Cough does not pass with an adult for two weeks or a month: what to do
Among many symptoms of cough is a complex and unpleasant manifestation. Therefore, if it does not go through a week or a month, the patient begins to worry and suspect the presence of serious illnesses.
Sometimes after the course of catarrhal disease there is a cough that does not end for a long time. At the same time, various means and methods of treatment were tried. In such a case, medical care must be treated if the cough does not go away for more than 15 days.
But why does this symptom not disappear quickly? Perhaps the body was depleted during the course of the cold and at this inopportune time it was infiltrated by an infection or a virus.
The organism can overcome viruses independently, but only if it is not weakened. Therefore, in order to successfully cure a prolonged cough, it is necessary to find out which microorganism triggered its appearance, so it is necessary to conduct all necessary studies.
Prolonged cough: causes
If the cough does not pass for a long time, for example, a cough does not pass a month, then the following infections and diseases contribute to it:
- fungal microflora (chlamydia, candida);
It is worth noting that the wrong, inferior or untimely treatment of such diseases leads to their progression.
All the above microorganisms can enter the body by airborne droplets, when the infected person sneezes or coughs.
The chances of infection are doubled if the adult's body is weakened or he experiences heavy workloads.
Therefore, the immune system should be strengthened, there are plenty of vegetables and fruits, sleep and play sports.
What if the cough does not stop a week?
Coughing is an involuntary exhalation reflex that occurs as a result of irritation of the laryngeal mucosa, bronchial tubes or throat and lung tissue. Thanks to this symptom, the airways are cleaned of foreign bodies, harmful microorganisms, mucus, dust and sputum.
To the reasons provoking a long cough, it is possible to carry:
- emotional overstrain.
Moreover, the cough can be wet or dry, night, day, periodic, paroxysmal and so on.
Treatment of a week coughIf the cause of the weekly cough was ARD, then the doctor prescribes antitussive drugs, with this you can not take antibiotics, since they only affect bacteria. But antibacterial agents may be appropriate for bronchitis and pneumonia, which are accompanied by symptoms such as fever and severe cough syndrome.
In addition to antibiotics, if the week does not pass a severe cough, expectorants are prescribed on the basis of medicinal plants. In addition, the doctor can prescribe immunomodulating drugs, which activate the protective functions of the body and expel the effect of antiviral drugs.
It is worth noting that if the cough is not only not more than a week, but also accompanied by pain in the chest, high temperature (38 and more), and when expectoration is allocated bloody, green or yellow sputum, then you can not do self-medication, but you need to quickly turn to the doctor.
There are some recommendations that are important to observe when treating a prolonged cough in an adult. So that the throat is not dry, you need to drink a lot of liquid. To this end, every evening you can drink warm milk with honey.
Morse and juices are no less useful. In addition, if a dry cough does not pass for more than a week, you should drink fresh juice from black radish (three times a day for 1 tbsp. l.).
What if the cough does not stop within a month?
Why there is a long cough and what to do to eliminate it? If this symptom does not last a month, then perhaps the whole fault is the following factors:
- congenital pathologies of the lungs;
- a foreign body in the respiratory tract;
- bronchial asthma.
For successful treatment of a long cough it is important to know whether this symptom was the root cause of the disease or whether it developed during its course. In addition, it is necessary to determine its character - productive or unproductive, frequent or rare, spastic or paroxysmal and so on.
It is necessary to consult a doctor quickly if a cough with phlegm does not last more than a month and is accompanied by such signs as:
- severe swelling;
- weight loss;
- colorless, thick discharge or sputum with blood impurities;
- lack of appetite;
- fast fatiguability;
- retrosternal pain.
In addition, a long cough can become chronic. To prevent this from happening, one should go to the doctor if the cough reflex does not stop within five days. Many people do not pay enough attention to this symptom, and even more so if it is not accompanied by weakness, runny nose and fever, but in case of no treatment the time will be irretrievably lost.
When the cough does not stop for about four weeks, it is necessary to make an appointment for an ENT, a therapist, an allergist, a phthisiatrist, and possibly a pulmonologist. Doctors after the survey will be able to determine why the cough does not stop for so long and what to do to cure it.
So, a cough lasting for a month may indicate the presence of:
- chronic bronchitis;
- heart failure;
- bronchial asthma;
- cancerous metastases or lung cancer;
- whooping cough;
But in order to finally determine the cause of prolonged cough, additional research will be required. This can be a blood test, sputum culture on the flora, a blood test for mycoplasma and chlamydia, a Mantoux test and a lung X-ray.
In addition, a cough that lasts for more than 4 weeks is typical for smokers and people working in harmful production, where they constantly inhale mold and dust.
So, silicosis often develops in miners, asbestosis - in builders, and pnevonit - in the agricultural sector.
Treatment of a cough that lasts longer than a monthIt is worth noting that without medical advice to treat a prolonged cough is inappropriate. After all, depending on the cause, a certain method of treatment is needed, for example, with heart failure it is senseless to drink antitussive syrups, swallow tablets or do inhalations.
So, for the successful treatment of an incessant cough in an adult it is important to restore the water balance, so the patient needs to drink plenty of fluids. In this case, the patient's diet should not be too high in calories, it is best to enrich it with fruits and vegetables.
In addition, it is effective to perform inhalations with cough with the addition of coniferous oil, coltsfoot, baking soda, thyme, sage and chamomile.
When productive cough with viscous secretions, you need to use drugs that dilute sputum. These drugs include mucolytics and expectorants.
And it is better, if the basis of such funds will be medicinal plants. And with a small number of excretions are assigned expectorant syrups and tablets.
But it is worth noting that such drugs should not be taken together with antitussive drugs.
A prolonged cough is one that does not last 4-8 weeks. Therefore, a two-week cough is considered only a suspicion of a prolonged symptom.
So, if a cough for a long time does not pass, then its causes can be covered in the presence of such diseases:
- bronchial asthma;
- left ventricular failure;
- HIV infection;
- lungs' cancer.
Still mandatory inspection of the mucous nasopharynx or pharynx. In this case, the doctor examines the discharge from the nose, confirms or excludes the presence of polyps in the nasal cavity and sinusitis, manifested by pain sensations in the projection of the paranasal sinuses.
It is worth noting that the temperature with prolonged cough may not always be elevated. It accompanies only a few diseases, such as sinusitis, tuberculosis and pneumonia.
In addition, the doctor should examine the patient's neck. In the process of investigation, such manifestations as a positive venous pulse can be detected, which indicates pulmonary insufficiency.
With an increase in the posterior or anterior cervical lymph nodes and nodes of the supraclavicular area, there is a suspicion of cancer of the larynx or lungs. And when listening you can find signs such as noise, local or scattered dry wheezes.
To get rid of a protracted cough, the most commonly prescribed drugs that activate the immune system. To this end, the patient should take funds based on rhodiola rosea, ginseng, eleutterococcus. As a rule, they are used after antibiotic therapy. in the video in this article, the expert will tell. what to do with a prolonged cough.
Help, cough does not pass the second week, what should I do?
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1. Inhalation is the best remedy for coughing. You can use a special inhaler or just breathe, covered with a blanket, over a pot with brewed chamomile, mint or thyme, or dissolve in hot water 10 tablets of Validol.
Now about how to carry out inhalation. You can roll a funnel from a thick paper, cover it with a wide end or a teapot, and inhale steam through a narrow gap. Many people prefer to breathe steam over the pan, covering the head with a towel. This is also not forbidden, just be careful not to overturn accidentally a pan of hot water. And keep in mind that suffering from hypertension, with increased blood pressure, this method is contraindicated.
It is more convenient for a child to use inhalation from a kettle or coffee pot. Fill it with water for one third. On the spout, put a pacifier with a cut end or a rubber tube through which the baby will breathe. It is recommended to administer inhalation to children from 2 to 3 years of age and under the supervision of an adult.
The duration of any inhalation is 5 - 10 - 15 minutes, for children - up to 5 minutes. Do it 1 - 2. a day.
Inhalation begin in 5 minutes, and for the child 10 minutes after the water boiled. It is strictly forbidden to breathe over boiling water!
2. Folk remedies. Stir the grated black radish with honey and leave for a few hours - as a result you get a healing drink that perfectly copes with a dry cough.
You can drink sweetened onion juice (2-3 spoons a day) or a mixture of freshly squeezed carrot juice with warm milk (:).
Exotic recipe from Brazil: wipe a couple of bananas through a sieve, stir with a glass of warm water or milk, add a spoon of honey - by the way, and a great dessert!
2 tablespoons of honey, 2 tbsp. l. cognac, 2 tbsp. l drink lemon juice for the night of the day 3 and cough as it never happened.
It is useful and simple to drink an infusion of thyme or mother-and-stepmother. Thyme, known to many housewives as a seasoning, has long established itself as a mucus separating and expectorant. Even with the disease with whooping cough, official medicine recognizes the antitussive and spasmolytic effects of thyme. It is sometimes called thyme. Infusion is prepared as follows: 1 tablespoon of herbs pour a glass of boiling water, insist one hour under the lid and filter. Take a tablespoon 3 times a day
Promotes separation of phlegm warm milk with soda (a quarter teaspoon of soda per glass) or milk in half with mineral water (Essentuki No. 4) - two to three times a day. If very tasteless - replace with milk with honey. Cook in a liter of milk of medium size onion and add a spoonful of honey. Use this mixture for the night. Milk is made very tasty, the onions do not smell at all, and even children drink it easily. Dry cough after it becomes softer and faster passes.
3. To get rid of a cough during a cold, you can rub your chest with any (even pork) fat and wrap up warmer. Bearish, badger and other exotic lard has no advantages! A good iodine mesh or a bag of warmed oats or salt placed on the chest is also good. Another option - one pepper plaster on the chest and two under the shoulder blades, keep the day (with a strong burning, take off!).
4. As with the common cold, do not allow sputum to dry out. If the doctor has not appointed, do not take cough suppressants (for example, libexin, tusuprex or codeine). With dry cough at the beginning of the disease mucolytics are effective, increasing the amount of sputum and diluting it (pectusin, licorice syrup and others). And when the cough became wet - expectorants (mucaltin 2 tablets 4 times a day, washed down with warm green tea, smokers - bromhexine or ambroben).
mercy to you and peace and love be multiplied.
Marina Korotaeva (Lysunkina)
Buy the most simple inhaler (glass) and breathe with oils.
try the Codterpine tablets. very effective cough remedy.
I'm helped well by the mustard plasters and the ATS 600
see a doctor
Urgently go to see a doctor.
Well, if nothing helps, you may need to see a doctor, take a picture of your lungs. Let the doctor prescribe the treatment.
Black radish juice with honey well helps. Buy a radish in the market, cut off the top as a lid and hollow out the middle. There put the honey, cover the lid, wait for the radish to give the juice and drink it several times a day. The remedy is very good.
For sale inhaler - nebulizer, a very good thing, a little expensive, but it helps instantly with the first application... from 3 to 5 thousand. rub - but it's worth it. At us both adults and children began to hurt less often a bronchitis ...
In addition to what you need to see a doctor (ie. To. It can be not only catarrhal, but also hypertension, an allergy) try a root of licorice to much helps or assists.! Art. spoon root brew a glass of water and drink warm this infusion as often as possible (if cooled down add boiling water and drink.
Until the mucus from the lungs comes out, the cough will not go away. Try to stop medication, get complications. Try to switch to a natural plant food that does not form mucus.
Fassing lozenges Tharyngept, Laryngosept, Antiangin, drink herbal tea from sage grass, oregano, hyssop, thyme (thyme), do drainage massage on the chest area... Recipes are a lot - remember your childhood and how all of us were treated for colds and angina by parents, grandmothers, grandfathers - and remember yourself with a dozen recipes.
Tablets Ko-trimoxazole, Terpinkod tried? From my experience, it helps quickly!
Terpinkod - Indications for use:
Symptomatic treatment of "dry" cough of any etiology in bronchopulmonary diseases.
Co-trimoxazole-Indications for use:
Respiratory tract infections - bronchitis, pneumonia, lung abscess, pleural empyema, otitis media, sinusitis;
Inhalations do. Me and Prospan are always helpful. Firstly, it acts as an expectorant, and secondly it quickly removes the symptoms of a cough. I cured bronchitis.
Of course, you need to go to the doctor, it's already a chronicle begins. I at once from a cough accept expectorant - effervescent tablets Проспан. Delicious and safe. Quickly all the sputum goes out and everything, there's no coughing.
Here, pills and inhalations will not help, okay cough 5 days wakes up, and 2 weeks is already serious, see a doctor!
Dry cough for a long time does not pass with the adult: the reasons, than to treat
Coughing is a reaction of the body to getting on the mucous epithelium of the airways of any irritant of a viral, bacterial allergic nature or evidence of being in the respiratory tract foreign body.
The causes of dry cough should be sought among multiple diseases or allergens.
Dry cough in an adult can occur due to a common cold or as a result of an oncological disease. Even the pathologies of the heart can be the cause of this phenomenon.
But in this case we are talking about the causes that are somehow connected with the human respiratory system. So, cough can be triggered by the following diseases:
- ARVI - parainfluenza, influenza, MS infection;
- atypical pneumonia;
- whooping cough;
- sinusitis, sinusitis;
- false cereals;
- bronchial asthma;
- oncological diseases of the respiratory system.
The main factors of dry cough, not associated with inflammation in the respiratory system:
- inhalation of toxic substances;
- allergic reaction;
- professional dry cough;
- gastro-esophageal reflux;
- helminthic invasions;
- taking medicines;
- hit foreign body.
And now for each reason more.
Acute respiratory infectionsARVI is a list of acute respiratory-viral respiratory diseases, which have similar symptoms and morphological signs. A long and severe dry cough is characteristic of parainfluenza, influenza and MS infection.
A virus is a viral infection that affects the nose, throat, and in some cases, the lungs. The main signs of the disease are:
- dry cough;
- general weakness;
- a sore throat.
Paragripp is an anthroponous SARS. The signs of this illness include:
- dry, barking cough;
- sensation of dryness and perspiration in the throat;
- subfebrile (up to 38 ℃) or normal body temperature.
Respiratory syncytial infection is a viral pathology, which, as a rule, affects the lower respiratory tract. For this disease is typical dry cough, which goes into the wet for 3-5 days. The patient's temperature is either normal or subfebrile.
If a person develops this syndrome, the patient must provide bed rest and a generous warm drink. For the removal of acute symptoms are symptomatic treatment, prescribe antiviral drugs and give medicines to lower the temperature.
If a dry cough does not go away after a few days, the patient is prescribed expectorants.
It is necessary to treat ARVI, since a neglected disease can result in serious complications. Therefore, you need to contact a medical facility.
Pleurisy, pneumonia, whooping cough
If the cough does not go away for a long time, it probably indicates a disease called pleurisy. Pleurisy is a disease of the pleural leaves, accompanied by the deposition of fibrin on them or the accumulation of exudative fluid in the pleural cavity.
What syndrome is typical for pleurisy?
- Dry cough.
- Painful sensations when breathing.
- A slight increase in temperature.
Treatment can only be carried out by a doctor after determining the true cause of the disease. Most often, the patient is prescribed antibacterial or anti-tuberculosis drugs. As an additional therapy, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and desensitizing drugs can be prescribed.
Atypical pneumonia is a disease with an unusual symptomatic course. The factors that provoke atypical pneumonia are atypical pathogens.
Symptoms of the disease:
- dry cough that does not last long;
- extrapulmonary symptoms, characteristic of these pathogens.
Since the drugs from most atypical pathogens have not yet been established, treatment is carried out with broad-spectrum antibiotics, antiviral agents and glucocorticosteroids.
Pertussis is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets. Pathology is bacterial in nature and is accompanied by a spastic paroxysmal cough that does not go away for a long time. To this symptom is added a small runny nose and a slight increase in temperature.
Treatment consists in taking antihistamines, bronchodilators and antitussives.
Pharyngitis, measles, laryngitis, false croupFor a long time does not pass cough and with pharyngitis, moreover - this is the main syndrome of this disease. In addition to this sign, pharyngitis is characterized by perspiration and sore throat, subfebrile condition.
To treat the disease you need inhalation, gargling, systemic antibiotics and abundant warm drink.
The next reason for the appearance of a dry cough is measles. This disease is provoked by a virus and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- dry, incessant cough;
- significant increase in body temperature, up to 40 ℃;
- characteristic rash;
Treatment consists of the reception of mucolytic, antipyretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs. Measles is dangerous with serious consequences, which is why when you suspect this pathology, you should immediately call a doctor at home. In itself, measles never passes, it requires adequate treatment.
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat. The disease can be suspected by the following signs:
- a long and severe dry cough;
- difficulty breathing;
- loss of voice;
- there is pain when swallowing.
Treatment of laryngitis is quite simple. The patient should limit himself in conversations and irritating spicy food, drink as much warm liquid as possible, do inhalations and gargle. In order to prevent the disease from becoming chronic, it must be treated.
False cereal is a special type of laryngitis, in which there is a syndrome of diminishing laryngeal clearance and spasm of the glottis. The patient becomes difficult to breathe, and attacks of suffocation most often appear at night.
This condition can end asphyxia, which is why when these signs appear it is urgent to call an ambulance. What to do in anticipation of an ambulance?
The patient needs to provide good access to fresh air, make a foot bath and give a warm drink.
Tracheitis, asthma, sinusitis, tuberculosisIf the cough does not go away for a long time, then it arises from attacks, accompanied by pain in the throat and for sternum, sputum and a small fever - the doctor may well suspect the patient tracheitis.
Treatment of this disease consists in the appointment of antibiotics and antiviral agents. At a high body temperature, the patient is given antipyretic drugs, and if there is no temperature, steam inhalations should be done.
Bronchial asthma is a chronic ailment that manifests itself not only in the defeat of the bronchi, but also in a decrease in immunity, a violation of the nervous system, and allergies. The main symptom of the disease is a painful dry cough, which is accompanied by suffocation.
For their arrest, bronchodilators are prescribed, as a supportive therapy the patient must constantly take:
- antagonists of leukotriene receptors;
Most often, asthma does not go away, but remains with a person for life.
Sinusitis, sinusitis, rhinitis - these three diseases are the causes of the "postnasal sinking syndrome". On the pharyngeal wall, the mucus drains from the nasal sinuses from time to time, it excites the cough receptors, which causes a dry cough. In this case, treatment should be aimed at the underlying disease.
Tuberculosis is a very dangerous infectious pathology, the pathogens of which are mycobacteria. Unfortunately, the illness for a very long time can be asymptomatic and can be discovered quite accidentally during a medical examination.
Symptoms of tuberculosis:
- dry cough, which does not go very long;
- general fatigue, weakness;
- low-grade fever;
- sharp weight loss.
The treatment of tuberculosis is very complicated and requires the use of anti-tuberculosis multicomponent chemotherapy.
Other causes of dry coughIf the patient has a dry cough, it can signal a cancer of the throat, trachea, bronchi or lungs. Therefore, with incessant coughing, you should always contact a doctor who will refer the patient to a full examination and, in accordance with the diagnosis, prescribe adequate therapy.
Some patients, knowing that they have cancer, prefer not to do anything and make a big mistake. Modern methods of treatment can permanently get rid of a cancerous tumor if the measures are taken on time.
What else can cause a dry cough? Today, a huge number of people suffer from allergic manifestations. Allergies to dust, flowering plants, chemicals, animal wool are accompanied by:
With this nature of cough, the patient is prescribed antihistamines.
Dry professional cough may occur in people engaged in industries in which air is overloaded with numerous toxins that irritate the cough receptors. In this situation, the solution to the problem is only one thing: change of job.
Gastro-esophageal reflux is a painful condition when the contents of the stomach suddenly enter the esophagus or throat. Gastric juice begins to irritate the mucosa, resulting in a cough.
This condition is accompanied by painful swallowing, heartburn, chest pain. Treatment consists of diet, prokinetics, antacid and antisecretory drugs.
Dry cough can occur as a result of falling into the respiratory system of a foreign body. In addition to coughing, choking may occur, so with such a problem you should immediately run to the doctor. What is a prolonged cough. and what to do with it will tell the video in this article.
What if I can not get rid of a cough?Every person at least once a year overtakes a cold. Since childhood, unpleasant symptoms are familiar to everyone: cough, fever, runny nose, weakness, sore throat. Unfortunately, some symptoms can torment a person even after a complete, seemingly healing. The most common case, when the cold has passed, but does not pass cough. A prolonged cough can be observed for several more weeks after a cold. What is the reason for coughing and how to deal with it?
Cough is a protective reaction of the body to foreign bodies that enter our body. It is included as a protective reflex, when a person choked or even inhaled through the mouth various substances, such as dust. During colds, sputum accumulates in the respiratory tract, which the body perceives as an alien body and with the help of a cough tries to get rid of it and various microbes.
Thus, it becomes clear that the cough should be treated not as a result of the disease, but as a process that helps to recover to the end. This means: it is more correct not to get rid of cough, but to make it more productive.But sometimes the cough becomes very intense, sometimes, not allowing a person to fall asleep, or even causing vomiting. In these cases, undoubtedly, measures should be taken to reduce the strength of this process.
Causes of prolonged cough
Most often, cough occurs with colds:
- respiratory syncytial virus infection;
- adenovirus infection;
- acute or chronic bronchitis;
When a cough occurs, it is necessary to undergo a checkup to find out the cause of its appearance
Of course, there are other serious diseases, which lead to an intense and prolonged cough. If a person does not get a cough for a month, then first you need to see a doctor, and only then start the possible self-treatment. In any case, when a person has a prolonged cough, it is necessary to do a fluorography or even an X-ray.
If a cough during a cold does not go along with the disease, then post cold cough should be treated. Usually it is accompanied by the release of viscous sputum. Treatment should be aimed at liquefying and spitting out of the respiratory tract.
Treatment of a protracted cough
It is wrong to talk about the cough treatment, because it's just a symptom. He either is removed as a symptom, or heals the disease itself, as a result of which he appeared.
- abundant drinking;
- drugs that dilute sputum.
When you cough, the patient should definitely drink plenty of liquid to restore the water balance in the body. Water helps the process of liquefying phlegm and getting it out of the body.
Alkaline mineral waters, such as Borjomi or Essentuki, are especially useful. Addition to a high intake of liquids should be the right food, containing many vitamins - fresh fruits and vegetables.
InhalationAs for inhalations, this is one of the most effective methods for relieving cough. It is not difficult to make inhalation, besides there are many different ways, and each patient can choose for himself the most accessible of them. One of the options: brew such herbs as chamomile, sage, thyme, coltsfoot, add a teaspoon of soda food and a couple drops of eucalyptus or menthol oil, and then inhale the vapors. You can administer the inhalation several times a day.
By the way, essential oils are very effective in steam inhalers. You need to choose those that contribute to the dilution of sputum, softening of the mucosa of the respiratory tract.The lavender essential oil has a softening effect. Antiseptics are eucalyptus and thyme. An expectorant effect will be achieved with the use of incense and majorana essential oil. You can prepare a mixture of oils for inhalation yourself, or buy it already ready in the pharmacy.
Reception of medicines at a cough should be carried out only on purpose of the doctor
As for the drugs, then it's worth to be especially careful. As in the case of other drugs, the choice of medicine should only be trusted by a specialist. Come to the pharmacy and on the advice of a pharmacist to purchase a popular expectorant is a big mistake many patients make.
In some cases, it can help, but in others it can even do harm, because a pharmacist can not deliver an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, it is worth to go to the doctor and find out what exactly is the reason for a prolonged, not passing cough.
Speaking generally about medicines, you should know that drugs for liquefying sputum are divided into mucolytic and expectorant. Mucolytics are prescribed in cases when sputum is very viscous and it is difficult to be excreted from the body. Expectorant medications are needed in situations where sputum, on the contrary, is small. They help bronchi to extract phlegm, making it more fluid. At the same time, the medicine causes a cough, so that the bronchi are cleared.
A separate group of drugs are antitussive drugs. As you know, cough is not always worth eliminating, because it helps the body to clear itself of germs and sputum. But in some cases, with a dry suffocating cough, antitussive drugs are prescribed.
Do this only a doctor, because these drugs can have strong side effects. In addition, in the presence of phlegm, the taking of these medicines must be stopped immediately. Even if you take medication for a while, the cough worries for another 1-2 weeks, then you need to see a doctor, you may need to change the treatment.
How to relieve lingering cough?
There are some simple methods that will help make the cough less painful. Using these tips, available to everyone, you can bring the sick body a lot of benefits:
- Rinse the throat with saline. Solution: warm water with a diluted teaspoon of salt. You can make this solution with baking soda and add a drop of iodine. The irritated throat will not hurt so much when coughing.
- To give up smoking. If the patient smokes, then at least for the period of treatment, it is worth to give up a bad habit, or at least reduce the number of smoked cigarettes to a minimum.
- Humidified air. If there are special devices for humidifying the air, then you must use them, and if not, you can simply put a couple of cans of water in the corners of the room. Humid air easily penetrates into the lungs, and dry - irritates them, causing coughing attacks.
- With a dry cough, you need to use a spoonful of honey. Strengthen the effect of honey with finely chopped garlic or onions. This remedy softens the throat and has an antibacterial effect.
Thus, with the right approach to treating the disease, you can effectively get rid of the cough, eliminating its complications. It must be remembered that any disease that has not completely disappeared can have serious consequences for the body.
Cough with phlegm: what and how to treat if there is no temperature
If adults have a persistent dry or wet cough, this condition indicates a loss of airway, which causes this or that disease.
Such a symptom is a kind of self-defense of the body and is caused when foreign particles appear in the respiratory organs, for example, it can be green sputum when coughing.
Often with catarrhal diseases, there is a cough with sputum, which coughs up. Sputum is a viscous thick liquid that is produced by the mucous membrane.
Its basis is water with glycoproteins, lipids and immunoglobulins. Depending on the composition, the foamy consistency can have a different color, which varies from pale yellow to green and brown. From coughing with obvious phlegm, expectoration occurs, and microbes and accumulated toxins are removed from the respiratory tract.In most cases, dry cough is transformed into a wet cough with phlegm, which is expectorated. The most common reason that provokes it is smoking.
During smoking, a large amount of mucus accumulates in the airways, which leads to a strong cough with phlegm.
Also smoking paralyzes the thin hairs that are in the airways, because of which expectoration is greatly complicated.
Causes and types of phlegm on coughing
Cough without fever can cause a variety of diseases. One of the reasons for the appearance of symptoms is the development of asthma. At the initial stage of the disease, the patient feels slight hoarseness and a dry cough with hard-to-recover sputum. After a while the wheezing becomes strong and a strong cough with sputum appears. In this case, a thick foamy mucus may form in the form of precipitates.
In addition, it can be noted:
- Another cause may be chronic bronchitis. A similar disease with chronic blocking of the airways causes a dry cough that gradually passes into a cough without temperature. In this liquid consistency can contain salty purulent mucus brown.
- Cough with yellow sputum often occurs as a result of the appearance of a common cold. In this case, the color of sputum during a cough may change, as pus accumulates in it.
- Mucus in large quantities in the way of breathing accumulates if there is an inhalation of dust, smoke and other irritants that provoke a cough with phlegm.
Often, these symptoms are observed with an allergic reaction or chronic sinusitis. A green liquid consistency when coughing is observed if the disease has become chronic.
A severe cough and with phlegm can also report the presence of such a serious disease as lung cancer. Therefore, it is worthwhile to be alerted if bloody veins are found in the consistency. Also, mucus may contain purulent clusters.
If the dry cough has flowed smoothly into a cough with phlegm, this can be a signal of the development of pneumonia. Yellow or gray salted phlegm in turn changes color due to the activity of bacteria present in it.
Yellow sputum when coughingThe appearance of yellow sputum may indicate that the patient develops bronchitis, pneumonia or sinusitis. In the event that a cough with sheer yellow sputum appears unexpectedly and abruptly, you should immediately consult a doctor to begin treatment as soon as possible.
Especially dangerous if the mucus contains purulent or blood clots. The yellow color appears, as a rule, when the main consistency is mixed with pus.
To accurately diagnose the disease and prescribe the right treatment, the doctor prescribes sputum analysis, which is collected in a special jar. The procedure is performed in the morning on an empty stomach, before that the oral cavity is rinsed with a weak antiseptic solution.
Also purulent sputum can be yellow with frequent smoking. With bronchitis, the color of the liquid consistency can reveal the cause of the disease and the presence of bacteria in the body.
Treatment is prescribed only after careful examination and clarification of the exact diagnosis.
White sputum curd consistency indicates the presence of respiratory tract fungus infection or tuberculosis. Fungi can affect the bronchi as a result of prolonged antibiotic treatment with reduced immunity. This leads to the appearance of a pathogenic microflora on the mucosa. In the case of tuberculosis, mucus is usually released in small amounts.
If white spots are found in the white sputum, the doctor can diagnose a pulmonary complication due to damage during the coughing of the laryngeal vessels. A white, watery consistency may be caused by external stimuli, a viral infection or diseases of the respiratory organs.
Transparent sputum indicates that the inflammatory process is absent. A thick and transparent consistency can indicate that lung inflammation, bronchitis, allergies, asthma or colds develop.
With a constant increase in the amount of mucus and sputum, the patient is poisoned, so it is important to start treatment on time to prevent congestion in the bronchi.
Cough and blood
Bloody splotches in the sputum when coughing report a respiratory disease. If such symptoms appear, you should immediately seek medical help in order to identify the causes and start the necessary treatment.
When the reasons lie in the development of lung cancer, the blood in the sputum is in the form of veins. Including a cough with blood can be caused by bronchitis, in this case you can find small scarlet veins in a small amount.
If the causes are the development of pneumonia, fresh cords of blood will appear from the cough with sputum. From what caused the painful symptoms, it will depend on what treatment the doctor will prescribe.
A protracted coughProlonged is a cough that lasts more than four to eight weeks, with a positive dynamics to recovery is not observed. This condition is a very disturbing symptom that reports a serious illness.
Before the treatment begins, the doctor prescribes the X-ray of the lungs to exclude cancer. The reasons for this state of the patient can be reduced to the presence of inflammation, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis. A prolonged cough may also occur in heavy smokers with prolonged bronchitis. Such a disease is considered chronic and it is difficult to cure it.
A prolonged cough is observed in people who, in the nature of their activities, are associated with chemicals. In particular, with constant contact with asbestos, people often develop asbestosis disease.
To get rid of the disease, it is required to change the kind of activity, so as not to contract with the stimulus, there are no other ways to solve such a problem.
The appearance of cough in the morning
Quite often people cough in the morning, and there's nothing to worry about. Thus, they cough up phlegm, which accumulated overnight in the respiratory tract. However, it is important to understand that in healthy people mucus departs in small amounts. If a large amount of sputum is produced, there may be reasons for this.
Most often in the morning, heavy smokers and coughing up mucus inveterate smokers. As you know, a morning cough of a chronic nature signals about tobacco poisoning. If you do not start treatment on time, the symptoms will only increase.
Causes of severe cough in the morning can also be chronic lung disease, tuberculosis. The patient can cough intensely if mucus from the nasal sinuses is stuck in the throat.
Treatment of cough with phlegm
When cough and sputum is caused by acute respiratory viral infection or bronchitis, the accumulated consistency is difficult the physician prescribes treatment with the use of special mucolytics, which dilute sputum. Also, in the case of difficultly separated sputum, expectorants are prescribed.
Many people, worrying about their health, sometimes refuse to take medicine, giving preference to folk remedies. However, it must be borne in mind that such treatments may also have contraindications and cause side effects. Therefore, before starting treatment, you should consult your doctor.
It is also important to understand that mucolytic and antitussive drugs can not be taken at the same time, otherwise the patient's condition will only worsen.
Medicinal products that relieve cough are divided into three main groups:
- Expectorants are prescribed if it is required to treat symptoms of a cold with sparse phlegm.
- Anti-cough medicines are prescribed when it is necessary to treat an unproductive and dry cough.
- Mucolytic drugs are used when it is required to treat symptoms with thick, viscous and difficult to separate sputum.
Coughs of expectorant actionQuickly and effectively cure moist cough Althea's preparations, including Mukaltin, Alteika syrup and Althea's Root, will help. Medicinal expectorant is prescribed if it is necessary to treat acute and chronic pathologies of the respiratory system in the form of bronchitis, emphysema of the lungs, tracheobronchitis. The drug is used for viscous hard to separate sputum.
The drug dilutes the consistency, relieves inflammation, stimulates the wave-like contractions of the walls of the bronchi, so that mucus is easily removed from the respiratory tract. However, to treat Althea with symptoms is contraindicated in case of individual sensitivity, ulcer of the duodenum and stomach. Diabetics should also be cautious during treatment.
Preparations based on thermopsis help to cure cold symptoms by irritating the center of breathing, which contributes to expectoration of sputum. This includes pills for coughing Termopsol, Kodelak bronchus with thyme. The medicine has an expectorant, anti-inflammatory and mucolytic effect due to the content in the active elements.
Quickly cure a wet cough is helped by breastfeeding, which includes such medicinal herbs as oregano, mother-and-stepmother, plantain, licorice, sage, anise, marshmallow, pine buds from cough, chamomile, violet, ledum, calendula.
Also, many prefer to treat the symptoms of cold with the help of the Bronchophyte elixir, it contains a rosemary, plantain, anise, licorice, sage, violet, thyme.
Mucolytic drugs for coughing
Mucolytic drugs are prescribed to drink when you need to treat bronchitis. Such preparations dilute sputum, improve its excretion and, thus, break favorable conditions for the reproduction of pathogenic organisms.
Drugs, the active ingredient of which is acetylcysteine, help get rid of severe symptoms in chronic bronchitis. They are also taken with laryngitis, otitis media, pneumonia. These drugs are contraindicated for pulmonary hemorrhage, bronchial asthma, adrenal pathology, hepatic and renal insufficiency.
Bromhexine and its preparations Solvin and Bronchosan are widely used in the conduct of inhalations. The effect of treatment can be seen after only 2 days. With increased viscosity, sputum is prescribed to drink drugs based on carbocisteine, among which medicines such as Fluidite, Fluviert, Bronhobos and Libexin Muno.
An interesting video in this article offers information on how to cure a cough.
What does a constant cough in an adult mean?
A constant cough in an adult: normal or pathological? Any cough, which for a long time does not pass, for example, for a month or more, should alert everyone. Coughing in an adult is a protective reaction of the body that occurs for a certain reason, therefore, every conscious person must determine the provoking factor and choose options for it elimination.
In most cases, people turn to a doctor when already diagnosed with serious, neglected diseases, and the cough turns into a prolonged one, and the person can not even clear his throat.
What can provoke a prolonged cough?
In medical practice, it is common to distinguish between the infectious and non-infectious cause of the development of a strong cough.Non-infectious diseases include:
- Chronic forms of rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, in which the nasal mucosa is constantly swollen. Sputum does not go outside and falls into the bronchi and trachea.
- Because of the excessive amount of spices in the stomach, acidity may increase and heartburn may occur. It can manifest as a cough.
- Allergic reactions of the body to irritants. In this case, the cough will be dry and prolonged.
- The reaction of the body to certain medications that have already caused addiction.
- Contaminated air in the workplace or in the village.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- Presence of tumors in the airways or lungs.
Varieties of prolonged cough in adults
With any cough, the manifestations will be different. Therefore, it is worthwhile to know that there are several types of pathology:Intrusive. It is characteristic for diseases or inflammations in the larynx. Such a cough usually lasts long, appears at the initial stage of the cold. When the patient recovered, and the immunity did not recover, the cough continues to manifest and is more a protective reaction of the body.
If at this stage, not to help restore the immune system, then cough is a direct way to the bronchi. This leads to the development of acute bronchitis, which is treated for a long time, and in many cases takes a chronic form. If you do not organize the correct treatment, then a prolonged cough causes deformation of the bronchial walls, this leads to asthma, lung abscesses and pneumonia.
Many patients at the doctor's appointment indicate pain in the side, shortness of breath, fever, which accompany the main symptom.
A cough with wheezing or whistling is characteristic of whooping cough.
Barking - tracheitis or laryngitis.
Vocal cords are inflamed, in the chest you can clearly hear bubbling breath.Most often this cough torments the patient at night or early in the morning. There have been cases when choking occurs with improper treatment or neglect. A bout of dry cough with tracheitis or laryngitis can last up to 1 hour.
If the cough provokes a fever, a decrease in the tone of the voice, then this may indicate the development of tuberculosis.
ARI, ARVI has an obsessive cough.
Cough in the morning is typical for bronchial asthma. There are attacks of suffocation. Doctors emphasize that this kind of cough should only be treated, as it can lead to death.
Mental disorders are characterized by a metallic dry cough during eating, talking and have the effect of suddenness.
Treatment of dry cough in adults
Almost all smokers are diagnosed with chronic obstructive disease, which can cause lung cancer.
Tobacco smoke contains a large number of harmful substances, many of them are diagnosed as poisons for the human body. When the smoke is inhaled, irritation of the bronchial mucosa occurs, while the part remains inside and settles on the organ itself. This provokes oppression of the normal operation of the epithelium. After a short period of time, the epithelium generally ceases to fulfill its function of expelling harmful substances to the surface, and the bronchi absorb everything that gives them the smoke of a cigarette.This situation leads to chronic inflammation of non-infectious bronchial tubes.
Given that the bronchi lose their normal ability to fight and clear, joining any infection will not cause any special difficulties. Smokers have many cases of combining infectious and chronic bronchitis, which are superimposed on each other. These circumstances cause a prolonged course of the illness and the very recovery.
There are several options for treating a cough from a smoker. When using traditional medicine, it is necessary to get a consultation with a pulmonary physician. In general, mucolytics, expectorants are used for treatment. If a patient is diagnosed with an infection, then a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
You can use folk methods for treatment. It is enough to use herbal preparations from oregano, mother-and-stepmother, thyme, licorice root, marshmallow, plantain, calendula.
Good warming and grinding help.
Visiting a Russian bath, therapy with the use of essential oils help to remove an irritating cough.
Cure a smoker's cough completely can only give up cigarettes.
Cough dry for allergic reactions, tracheitis and laryngitisIn order to successfully treat a prolonged cough due to such manifestations, it is necessary to find out exactly the causes. All activities should be performed only after consultation with the doctor.
Patients with prolonged cough need to ensure:
- constant drinking, preferably decoctions of medicinal herbs;
- for the removal of spasm can be stocked with medical candy, which includes components for the activation of the glands and the ingestion of saliva;
- administration of inhalation with saline solutions;
- to carry out regular airing and wet cleaning at home, so that the air in the room is constantly moistened.
As drugs, it is recommended to take mucolytic drugs, in severe cases, narcotic drugs may be prescribed to stop severe attacks of cough.
Worth knowing! It is forbidden to take both antitussive and expectorant drugs at the same time, as there are cases of cupping sputum in the bronchi. This leads to the development of inflammatory processes.
From folk medicine can be used inhalation. With caution, you need to choose solutions for inhalation with an allergic cough. Herbs and oils can provoke additional allergic reactions and only worsen the patient's condition.
For everyone, inhalation with a soda solution is good. They help to translate dry cough into wet, dilute sputum and discharge them outside..
What is dangerous is the lack of treatment for a prolonged cough?
Prolonged reflex coughs of various types are dangerous for the human body and can lead to serious complications:
- Myocardial infarction. Since a prolonged cough affects the work of the bronchi adversely, an infectious disease develops or becomes chronic in them. Inflammatory processes in the bronchi affect the organs that are near.
- Such manifestations can cause psychological and psychosocial problems. It is difficult for a person to stay for a long time in public places, at work. If it is necessary to work in a voice, then it generally becomes impossible.
- A long cough in most cases causes shortness of breath, so physical activity decreases, which leads to other diseases in the body.
- Strong attacks can provoke a hemorrhage in the brain. Due to the fact that the patient constantly strains muscles, vessels in the head and body, the vessels of the brain lose the ability to work correctly.
- May cause inguinal and umbilical hernias.
Despite the fact that cough at first glance seems a non-serious disease, it can cause complications and a bunch of problems. Therefore, only timely treatment and diagnosis can return the body to a normal life without an unpleasant symptom.
What if the cough does not go away, and what are its causes?
You are tortured by the fact that the cough does not pass? Are you tired of standing up in your throat? Is it difficult for you to breathe? With this disease, you can and must fight! So, what is a cough?
Coughing is a natural defensive reaction (reflex) of the body to any stimulus that prevents free passage of air, as well as inflammation of the respiratory tract. Prolonged (prolonged) is called cough, which lasts more than 4-8 weeks. This cough does not go away quickly, because it can be one of the signs of such dangerous diseases as bronchitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma and lung cancer. If the cough does not pass a month, visit the phthisiatrician first. According to statistics, about 20% of the adult population suffers from a cough that lasts 3-4 weeks, or even more, which is serious the basis for an immediate visit to the doctor, tk. You need to treat not so much the cough itself, but the underlying disease that has caused. Fortunately, in most cases, such a cough can be successfully disposed of. Many medicines are sold without a prescription, and they can be taken without consulting a doctor.
And if the cough does not pass after the course of treatment? You can additionally use and folk remedies. There are many methods to combat this painful symptom.
To facilitate cough, it is necessary to use thawing agents. A great way is a rich hot drink. In addition, a saline solution for throat rinses well. To prepare it, stir a little salt in warm water. Rinse the throat with a solution every hour. This procedure increases expectoration, and the lungs will work at full strength. Use the means, the effect of which is directed to the expansion of air-ways. Drugs with a bronchodilating effect can accelerate the process of cleansing the bronchi. Being in a room with dry air negatively affects the lungs, irritating them and intensifying unpleasant symptoms, coughing does not go away and is aggravated. Therefore, you should breathe moistened air, t. it easily penetrates into the lungs. One of the best ways to fight a protracted cough is to use essential oils. With their help (in the form of inhalations), you can significantly relieve unpleasant symptoms. Their use increases expectoration. It is necessary to choose such oils, which will soften the mucosa of the airways, and contribute to the separation of sputum. Such oils include benzoic resin and lavender or majorana oil, as well as incense. In pharmacies, you can buy a ready-made mixture for inhalations.
To mitigate cough, you can take honey mixed with a small amount of onions or garlic. Very effective, but not very pleasant. If you smoke, then to facilitate a prolonged cough should be abandoned this addiction. Dry cough does not pass because of a temporary cessation of smoking, try to exclude it from your life. And the risk of cancer will decrease. When the cough becomes easier, do not go back to your previous diet, if it included the use of a large number of sweets, dairy products, starchy food (cakes and buns), this diet lowers the resistance of the body to infection, reduces immunity and allows coughing last. In the case when the cough stubbornly does not want to stop, in particular, when it comes to the child, professional help is needed.
The doctor will justify the need for additional examination, prescribe medications suitable for you, explain the preventive measures. And, if you carefully follow his recommendations, then the chance that the cough will leave you is quite high.
Dry cough in an adultCough is a muscle reflex shortening of the chest in response to a stimulus. During the cough, the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are cleansed of microorganisms, dust and mucus. When a person for a long time excruciates a dry cough, it can become a symptom of a serious illness. Such a cough is called unproductive, i.e. when coughing, there is no separation of sputum.
Causes of dry cough in adults
The reasons for this condition can be:
- inflammation in the bronchi and trachea;
- bronchial asthma;
- inflammation of the larynx;
- tumors of the respiratory system;
- whooping cough;
Types of cough in adults
If you listen to a cough, you can hear its different shades and varieties. There are several types:
If he is not too intrusive, with short coughs, then he is called pharyngeal. At the same time, the pharyngeal mucosa dries up or the mucus accumulates at the entrance to the larynx.
In whooping cough are characterized by multiple coughing thrusts, which are accompanied by a deep breath with a whistling sound.
Barking cough appears with laryngitis and tracheitis. It occurs when the inflammatory process of the vocal cords. If barking breath is added to the barking dry cough, then this is a manifestation of croup.
When you hear low tones with a gradual increase, this may be a symptom of tuberculosis.
During the catarrhal disease, there may appear a pertussis cough of an obsessive nature.
Spastic cough speaks of bronchial asthma. It is unproductive and intrusive. He appears closer to the morning. Such a condition may indicate obstructive bronchitis, but without a series of seizures.
The metallic shade of a dry cough that appears during a conversation during a meal can talk about a mental disorder, but this is only diagnosed after a serious examination.
Strong cough in an adult (dry)
Provoke a strong dry cough in an adult can various factors. These include:
- Smoking when tobacco tar irritates the bronchi.
- Dust, which causes perspiration in the respiratory tract.
- The foreign body when exposed to the mucosa has an irritating effect.
- Stressful situations and emotional experiences.
- Allergic reactions.
- Adverse reaction to medications.
- Oncological diseases.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Heart failure.
- Problems in the stomach and intestines, when a fistula of the esophageal tracheal region is formed and reflex dry cough appears after eating.
Long dry cough in an adult
Often a dry cough occurs during a cold disease, if the weakened immunity does not cope with its protective functions, and the disease passes into the bronchi. As a result, acute bronchitis appears, which, in the absence of proper treatment, goes into a chronic stage. With prolonged coughing in an adult, deformation of the bronchial walls can occur, which leads to asthma, lung abscess and pneumonia.
A long, dry throat cough and severe swallowing in the pharynx are with chronic pharyngitis. This is a serious disease that needs to be treated in a hospital.
A very long spasmodic cough accompanied by pain in the side, shortness of breath and fever can be observed with pleurisy.
Paroxysmal cough in an adult
The spasmodic nature of cough often refers to the manifestation of bronchial asthma. Usually it appears in the night and evening and appears against the background of an allergen. An attack can cause suffocation, pain in the abdomen and chest. It can last about one hour.
Paroxysmal cough characterized by inflammatory processes of the pharynx, larynx and nasopharynx. If the time is not taken to eliminate them, the painful condition passes into bronchitis, pneumonia and tracheitis.
Dry barking cough in an adult
Dry barking cough in adults is characteristic of parainfluenza. This is an acute viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract. It is a symptom of the acute form of laryngitis and pharyngitis and manifests itself at night. In bronchial asthma, it is accompanied by attacks of suffocation. Lack of proper treatment can lead to death. When croupous pneumonia cough is accompanied by painful sensations in the chest. Pertussis in an adult is caused not only by a barking cough, but also by attacks of vomiting.
Dry suffocating cough in an adult
The emergence of a suffocating cough can be caused by a variety of factors. Often this happens when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, and the allergen irritates the mucous membrane. More often the symptom indicates a serious disease, which include:
- bronchial asthma;
- whooping cough;
- oncological diseases;
- heart failure;
Such a cough is often observed in smokers with experience. The absence of treatment for chronic bronchitis can lead to secondary tuberculosis.
Dry cough in an adult at night
Coughing attacks at night often occur due to bronchial asthma. It is accompanied by wheezing, stiffness of the chest and difficulty breathing.
The cause may be heart failure, in which there is shortness of breath and heart rate increases.
Acid reflux irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract with the contents of the esophagus and stomach, causing a night cough.
Treatment of dry cough in adults
A good alternative in the treatment of dry cough in adults are medicinal herbs and doses. In the pharmacy you can buy various nursing fees. Phyto tea also helps effectively in treatment. They are easy to use and pleasant to taste. The most effective herbs are: plantain, flax seeds, lime blossom, oregano and thyme. To relieve bronchial spasms, chamomile, valerian, and aura are soothing at night.
Good help and inhalation, which can be carried out at home. Sage, chamomile, thyme and mother-and-stepmother in equal parts, pour two liters of boiling water. Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil and soda. Cover yourself with a towel and breathe healing couples for ten minutes.
A tablespoon of viburnum should be cooked in half a liter of water. Then add honey and drink four times a day.
In a liter of milk, boil a finely chopped onion and three cloves of garlic. Then add the honey and drink every hour for half a glass until the dry cough disappears.
Pour a tablespoon of oat flakes with a lot of water and cook for thirty minutes. Drink honey four times a day.
In half a glass of lemon juice add two tablespoons of honey and one spoonful of glycerin. Take a teaspoon six times a day.
Spoon a tablespoon of sugar over the fire until it turns brown. Dissolve, and then drink a birch sap.
To get rid of cough, it is better to use several methods of treatment.
Dry cough in an adult medicine
For the treatment of dry cough used drugs of two types:
Means that suppress the patient's cough reflex. These include: codeine, oxeladin and ethylmorphine.
Medications that affect cough receptors. Effectively help: linkas, kodelak bronho and terpinkod.