Activated carbon is an adsorbent drug that reduces absorption from the gastrointestinal tract toxic and medicinal substances, heavy metals, glycosides and alkaloids, thereby contributing to their removal from organism.
Activated carbon can adsorb gases, toxins, alkaloids, glycosides. The property of adsorption is also manifested in the case when it is necessary to purify the body of salts of heavy metals and salicylates. Purification is also possible with poisoning with barbiturates and other compounds. Activated charcoal contributes to the fact that the absorption of such harmful substances from the gastrointestinal tract decreases several times. It also promotes their excretion from the body with feces.
Especially effective use of the drug as a sorbent for hemoperfusion in the event that there was acute poisoning with barbiturates, glutetimide, theophylline.
Clinical and pharmacological group
Terms of sale from pharmacies
Can buywithout a doctor's prescription.
How much does Coal activated in pharmacies? The average price is at the level of15 rubles.
Composition and form of release
Activated charcoal is available in the form of tablets for oral administration. Tablets are round compressed formations and are available in paper packaging of 10 pieces.
- The tablets contain 250 or 500 mg of activated carbon and potato starch as an auxiliary.
Activated charcoal is a coal of animal or vegetable origin, which has undergone special treatment. The drug is a strong adsorbent that absorbs glycosides, poisons, gases, salts of heavy metals, alkaloids of synthetic and natural origin, hypnotics, sulfonamides, hydrocyanic acid, phenolic derivatives, as well as toxins of bacterial, plant and animal origin.
The drug has a moderate adsorbing effect on acids and alkalis. High activity of the drug is noted in the implementation of hemoperfusion with poisoning with barbiturates, glutathimide and theophylline.
The drug has a detoxification and anti-diarrhea effect. Coal well removes harmful accumulations from the body, contributing to the deposition of fats. That's why very often used activated carbon for weight loss.
Indications for use
In the instruction for Activated Carbon it is indicated that this preparation is intended for the treatment of the following diseases and conditions, including in the complex therapy:
- Intoxication due to dysentery;
- Allergic diseases;
- Food poisoning;
- Poisoning by chemical compounds, including organophosphorus and chlororganic;
- Hyper secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach;
- Poisoning with drugs, including heavy metal salts or alkaloids, as well as psychoactive substances;
- Metabolic disorders;
- An abstinent alcoholic syndrome.
In order to reduce gassing in the intestine, activated carbon is administered to patients during the preparation for an endoscopic or radiographic examination.
Contraindications for the purpose of Activated Carbon are:
- High individual sensitivity;
- Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum;
- Nonspecific ulcerative colitis;
- Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract;
- Atony of the intestine;
- Simultaneous reception of antitoxic substances, the action of which begins after absorption.
Intended use for pregnancy and lactation
Data on the negative effect of the drug on the woman's body during pregnancy, as well as data on its negative effect on the development of the fetus, no. Take pills during pregnancy should be taking into account contraindications.
Data on the negative effect of the drug in case of its use in HS is not.
Dosage and route of administration
As indicated in the instructions for use, take the drug inside, for 1-2 hours. before meals or medications. On average, the daily dosage of the drug is 100-200 mg / kg, taking it in three divided doses. Treatment lasts 3-14 days, after 14 days. it can be repeated.
- With meteorism and dyspeptic disorders, the drug takes 3-4 r / day for 1-2 grams for 3-7 days.
- When poisoning activated charcoal according to the instructions take 20-30 g - the powder is diluted in 100-150 ml of water. In case of acute poisoning, for the beginning, the stomach is washed with a suspension prepared from 10-20 g of powder, after which the patient is prescribed to take coal inside - 20-30 g / day.
- In diseases accompanied by fermentation and decay of food in the intestine, increased secretion of gastric juice, the drug is taken for 1-2 weeks. Dosage depends on age: children under 7 years are given 5 g of coal, children 7-14 years - 7 grams of funds, adults are appointed to take 10 g of coal 3 r / day.
Judging by the reviews on activated carbon, there are two effective schemes for using it to purify the body during a diet:
- for one day you need to drink 10 tablets. The coal is before meals, in several receptions;
- Activated charcoal for weight loss is taken at the rate of one tablet per 10 kg of weight, before meals. It is not recommended to take more than 7 tablets in one session. Ideally, a scheme is considered in which no more than three tablets are taken at a time, gradually increasing the dosage.
Take activated charcoal for weight loss ten-day courses, take a break 10 days, and again return to the diet. A good effect is observed after additional cleaning enemas.
Adverse effects of activated carbon can be:
- Black color of the chair;
- Reduced blood pressure.
Long-term use can lead to impaired absorption of fats, proteins, calcium, vitamins, hormones, nutrients;
With long-term use of the drug in large doses in patients, there is a violation of absorption of fats, proteins, microelements. Signs of an overdose of Activated Carbon are:
- decrease in body temperature (hypothermia);
- a decrease in the level of glucose in the blood plasma;
- lowering of blood pressure.
When one or more signs of an overdose appear, the drug should be discontinued immediately and consult a doctor. Treatment of an overdose is symptomatic.
During the administration of the drug, feces can be painted black, which is the norm and does not require the withdrawal of treatment.
Coal activated does not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions and the work of the central nervous system.
Interaction with other drugs
When an adsorbent is prescribed with other drugs, it weakens their effect on the body and reduces their absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. Caution should be taken Activated charcoal concurrently with drugs similar to actions: excessive adsorption can have a very negative effect on the state of the intestinal wall and microflora.
We offer you to read reviews of people who used Activated Carbon:
- Victor. Of course, the usual activated charcoal is already the last century and it's not very pleasant to drink, especially in large quantities. But at the same time it is quite effective and it copes well with its functions. Therefore, I am still pressing, but I accept it. As they say cheap and angry. And the shit is really black.
- Ivan. I regularly use charcoal activated and I can say that it is indispensable in trips, and in general at home, in the first aid kit, it is absolutely necessary in any case. The main thing is to buy it more, because with a stomach it can help in any situation. If you have a stomachache or just some not very good condition in the stomach, you will definitely drink it and there will be no side effects. In general, it is a very universal medicine that everyone should always have.
- Denis. I always used activated charcoal and will continue to use it. The best is the enemy of the good, and coal is a great help. Those who say that this is the last century, just chasing fashion and beautiful wrappers. For me, the most important is the effectiveness of the drug, and the ratio of efficiency to cost for coal is the highest. And just swallow a tablespoon of tasteless gel - this is something else masochistic buzz, it's better 4-5 tablets of coal, especially nothing to gnaw is not necessary, they themselves break up into small granules.
Structural analogs for the active substance:
- Activated carbon-UBF;
Also, the activated carbon can be replaced by more modern analogues:
- Entegnin and others.
Before buying an analogue, consult your doctor.
Smecta or Activated Carbon - which is better?
Smecta is an enterosorbent, the active substance of which is diosmectite (smectite dioctahedral).
In comparison with the analogue the preparation has a number of advantages:
- The smectite dioctahedral in Smekt helps to create the most suitable conditions for the development of useful microflora in the body.
- Smectu is distinguished by the selectivity of the action: removing toxins, viruses, excess bile acids and hydrochloric acid from the body, Smecta does not adsorb useful substances from the digestive tract.
- Smecta is allowed for use in infants for up to a year, while the Activated Carbon is given to infants only in (in the instructions of some manufacturers it is indicated that these tablets are not intended for children under 3 years).
- Getting into the digestive canal, Smecta envelops its walls and thus protects from exposure aggressive factors, coal, while having a more rigid structure, is itself capable of further injuring walls of the digestive tract.
Shelf life and storage conditions
Keep the package with the drug in a dry, well ventilated area, away from volatile agents and foreign odors. Avoid direct sunlight on the drug.
The shelf life of Coal tablets is 2 years from the date of manufacture, provided the product is properly stored.
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