Tetracycline ointment for the eyes is an antibacterial preparation of a wide spectrum of action. It is used in the complex treatment of conjunctivitis, trachoma, barley and other inflammatory diseases of the eyelids. The main effect of the drug is directed to the destruction of protein synthesis in bacterial cells. Thanks to this tetracycline has a strong bacteriostatic effect.
- 1Description of the preparation
- 2Pharmacological action and group
3Indications and contraindications in use
- 3.1In pregnancy
- 3.2To small children
- 4Possible complications caused by the drug
Description of the preparation
Tetracycline ointment is a substance of a yellowish or brown hue. The main active substance of the drug is the antibiotic tetracycline in a dosage of 1 gram per 100 grams of ointment. Additional components:
- Medical Vaseline;
- Mineral oil;
- Anhydrous lanolin.
Available in metal tubes with a capacity of 3, 7 or 10 grams, packed in cardboard boxes.
Tetracycline ointment for the eyes is applied only to the doctor's prescription. It can be purchased in a pharmacy without a prescription, but it is not recommended to use it for self-medication.
Before pouring ointment in the eyes, you should carefully wash your hands. After this, gently pull the lower eyelid and lay a small amount of ointment for it. According to the instructions, it can be used 3 to 5 times a day. (Similar instructions for Erythromycin Ointment).
If after 3 days of using tetracycline ointment painful symptoms do not decrease, you need to consult a doctor. It may be necessary to replace this drug with another, more effective in this case.
Do not use ointment longer than the recommended duration of treatment. This can lead to the development of such concomitant diseases as candidiasis and others. After application in some cases, the sharpness of vision may decrease. In this case, during the course of treatment it is not recommended to manage any complex mechanisms or vehicles. FROMrock storage ointments 2 years in a dry, cool place at and a temperature of 18 - 20 ° C.
Among the analogs are isolatedFloxal, Erythromycin, Ofloxacin. Among the eye drops that can be used in inflammatory processes on the eyes are also applied drops of Floxal, Ofloxacin, Levofloxacin, Okomistin.
The combination with such drugs as Erythromycin or Oleandomycin increases the effect of tetracycline ointment. The same effect is provided by preparations of the nitrofuran series.
Pharmacological action and group
Tetracycline ointment refers to the pharmacological group of bacteriostatic antibiotics. Tetracycline provides a violation of protein synthesis in cells of pathogenic microorganisms. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is the most effective against such bacteria as:
- Staphylococcus aureus;
- E. coli;
It acts on both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.
Tetracycline is not effective against fungal infections, viruses and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Indications and contraindications in use
The main indications for the use of tetracycline ointment in ophthalmology are:
Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye of various origin);
- Trachoma(infectious eye disease);
- Keratite(Infectious inflammation of the cornea of the eyes);
- Blepharitis(inflammation of the eyelids).
Also used in the treatment of trachoma and "barley". Do not use tetracycline ointment for eyes:
With individual intolerance of the drug components;
- In the treatment of fungal or viral diseases;
- Children under the age of 8;
- In pregnancy;
- During lactation.
You can not use tetracycline ointment, if there was an allergic reaction to antibiotics related to it: oxytetracycline or doxycycline. This increases the risk of allergy to tetracycline.
Tetracycline ointment can not be used at any time of pregnancy. This is due to insufficient knowledge of the effect on the fetus.
You can not use tetracycline ointment during breastfeeding. This is due to the ability of tetracycline to penetrate into breast milk.
To small children
Tetracycline ointment can not be administered to children under 8 years of age. This is associated with a risk of side effects. The danger of use in children is also that tetracycline has the property of accumulating in the teeth during eruption. This can lead to a change in the color of the enamel to a darker one in the future.
Possible complications caused by the drug
The use of tetracycline ointment can cause such side effects:
Hyperemia or redness of the skin at the site of application;
- Decreased visual clarity.
In rare cases, the occurrence of systemic allergic reactions:
- Quincke's edema;
- Rashes on the skin.
Long-term use of the ointment can cause a disruption of the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as fungal infections.
Tetracycline ointment is an antibacterial topical preparation. It has a pronounced bacteriostatic effect due to a violation of protein synthesis in cells of pathogenic microorganisms. It is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis, trachoma, blepharitis, as well as inflammation of the eyelids.
Most often this is the well-known "barley". In spite of the fact that tetracycline ointment is sold without a prescription, it is necessary to apply it only according to the doctor's prescription.