that helps with coughing. It is necessary to knead two bananas and dilute in a glass of water, adding one teaspoon of sugar. Heat to boil and remove from heat. The broth is ready.

Recipe based on baking soda. Suitable for adults and children. After dissolving a teaspoon of soda in a glass of warm milk, take a few small sips inside the reception.

Nature comes to the rescue

We reviewed recipes based on such well-known products as black radish and honey, milk, onions. Against dry cough often used and a variety of herbal preparations. The combination of herbs can be selected, based on the individual preferences of the patient and the characteristics of his body. In addition to herbal decoctions, propolis, vegetable oil, goose fat is often used.

A lot of herbs having an expectorant effect are given by nature. The root of licorice, chamomile, birch, plantain, mother-and-stepmother, oregano, marshmallow - all are herbs and plants that can cure us not only from cough, but from many other ailments. However, broths from such herbs should not be drunk with allergies or asthma.

All these medicinal decoctions are suitable for adults and children alike. It is advisable to take them after consulting a doctor. Medicinal broths, cooked from these herbs, are aimed at softening the sputum and are expectorants with a dry cough.

Many people are used to treatment with medications. But there are a lot of those who can benefit from this kind of treatment with the help of means that nature takes care of us.


Expectorants for cough: the best folk recipes

Expectorants for coughing

Cough is the most frequent occurrence in colds, which is diagnosed in both adults and children. Cough can be an indicator of the stage of the disease, it also leads to serious complications right up to bronchial asthma. Therefore, the treatment of even an unobtrusive cough without the presence of other symptoms of catarrhal or inflammatory processes is extremely necessary.

You can use medicines - they are represented on the market quite a lot. But it is much more effective and safer to use folk remedies - many of them are approved by official medicine and possess rather powerful properties.

Types of cough

expectorant for coughDoctors differentiate wet and dry cough, the difference in which is the presence or absence of phlegm / mucus:
  • dry cough- the patient complains of a paroxysmal cough, which irritatively affects the pharyngeal mucosa. Sputum / mucus in the bronchi and upper parts of the lungs are absent; But how quickly to cure a dry cough in a child, you can learn from this article.
  • moist cough- with deep breathing, the patient is heard "gurgling" sounds in the chest, cough accompanied by the release of sputum / mucus. In some cases, sputum is too viscous and its output is significantly hampered. From this article you can find out what to do when a wet cough in a child does not pass.

By the nature of the current doctors distinguish between acute and chronic cough. In the first case, the syndrome begins suddenly, lasts no more than 21 days. Chronic cough is diagnosed if improvement is not observed for 15-20 days of full-fledged treatment.

Please note: dry cough always turns to wet, as soon as sputum begins to form. This process takes place just a couple of days after the onset of the disease. Therefore, cough treatment usually begins with the use of expectorants - this will help quickly get rid of the mucus in the bronchi, which provokes the development of the inflammatory process.

Drinking and compresses

expectorants of traditional medicine

A cocktail of milk with figs should be drunk during the day to achieve a strong expectorant effect

Traditional medicine as one of the most effective means for cough treatment treats milk - it is this product in combination with some components is able not only to alleviate the patient's condition, but also to provide an expectorant effect.


  1. Milk with figs.
    In the "cocktail" is used a dark purple fig, which must be taken in quantity of 1 piece, cut along and placed in a bowl with milk (500 ml). Prepared mixture put on a small fire (on a large there is a risk of burning), cook for no more than 10 minutes. Then cool milk with figs to the maximum possible hot state (so that the patient can take small sips) and drink during the day. How to use milk with onions and honey from cough is indicated in this article.Cough expectorant recipes
  2. Milk with mineral water.An excellent expectorant - heated milk and mineral water, mixed in equal quantities.note: water for this recipe is taken only
  3. Milk with garlic.3 cloves of garlic grind and place in 500 ml of milk, heat, and then boil until the chopped denticles are completely soft. The broth is cooled, filtered and used on a tablespoon every hour.Important: before applying the milk-garlic "cocktail" you need to make sure that there is no allergic reaction to the plant and digestive disorders.
expectorants of grassVery often folk medicine uses plants - as an expectorant will help the root of licorice. It is either purchased as a ready-made syrup, which is sold in pharmacies, or they prepare a decoction of dry raw materials. The recipe for effective decoction:
  1. Take 100 grams of dry licorice root, chop and pour 500 ml of water.
  2. The resulting mixture is brought to a boil, cook for 5 minutes (over low heat!) And insist 60-90 minutes (you can do it in a thermos bottle).
  3. Take a broth recommended for 1 tablespoon 4 times a day (every 4 hours during the day and make a break for the night).
Can there be a cough with teething?Whether there can be a cough with teething is indicated in this article.

What is the best medicine for asthmatic coughing is listed in the article.

than to cure a runny nose in a child of 2 years, is specified here in the article: http://prolor.ru/n/detskoe-zdorove/nasmork-u-rebenka-2-goda-kak-lechit.html

Pay attention: the received medicine will have strong enough bitter taste, therefore for improvement of taste it is possible to add in it sugar / honey / a lemon.

Another recipe proven by years and approved by the official medicine: black radish juice mixed with honey. Prepare this medicine very easily - in any way, get the juice of a black radish (it can be grated and squeeze a lot or make a vegetable in the pit, put a teaspoon of honey and after 6-8 hours the medicine will be ready. Recommended dosage: 1 tablespoon three to four times a day.

effective expectorant

A decoction of thyme is considered an effective cough and safe even for children

Thymus is common - this plant is most often used as a means of possessing anti-inflammatory properties, and very few people know that it also possesses an expectorant property!At the same time, thyme is considered an absolutely safe plant and can be used even for a therapeutic course for children of childhood.Brew it in the amount of 100 grams in 500 ml of water, like tea, insist and take small sips during the day (you need to drink all the volume obtained).

In addition, it is possible to use broths from multicomponent herbal remedies to ease the output of sputum - for example, mother-and-stepmother + oregano / anise + rosemary swamp and others.

Medicinal plants are convenient to use as ready-made syrups, for example, from moist cough, Herbion with primrose is very helpful.


expectorants, vegetableAny compress consists of three layers:
  • wet- a cloth soaked in a decoction / solution (cloth, gauze, handkerchief, towel);
  • insulating- prevents leakage / leakage of liquid from the wet layer (polyethylene is used);
  • insulating- Any warm covering (scarf, scarf, terry towel).

Important: compresses are categorically contraindicated in the acute period of the disease, at high temperature. Also this method of treatment is not suitable for children younger than 2 years. Do not apply compresses on the heart area and in areas where there are skin lesions or develop a dermatological disease.

To obtain the desired therapeutic effect, the following compresses can be used:

expectorants at home

Honey compress significantly relieve the condition of the patient

  1. Boiled potatoes.The easiest way to warm up the thorax, provide sputum liquefaction - boil potatoes "in a uniform", put it in a bag and stretch your hands. On the chest put a thin layer of any material (otherwise the patient is provided with a burn), put a bag of mashed potatoes and a warming layer on it.
  2. Honey.Apply honey to the upper chest, rubbing and rubbing it into the skin. From above lay parchment paper (polyethylene in that case will be inappropriate) and insulate. Such a compress should be on the patient for at least 2 hours, then excess honey is removed with a wet napkin.
  3. Alcoholic.Used vodka or diluted alcohol (proportion of 1 part of alcohol / 2 parts of water), the cloth is wetted in the resulting solution, it is applied to the breast and is insulated.

Both drink and compresses are very effective in the treatment of prolonged wet cough, but it is very important during this period to alleviate the condition of the patient - to relieve it of coughing attacks. And inhalations will help in this.

Recipes for inhalations

expectorants of traditional medicineSuch a procedure can be carried out with the help of professional equipment - nebulizers are now absolutely available. But you can also use the old "grandfather" method - a teapot or dishes with a towel / blanket. Of the most famous recipes of folk medicine for inhalation can be identified:
  1. Herbal collection of mother-and-stepmother, common oregano and thyme- Mix 1 tablespoon of ingredients and pour 200 ml of boiling water.
  2. Soda water- it is enough to dissolve a small amount of baking soda in boiling water - the proportion should not exceed a tablespoon per glass of water (you can also use a soda solution for rinsing your throat).
  3. Saline solution- dissolve in a glass of hot water 30 grams of salt (ordinary stone).

Of course, you can take advantage of the steam from boiled potatoes - this method was cured even 100 years ago! But remember some rules of inhalation:

  • the duration of the procedure should not exceed 10 minutes;
  • breathing must be deep: inhalation through the mouth, exhalation through the nose;
  • if the patient has hyperthermia (fever) - inhalations are contraindicated;

You need to breathe smoothly and calmly, otherwise you can provoke the appearance of bronchospasm.

Expectorants in pregnancy

expectorants folk recipesPregnancy - a condition in which the use of many drugs is prohibited - they can have a negative impact on the development of the future baby. But what to do with a cough - after all, even pregnant women are not insured against the disease?
  1. At first,you can take a decoction and / or licorice root syrup.But do not forget to consult a gynecologist - there may be development of undesirable consequences, including allergic reaction. Remember - during pregnancy, even the usual products can trigger the appearance of a severe allergic reaction.
  2. Secondly, inhalation will be absolutely safe for the future child, but very effective in the treatment of wet cough.
  3. Thirdly, no one forbids gargling - especially this method works when coughing, which irritates the pharynx / throat.

When pregnancy should be used with caution even grandmother's recipes for cough.


In this video about folk recipes from a cough the doctor will tell:

Folk remedies with expectorant action are really very effective and can be used in the treatment of adults and children. But before applying any of the above-mentioned method of therapy, you should get recommendations / permission from your doctor. And accurate diagnosis does not hurt - a simple cough can be a symptom of a serious enough pathology.


All expectorants for cough with bronchitis

When ORVI, bronchitis with a damp cough with poorly separated sputum, the use of medicines recommended either liquefy phlegm - mucolytic drugs, or facilitate its separation - expectorants for cough. These include both herbal remedies and synthetic preparations.

Many of us prefer to restrict the intake of medications not obtained from natural substances, however, it should always be remembered that any drug plant, whatever positive properties it does not possess, as well as synthetic agents have side effects, and has a number of contraindications.

Since the composition of all medicinal plants is very complex and saturated, in addition to useful and medicinal herbs, a lot of other, sometimes toxic, harmful substances are included in the herbs and preparations. Moreover, in our days, the majority of the population suffers from various types of allergies, and any drug, even the most expensive, effective and safe, can cause an inadequate body reaction.

Classification of funds that facilitate cough and promote rapid recovery

All means for cough relief are subdivided into antitussives, expectorants and mucolytic agents.

  • Antitussives, as well as combination preparations - are indicated for dry, unproductive cough, disturbing sleep and appetite (see. article antitussives with dry cough).
  • Expectorants - are indicated with a productive cough, when the sputum is not thick, not viscous.
  • Mucolytic agents - are shown with a productive cough, but with a thick, hard to separate, viscous sputum.

Any cough medicine must be prescribed only by your doctor. Antitussive remedies can not be used to treat concomitantly with mucolytic drugs, but there are combination drugs that have a weak antitussive and expectorant effect.

Expectorants - means that stimulate expectoration are also divided into:

  • Reflex action - these drugs have an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa, and this in turn It excites the vomiting center, but does not cause vomiting, but increases the production of mucus in the respiratory tract. The peristalsis of the smooth musculature of the bronchi and the activity of the epithelium, which removes phlegm from small to large bronchioles and into the trachea, is also intensified. The result of this irritation is the facilitation of expectoration of mucus and the removal of sputum from the bronchi. In general, these are herbal preparations - thermopsis, Ledum, mother and stepmother, althea, plantain, thyme, etc.
  • Direct resorptive action - after digestion of these cough suppressants in the digestive tract, they cause irritation of the bronchial mucosa, thereby increasing the secretion of liquid sputum.

Mucolytic agents are preparations that dilute sputum:

  • Mukoliticheskie means, affecting the elasticity and viscosity of bronchial mucus (ATSTS, etc.)
  • Mucolytic agents that accelerate the excretion of sputum (bromhexine, ambroxol)
  • Mucolytic drugs that reduce the formation of mucus (Libexin Muko, M-cholinoblockers, glucocorticoids).

Expectorants for cough reflex action

The use of infusions from the herb of thermopsis should be treated very carefully. At children at the slightest overdose there can be a vomiting. Moreover, the cytisine (alkaloid) entering into its composition in large doses can cause a short-term stimulation of respiration in children, which then gives way to respiratory depression.

Preparations of Althea

Indication: Chronic and acute diseases of the respiratory system - bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, obstructive bronchitis, emphysema. At which a difficultly separated sputum is formed, increased viscosity.

Pharmacological action: When using expectorants from the herb althea medicinal, the effect is achieved due to the stimulation of peristalsis of bronchioles, it has an anti-inflammatory effect, dilutes the bronchial secretion.
Contraindications: increased sensitivity to this drug, gastric and duodenal ulcer. For preparations in syrup, use with caution in diabetes mellitus and fructose intolerance. Children under 3 years, with pregnancy only according to the indications.
Side effects: allergic manifestations, rarely nausea, vomiting

Mukaltin, tablets (20 rubles).

Method of use: Children mukultin as an expectorant for cough take, dissolving 1 tablet in 1/3 of a glass of water, adults are recommended to 50-100 mg 3/4 p / day before meals, the course of therapy is 1-2 weeks.

The roots of the althea(60 rubles) raw materials crushedThe roots of the althea
Dosage: Take in the form of infusion, which is prepared as follows - a tablespoon per glass cold water, in a water bath boil for 15 minutes, cool, filter, squeeze, bring up to 200 ml. Admission is carried out 3-4 r / day after eating, before taking shake. Children 3-5 years, 1 dessert each. spoon, 6-14 years for 1-2 tablespoons, adults 1/2 cup for 1 reception. The course of treatment is 12-21 days.
Alteika syrup(90 rub) syrup Althea (30-130 rub)Alteika
Application: Inside after meals, children under 12 years old - 4 r / day for 1 hour. spoon, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, adults for 1 tbsp. l. syrup, diluted in half a glass of water. The course of treatment is up to 2 weeks, according to the indications the duration of therapy can be continued.

Preparations of thermopsis

Thermopsolpills for cough (30-50 rub)


The herb of thermopsis has a pronounced expectorant property, this herbal preparation contains many alkaloids (cytisine, thermopsin, methylcytisin, anagirine, pachycarpine, thermopsidin), which exert a stimulating effect on the respiratory center, and at high doses on the vomiting center. Sodium bicarbonate, which is a part of the tablets Termopsol also reduces the viscosity of phlegm, stimulating the secretion of bronchial glands.
Indications: Tablets from cough Termopsol are indicated when coughing with hard-to-recover sputum, with bronchitis and tracheobronchitis.
Contraindications: Stomach ulcer and 12-finger. gut, hypersensitivity
Usage: 1 table. 3 r / day course of 3-5 days.

Kodelak Broncho(120-170 rubles)without codeinethe composition includes (thermopsis extract, ambroxol, sodium hydrogen carbonate and glycyrrhizinate)Kodelak Broncho
Kodelak Broncho with thyme100 ml. elixir (150 rub)without codeine,in the composition (thyme extract, ambroxol, sodium glycyrrhizinate) These are combined expectorants, which have a pronounced and mucolytic, and expectorant action, in addition have a moderate anti-inflammatory activity. Included in Ambroxol reduces the viscosity of phlegm, and Sodium glycyrrhizinate has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties.Kodelak broncho with thyme
Indications: Kodelak Broncho is used for difficulty in sputum discharge during pneumonia, COPD, bronchitis acute and chronic, with bronchoectatic disease.
Contraindications: Pregnancy, children under 12 years, during lactation, with increased sensitivity to components of Kodelak Broncho. With caution in bronchial asthma, ulcerative gastrointestinal diseases, people with hepatic and renal insufficiency.
Dosage: When eating 1 table. 3 r / day, can not be used for more than 4-5 days.
Side effects: Headache, weakness, dry mouth, diarrhea, constipation, with high doses and prolonged reception - nausea, vomiting. Dryness of the mucosa of the respiratory tract, allergic reactions, dysuria, exanthema.

Thoracal Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4

Chest CoughThe composition of which includes medicinal herbs:
  • Breast gathering 1 - mother and stepmother, oregano
  • Breast gathering 2 - plantain, mother and stepmother, licorice (Phytopectol 40-50 r.)
  • Breast gathering 3 - marshmallow, pine buds, anise, sage
  • Breast gathering 4 - Ledum, licorice, chamomile, calendula, violet

More details about these collections of medicinal herbs from a cough can be read in our article - Breastfeeding , ,, of a cough - instructions for use.

Expectorant collectionExpectorant collection- Ledum, chamomile, elecampane rhizomes, mother and stepmother, calendula, peppermint, licorice, plantain.
Application: infusion take 4 r / day before meals in 1/4 cup or 50 ml, course 10-14 days. Infusion is prepared as follows - 1 tbsp. l. collection boil in a water bath for 15 minutes in 200 ml of water, then cool, bring to 200 ml.
Side effect: Diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, allergic manifestations.
(elixir, manufacturer of Ukraine) composition: Ledum, plantain, anise, violet, licorice, sage, thyme.

Leaf of plantain, mother and stepmother, ledum and other vegetable preparations

Leaf of plantain(30 rubles pack)


Plantain contains many useful biologically active substances, mucus, vitamins, essential oil, oleic acid, bitter and tannic substances, resins, saponins, sterols, emulsions, alkaloids, chlorophyll, mannitol, sorbitol, phytoncides, flavonoids, macro- and microelements. It has bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, expectorant, mild laxative effect. It also has a mucolytic effect, restoring the work of the ciliated epithelium.
Indications: diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys, atherosclerosis (treatment of cerebral atherosclerosis), cystitis, inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx and oral cavity, with atopic dermatitis, with whooping cough, bronchitis, pneumonia as a strong expectorant.
Contraindications: gastritis hyperacid, ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions to herbal preparations.
Application: infusion for half an hour before a meal of 2 tbsp. spoons. 3 r / day course 1-2 weeks.
Side effect: Heartburn (see. tablets from heartburn), allergic reactions

Herbion with plantain(180-230 rubles) For more details on the use of Herbion in dry cough and Herbionum with a damp cough, read in our article.

Grasshopper herb grass(35 rubles)Ledumis part of the expectorant collection, Breastfeeding No 4 and Bronchophyta. Herbal means of expectorant action, essential oil components have a local irritant effect on bronchial mucosa, Ledum has both antimicrobial and moderate anti-inflammatory effect, has an exciting effect on the myometrium and the central nervous system.
Dosage: Infusion of 3 r / day for 1/2 cup, for infusion it takes 2 tablespoons of herbs per 200 ml of boiling water.
Side effects: Increased bronchospasm, increased irritability, excitability, dizziness.
Mother and stepmother(40 rub)Mother and stepmother
Application: due to the biologically active substances included in the composition it has antimicrobial, expectorant, diaphoretic, choleretic, wound-healing and antispasmodic properties.
Dosage: every 3 hours for 15 ml infusion or 2-3 tablespoons 3 r / day for an hour before meals. Prepare the infusion as follows - 2 tbsp. Spoons are filled with a glass of water and for 15 minutes. boil in a water bath, then cool, filter, volume is adjusted to 200 ml.
Plantain syrup and mother and stepmothers(200 rubles)Expectorants for coughing
Contraindications: children under 6 years of age, pregnancy, lactation, peptic ulcer.
Use: the syrup is taken to children 6-10 years old to 15 years old for 2 hours. spoon, adult 1-2 tbsp. spoon 4 r / day course 14-21 day. The change in the duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician.
Side effects: allergic reactions (see. all tablets from allergies)

Stoppussin phyto syrup(130 rubles)Stoppusin phytocomposition: plantain, thyme, thyme. This is a phytopreparation with an anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect.
Contraindicated: during pregnancy and feeding, children under 1 year. Patients with epilepsy (causes), kidney and liver diseases, brain injuries should be taken with caution.
Application: after meals 1-5 years for 1 hour. spoon 3 r / day, 5-10 years for 1-2 hours. l. 10-15 years for 2-3 tsp, adults for 1 tbsp. l. 3-5 r / day. Usually the course of treatment is not more than 1 week, continue therapy is possible according to the indications.
Coldrex bronchus (syrup 110-250 rub)Coldrex bronchus
Syrup Caldrex bronchus has the smell of anise and licorice, the main substance used is guaifenesin, and also includes dextrose, macrogol, sodium cyclamate and benzoate, tincture of red pepper, starseed anise seed oil, racemic camphor, levomenthol.
Contraindicated: children under 3 years, with peptic ulcer, hypersensitivity.
Usage: Children from 3-12 years of age are shown an example in a single dose of 5 ml every 3 hours, an adult 10 ml every 3 hours.
Side effects: abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, urticaria, rash.

Thyme (thyme extract)

Thyme grass(40 rub) Thyme essential oil (90 rub)

Grass of thyme

It is also an expectorant for coughs of plant origin, has analgesic and antimicrobial effect.
Contraindications and side effects are similar to plantain leaf.
Usage: 1 tbsp. spoon or 15 sachets filled with a glass of water and boiled in a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered, brought to 200 ml. Take after eating 1 tbsp. l. 3 r / day course of 14-21 days.

  • Bronchicum - pastilliki from cough (150 rub) syrup (250 rub)Bronhicum C
  • Pertussin syrup (30 rub)
  • Tussamag drops and syrup (90-170 rub)

These are liquid extracts of thyme, which are mucolytic and expectorant agents for coughing with bronchitis, pneumonia, with diseases with paroxysmal coughing, and with hardly detachable sputum.

  • Bronchicum With syrup and lozenges

After meals, children 6-12 months - for 0.5 hours. spoons 2 r / day, 2-6 years - 1 hour. l. 2 r / day, 6-12 years - 1 tsp3 r / day, for adults 2 tsp. 3 r / day.

PertussinPastilles should be absorbed, children 6-12 years old - 1 paste. 3 r / day, for adults 1-2 pastes. 3 r / day.
  • Bronchicum TP (primrose with thyme)

Children 1-4 years - 0.5 pp. 3 r / day, 5-12 years - 1 tsp each. 4 r / day, adults for 1 tsp. 6 r / day. Bronchicum should be taken throughout the day at regular intervals.

  • Pertussin (thyme + potassium bromide)

After meals, children 3-6 years of age for 0.5 ts.lozhki,

Tussamag6-12 years old by 1-2 tsp, over 12 years old on a dessert spoon, adults on a tablespoon 3 r / day, course 10-14 days.
  • Tussamag drops and syrup (thyme extract)

Children 1-5 years old take 2-3 r / day for 10-25 drops, which can be taken in diluted and undiluted form. Children older than 5 years of 20-50 drops, adults 40-60 drops of 4 r / day. Syrup should be taken after meals for children 1-5 years 3p / day for 1 tsp., Over 5 years 1-2 tsp, for adults 2-3 tsp. 4 r / day.


Gelomirtol (170-250 rub)


It is an expectorant for coughing with chronic and acute bronchitis, of plant origin.
Dosage: Children under 10 years of 120mg 5p / day for acute inflammation, 3 r / day for chronic process. Adults for half an hour before meals with acute bronchitis 300 mg 4 r / day, with chronic 2 p / day for chronic. In chronic bronchitis at bedtime, 300 mg are additionally taken to improve sputum excretion.
Side effects: dyspepsia, allergic reactions, abdominal pain, increased mobility of stones in the gallbladder and kidneys.

Expectorants for cough of direct resorptive action

Such active ingredients as ammonium chloride, sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium iodide iodide, increase the secretion of liquid sputum, the same effect is possessed by essential oils of fruits of anise, medicinal herbs - rosemary, oregano, etc.



Amtersallammonium chloride, sodium benzoate, potassium bromide, licorice root extract and herbs of thermopsis.
Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, children under 3 years, peptic ulcer, hypersensitivity.
Application: After meals, children 3-6 years old - 1 / 2hl. 3 r / day, 6-12 years - 1 teaspoon, 12-18 years - 1 dessert each. spoon, adults for 1 tbsp. l 3 r / day, the course of treatment 10-14 days.

Mucolytic agents for coughing with bronchitis

Mucolytic agents help to dilute viscous sputum, improving the process of its removal, eliminating the nutrient medium for pathogenic microorganisms.


  • FluimucilATSTS (sachets, tab. soluble, syrup, bottles (120-400 rub)
  • Vix active agent ekspedomed (tab. soluble 220-280 rub)
  • Fluimucil (granules, ampoules, tablets 200-240 rub)

Mucolytic agent, reduces the severity of the inflammatory process, reduces the frequency of exacerbations in chronic bronchitis. It is indicated for laryngitis (treatment in a child), otitis media, obstructive, acute bronchitis, pneumonia.
Contraindicated in pregnancy, children under 2 years of age, with pulmonary hemorrhage, with caution in bronchial asthma (may worsen

ACCbronchospasm), renal and hepatic insufficiency, adrenal diseases.
Application: Duration of therapy for acute catarrhal diseases should not exceed 7 days, with chronic bronchitis a longer reception is possible. Preparations of acetylcysteine ​​is better taken after eating, it should be borne in mind that always additional fluid intakeViks Activeincreases the expectorant effect.
Children 2-5 years of 100 mg 2-3 r / day, from 6-14 years 3 r / day for 100 mg, an adult at 200 mg 3 r / day or 600 mg once a day.
Side effects: tinnitus, headache, stomatitis, vomiting, heartburn, tachycardia, lowering of blood pressure, bronchospasm, development of pulmonary hemorrhage, urticaria, skin rash.


  • Bromhexine (table 40-80 rub, drops 100 rubles, potion (140 rub)Bronhosan
  • Bronchosan (drops 160-190 rub) Ingredients: bromhexine hydrochloride, oil of oregano, fennel, mint, eucalyptus, anise, levomenthol
  • Solvyn (syrup, table. 120 rubles)

Mucolytic agent, has expectorant and weak antitussive effect. The effect occurs within 2-5 days after the initiation of therapy.
Contraindicated: children under 6 years of age for tablets, hypersensitivity, 1 trimester of pregnancy, during lactation.

Bromhexinechildren from 6 years 8 mg 3 r / day, from 2-6 years (in syrup, medicine) 2 mg 3 r / day, adults 8-16 mg 4 r / day. You can treat in the form of inhalations with bronchitis, laryngitis, they are 2 r / day, the solution is diluted with saline or distilled water 1/1, heated to body temperature, dosage for children 2-10 years -2 mg, over 10 years - 4, adults - 8 mg.
Side effects: vomiting, nausea, allergic reactions, headache, dizziness.

Combined preparations Dzhoset, Ascoril, Kashnol

They are used only for strict indications.
On the appointment of a doctor with obstructive syndrome.
  • Dzhosset syrup price 150-180 rub.
  • Cough syrup 130 rub.
  • Ascoril tablets. 300 rubles, syrup 250 rubles.

Ingredients: Bromhexine, Guaifenesin, Salbutamol.
Shown: with bronchial asthma, COPD, pneumonia, pulmonary emphysema, tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis, tracheobronchitis.
Contraindications: children under 3 years, glaucoma, pregnancy and the period of feeding, tachyarrhythmia, thyrotoxicosis, myocarditis, diabetes, ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, hepatic and renal failure, aortic stenosis. It should not be taken together with non-selective blockers of β-adrenoreceptors, with antitussive agents, MAO inhibitors.
Dosage: Children strictly according to prescription of the doctor 3-6 years for 5 ml 3 r / day, from 6 to 12 years 5-10 ml. 3 r / day, over 12 years and adults 10 ml. 3 r / day.
Side effects: increased nervous excitability, headache, convulsions, dizziness, drowsiness, tremor, sleep disturbance (see. how quickly to fall asleep), vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, exacerbation of stomach ulcers, depression of pressure, tachycardia, staining of urine pink, rash, urticaria, paradoxical bronchospasm.
Special instructions: Do not drink alkaline.



Flavamed- Lazolvan (Table. syrup, bottles 200-360), Ambrobe (tab. ampoules, capsules, syrup 120-200 rub), Ambrohexal (tab. syrup 70-100 rubles), Ambroxol (Table. syrup 20-40 rubles), Ambrosan (tab. 100 rubles), Flavamed (tab. the flask. 150-200 rubles), Haliksol (tab. 100 rubles).

This mucolytic, expectorant drug, Lazolvan - is today considered one of the most effective mucolytic drugs.
Indications: with COPD, pneumonia, acute and chronic bronchitis,

Lazolvanbronchial asthma, etc. diseases of the respiratory tract accompanied by viscous sputum.
Contraindicated: in 1 trim-re pregnancy, in 2 and 3 trim-re with caution, patients with chronic diseases of the liver and kidneys.
Application: Take the tablets after meals for 30 mg. 3 r / day for adults. The children are shown a reception in the form of syrup for up to 2 years for 0.5 tsp. 2 r / day, 2-6 years - 0.5 tsp. 3 r / day, 6-12 yearsAmbrosanfor 1 tsp. 3 r / day, adults for 2 tsp. 3 r / day, the course of therapy is usually no more than 5 days. The syrup should be taken with a large amount of liquid during meals.
Side effects: heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, allergic reactions, skin rash.


  • Libexin MucoLibexin Muko for adults, Libexin Muko for children (270 rubles)
  • Bronchobos syrup and capsules (200 -220 rub)
  • Fluviert syrup and tablets (230-280 rub)
  • Flüditik syrup (250 rub)

expectorant mucolytic agent, increases the viscosity of sputum, improves the elasticity of bronchial secretions.
Contraindications: pregnancy, up to 2 years (for children's forms) for children under 15 years (for adult forms - Libexin Muko, Bronhobos capsules, Flouifort tablets), gastric ulcer, chronic

Fluviertglomerufrit, cystitis.
Application: 15 ml or 1 measuring cup 3 r / day, separately from food intake. The course of treatment can not be conducted for more than 8 days
Side effects: gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, urticaria, skin itching, weakness, dizziness.


Expectorants for bronchitis

Inflammation of the bronchi requires serious, immediate treatment. Otherwise, bronchitis will begin to progress, which threatens with complications, overflow into the chronic form of the disease. Bronchitis is classified as follows:

What is bronchitis?
  • acute type - inflammatory process of the bronchial mucosa, which is characterized by an increase in the volume of secretion, which leads to coughing and the appearance of sputum (sometimes to shortness of breath);
  • chronic form - protracted, chronic (in some cases purulent) illness, which does not depend on lung problems and is expressed by a constant, severe cough;
  • Obstructive disease - very dangerous, clogs the bronchi;
  • bronchitis combines with tracheitis, which results in tracheid form of the disease (bronchopneumonia develops from the tracheobronchitis).

To make life easier and improve your health, you need to know how to cure chronic bronchitis forever, how get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of an acute illness, which expectorants with acute bronchitis are the most effective. Drugs are prescribed by a doctor, self-medication is not the best solution. The algorithm of action depends on the type of bronchitis and the reasons for which it was provoked.

Antitussive and expectorants for adults

Most patients believe that the effectiveness of antitussive medicine is due to its cost: the more expensive, the better. This is fundamentally wrong reasoning. The price of the expectorant in bronchitis absolutely does not affect its medicinal effect. Often the cost of syrups, tablets, powders against inflammation of the bronchi depends on the manufacturer, name, pharmaceutical organization, supplements.

With a dry cough

A strong, sore throat cough is not only a possible symptom of bronchitis. Such a sign is very hard to tolerate physically, disturbs sleep, just knocks out a person from the usual regime of the day. From unpleasant symptoms need to get rid of by means of special means of a reflex character. What to drink with a dry cough? Experts advise to take the following medicines:

Libexinum from a dry cough
  • Glaucin;
  • Butamirat;
  • "Codeine";
  • "Tusuprex";
  • "Libexin" and the like.

Thinning phlegm

When there is an infectious disease, which includes inflammation of the bronchi, it is often difficult to expectorate, cleansing from accumulating mucus. Such trouble is resolved by using drugs based on various herbs, plants. The pharmacological industry can offer a wide range of forms of preparations: collections, tablets, capsules. Seeing such a variety, it is difficult to choose the best expectorant for cough. We offer a list of the most effective medicines against bronchitis:

Preparation for liquefaction of phlegm - Thermopsol
  • tablets "Termopsol", "Kodelak-Broncho";
  • syrup "Gerbion" for getting rid of viscous, abundant sputum;
  • "Tussin" - combined mucolytic, expectorant drug;
  • syrups "Pertusin", "Bronchicum" - triple blow to the disease (anesthetic, expectorant, antimicrobial);
  • the tablet drug "Ambroxol" is a mucolytic that helps the mucus to escape;
  • syrup or tablets "Bromhexine".

Expectorants for children

Children and adolescents also often face such an ailment as bronchitis. To treat the disease is necessary at first, until the condition of the child, especially the baby, has not worsened. To prevent a dangerous disease, you need to strengthen the children's immune and respiratory systems, give babies vitamins, monitor the microclimate of housing. If the child has already taken up the inflammatory process, such expectorant effective medications for bronchitis will help:

Expectorant for children - Doctor MOM
  • "Mukaltin" - tablets, including marshmallows;
  • Gedelix - syrup or ivy-based drops;
  • "Petrussin" - soft syrup with thyme extract;
  • "Doctor MOM" - known to many means, which includes 11 medicinal herbs;
  • "Alteika" is a medicine in the form of a syrup, which improves the functioning of the bronchi and helps to get rid quickly of sputum.

Folk expectorants for bronchitis

Many are interested in treating bronchitis at home with folk remedies. Not always medicines can stop the development of the disease and then they are replaced by folk remedies for bronchitis. Get rid of dry cough, withdraw phlegm from the inflamed bronchi at home? Easily! Prepare an expectorant at home under the prescription is not difficult. Be careful: the formulations and procedures are applied only after consultation with the doctor.

For children

Than to treat a chronic bronchitis or its acute form at children? When coughing, problems with expectoration are often helped by such folk remedies:

Decoction of peppermint
  • decoction of peppermint;
  • syrup from licorice root;
  • broths from oregano or thermopsis;
  • Throat rinsing and inhalation through chemist's chamomile;
  • soda with warm milk and propolis.

For adults

Treatment of bronchitis at home in adults is not a myth. Often for the preparation of medicinal products used expectorant herbs from coughing. Recipes for bronchitis:

Radish juice with honey
  • tincture of Ledum, oregano, nettle and birch leaves;
  • drinking collection of oregano, chamomile and coltsfoot;
  • warmed milk with cognac and honey;
  • radish juice with honey;
  • boiled oats with milk;
  • a drug from juice of an age-old, honey, butter.

In pregnancy

Women breastfeeding or in a position often ask the doctor which expectorant tablets (syrups) can be taken. Not only the disease, but illiterately selected drugs for its treatment can lead to unpleasant consequences. General rules:

Falimint for the treatment of bronchitis in pregnancy
  1. Bronchitis is best eradicated by folk methods, herbs. Later it is permitted to resort to professional medicine.
  2. If the disease progresses, the doctor may prescribe "Tundal" or "Bronchicum" in the first months of pregnancy.
  3. Preparations "Libexin", "Stoptussin", "Falimint" are discharged in the second and third trimesters.

Video: how to treat bronchitis

Below you can see a very interesting, useful video on how to treat inflammation of the bronchi. The doctor will tell you which medications you need to use to get rid of an infectious ailment. You can easily specify which rules to adhere to for a speedy recovery. Assess the power of preventive measures. Carefully watch the video and do not be ill!


Maria, 22 years old: I was ill with bronchitis, I turned to a specialist for help. The doctor prescribed to take Ambrobene in the form of syrup. After a few days, almost cough was gone, sputum was steadily getting out. I gave this drug to my child. There are no complaints. I advise.

Andrei, 41 years old: My son took up inflammation of the bronchi. We were appointed "Lazolvan". The boy began to recover very quickly. We saw an obvious positive result after 4 days of treatment.

Jeanne, 25: We were given a drug for expectoration "Bromgexin" after seeing the daughter of a doctor. The syrup was not categorically approached us, after its reception the child began to cough even more. We replaced the syrup with tablets, and the baby went on the mend.


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