Complications of influenza

What complications may occur after the flu?

Beginning after the flu complications are much heavier than the disease itself. Exhausted by the infection, the body is no longer able to cope with the second wave of surging bacteria. And so very often complications from influenza become chronic diseases.

The problem of complications after the flu on the ears

What factors can contribute to the development of the disease?

So, the following are affected:

  • upper respiratory tract - otitis, sinusitis, sinusitis;
  • lungs - pneumonia, bronchitis;
  • nervous system - neuralgia, neuritis, meningitis;
  • cardiovascular system - heart attack, myocarditis, acute heart failure;
  • kidney and urinary tract - cystitis, pyelonephritis;
  • chronic diseases - exacerbations of diabetes mellitus, metabolic disorders, rheumatism, bronchial asthma;
  • brain - meningitis, arachnoiditis, stroke;
  • muscles - myositis.

Ear, throat, nose - the target for disease

Prevention of influenzaThe disease strongly suppresses immunity, and bacteria with weak body defenses begin to multiply at increased rates. In such conditions, acute painful phenomena appear in the organs of hearing. For example, otitis develops or worsens. A person begins to complain of ear pain, a headache in this area, it can be noted in the back of the neck and jaw. Sometimes there may be discharge from the ear and the formation of sulfur plugs. It is necessary to immediately contact the otolaryngologist. It is not permissible to engage in self-medication, as this can lead to deafness, then the doctor's help will no longer be needed.

Often this leads to non-compliance with the treatment plan and doctor's recommendations. In many cases, the disease is carried on the legs, bed rest is not observed. Self-medication also takes place, instead of appealing to specialists. The patient begins to feel an improvement from taking strong medications already on the second day, but this does not mean a victory over the virus. To be treated it is necessary a minimum of 7, and it is better 10 days. If this period is not sustained, a general malaise, weakness, a cough and a headache appear - these complications of the flu begin their attack.

The most common complication

The most common is postgripposis pneumonia (pneumonia). Its very simple to determine. After the main treatment there comes a period of relief, then there are such symptoms:

The doctor's consultation
  • sudden rise in temperature to 390С;
  • chills;
  • pain in the chest;
  • coughing;
  • skin rash;
  • sputum discharge or blood spitting.

To the doctor it is necessary to address necessarily.Success depends on the timely start of treatment.Often it is carried out in a hospital. Very many among the sick elderly people and children. This inflammation is not transmitted from person to person. It is caused by the activity of pneumococci. They are injected into the lung tissue with untreated influenza. By the nature of the course of pneumonia happens:

  • acute;
  • chronic.

Complications of the kidneys

Influenza and kidneys with urinary tracts. And in some cases complications are asymptomatic, and pathology can be detected only by urine analysis. Doctors - nephrologists are advised to try to take a urine test 10 days after any cold, and even more so the flu. This will help to identify problems at an early stage. Complications can be manifested by pain in the lower back, an increase in temperature, a decrease in the excretion of urine. High probability of pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, acute renal failure, cystitis.

Abundant drink for the prevention of complications after the fluIn the 20th century, influenza pneumonia often ended in death. With the invention of antibiotics, the situation has improved. These drugs have successfully dealt with bacterial inflammation in the lungs. But the appearance of a pneumonia of a viral nature, which antibiotics do not take, is dangerous, for a patient such a condition can become critical. The group of complications includes sinusitis. It is of a chronic and acute form.

Just the acute stage can develop after the flu. You can not attach importance to some painful manifestations, do not connect them with the effects of influenza. For example, with such complications your teeth hurt, the headache often gives to the root of the nose, can be accompanied by a feeling of raspiranyaniya and increase when you sneeze or cough. Do not allow the transition of the disease to a chronic form, it is very difficult to cure.

If the acute pneumonia lasts from several days to a month and ends with recovery, then the chronic all is much worse. It will torment the body, exhaust immunity and return. That's why you need to go through the full course of treatment for this disease, then to work on strengthening the body's defense systems. Otherwise, do not break out of the circle of diseases. Because having pneumonia in chronic form, the body is constantly in the stage of illness, albeit with muffled symptoms. It is not surprising that to such a person the flu will literally "cling". All conditions have already been prepared for this.

How the nervous system suffers

Especially dangerous is the damage to the nervous system in the flu.

Some possible complications after the fluIt can manifest itself in the form of neuralgia, radiculitis, polyneuritis. But the hardest thing is with arachnoiditis or meningitis. The disease begins on the 7th day, when the fever in the flu falls, you feel a recovery. Sometimes there is flashing "flies" before your eyes, nausea, dizziness, there is weakness, drowsiness. It seemed that this could be the consequences of intoxication after the flu, but this is arachnoiditis. There is a violation of the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, because of what begins the inflammation of the spider web of the brain. If you do not find it timely and do not take emergency measures, then a purulent infection (sepsis) is possible.

A very serious disease is meningitis. The weakening of the flu makes it even more difficult. The onset is characterized by a sudden headache, when the temperature has already decreased (on the 5th-7th day of the course of the flu). Then begins vomiting, not associated with food intake, photophobia. Headaches are not well tolerated, since they have bursting, bursting character. Appeal to the hospital is necessary, because the possible consequences are unpredictable. Influence on the nervous system can manifest itself in the neuritis of the facial nerve. There are neuralgia of the oculomotor or intercostal nerves. In severe cases, acute psychosis is possible.

Consequences for the cardiovascular system

Toxic damage to the cardiac muscle is accompanied by a rhythm disturbance (arrhythmia, tachycardia) or heart neuroses (rapid heartbeat, vague pricking in this area). Cardiovascular diseases are the most common pathology of our time, so the additional burden on the heart and blood vessels from the side of the flu is very serious. During the epidemic of the virus, mortality increases among patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease, especially among the elderly. Such diseases as myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) or pericarditis (inflammation of the pericardial sac) can begin in young people who have not previously complained of the heart.

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Where it is thin, there it is torn

The flu-like toxin affects the autonomic nervous system, this affects the condition of all internal organs. For example, in case of complications on the gastrointestinal tract, a peptic ulcer may become aggravated. After the flu, often exacerbation of chronic diseases. During epidemics, the number of heart attacks and strokes increases. Complications of patients with diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma are difficult.

In severe cases of influenza with high fever, there may be signs of encephalopathy. This is a whole complex of mental and neurological disorders, which is manifested by hallucinations and convulsive seizures. At this time, the brain and spinal cord are affected, and these are very serious complications in the flu.

What is dangerous myositis and what is it? This disease is accompanied by pain in the muscles of the arms and legs, the whole body. Unpleasant phenomena increase with any movement, tight knots begin to appear in the muscles. Soft tissues can swell and swell, the temperature rises. Often increases the sensitivity of the entire skin, which creates a permanent discomfort.

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How to avoid complications

In order to avoid complications, it is necessary:

  1. The treatment prescribed by the doctor is carried out to the end. Each drug acts at a certain concentration, so you can not stop taking medications, even if it's better.
  2. Abundant drink. You can use vitamin drinks, juices, fruit drinks. The liquid helps to dissolve and excrete the products of the vital activity of viruses, thereby purifying the body.
  3. Proper nutrition, as support for immunity. You need: fiber (porridge), vitamins (fruits, vegetables), support intestinal microflora (dairy products). You should limit the intake of fatty, fried, salty dishes.
  4. Mandatory strict observance of bed rest. This means that it is necessary to limit not only the movement, but also the viewing of telecasts, classes on the computer. All this irritates the nervous system, already exhausted by the virus.
  5. During all the days of illness, it is necessary to control, that is, to measure and record, the readings of temperature, pressure, pulse.
  6. Every 30 minutes gargle with a solution of furacilin or soda.
  7. After 10-12 days after the onset of the disease, pass urine and blood tests to trace the hidden forms of complications.
  8. Make an ECG to see how the disease affects the heart.
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Almost everyone knows what is dangerous about the flu. Its complications are manifold and affect all body systems. That is why it is important to realize the danger of the consequences of a viral infection. It is necessary to go through all the stages of treatment purposefully and patiently, to take measures that prevent the development of complications.

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Adverse effects and possible complications of influenza

The unfavorable consequences of influenza in the form of various kinds of complications arise when untimely, incorrect and incomplete treatment of the aforementioned disease. Under the flu is commonly understood acute damage to the respiratory system, which is of a viral nature. In this case, susceptibility to the effects of viruses persists in people of any age. The disease is very contagious and almost every year spreads to the state of the epidemic. The adverse effects after the flu can be extremely serious, even to the point of death. According to statistics, during the seasonal epidemics in the world, on average, about 300-500 thousand people die, whose organisms could not cope with disease - this state of affairs is most typical for underdeveloped countries that do not have the resources to provide proper medical service. Along with this, even without taking into account the lethal outcome, complications of influenza can be extremely unfavorable. You are invited to learn more about them.

The problem of the flu

Basic information on the dangers of influenza

As noted, the human respiratory system suffers the most from influenza. Along with this, the toxic effect of the virus can be subjected to all systems and organs. According to the location of the complications, the dangerous effects of influenza are classified into several main groups:

Possible complications after the flu
  • pulmonary complications. Often these are the following ailments and pathologies: lung abscesses, pleural empyema, pneumonia;
  • complications affecting the functioning of the cardiovascular system: myocarditis, pericarditis;
  • complications of ENT organs: tracheitis and otitis, rhinitis and sinusitis, etc .;
  • complications on the nervous system: neuralgia and neuritis, encephalitis, meningitis, etc .;
  • muscle disorders, etc.

In addition to all of the above, the flu can lead to an exacerbation of asymptomatically occurring diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

Next, you are invited to learn more about the information on dangerous complications of influenza.

Possible complications after the flu

Danger of influenza in pregnancy
  1. Pneumonia. One of the most common complications. As a rule, it develops as a secondary infection caused by staphylococci or streptococci. There are fewer cases of combined pneumonia caused simultaneously by bacteria and viruses. Even less often, primary viral pneumonia is diagnosed. This dangerous disease is characterized by a high level of fatalities. It develops when a person suffers from a highly pathogenic virus. The risk group includes patients with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. When a virus is damaged, there is a violation of the integrity of the walls of blood vessels that provide blood supply to the lungs, which provokes pulmonary hemorrhage and can lead to death.
  2. Complications of the cardiovascular system. Against the background of an infectious-toxic shock, there is an increase in the heart rate, the pressure may drop to critical levels. Complications are particularly characteristic of older people. Rare are the consequences, expressed in the form of diseases such as pericarditis and myocarditis. On the background of pericarditis, heart failure may develop.
  3. Complications that affect the organs of the ENT system. Against the background of intensive multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms in the respiratory tract, pronounced violations of the processes of airway cleansing from fine dust and other external inclusions are noted. In addition, influenza can lead to the development of various secondary infections, for example, otitis, sinusitis, rhinitis, etc. Complications in the form of otitis or rhinitis can result in inflammation of the brain.
  4. Complications that affect the nervous system. Influenza can cause an exacerbation of diseases that previously occurred without significant symptoms: hypotonic or hypertonic crisis, neuropsychiatric diseases, radiculitis and other neurological disorders. In this case, the virus-pathogen has the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier. This, in turn, can provoke damage to the meninges and walls of the cerebral vessels. The risk group includes patients who have suffered head injuries, concussions, and alcoholism. The result of such lesions is often such diseases as encephalitis, meningitis, etc.
  5. Complications of muscles and kidneys. The feeling of aching muscles is one of the characteristic signs of the flu. A similar condition can be noted and for some time after recovery, indicating the presence of myositis - an inflammatory process that affects skeletal muscles. Most often, these disorders are diagnosed in young patients. In this case, an increase in myoglobin concentration in the urinalysis can be noted, which indicates the presence of all the prerequisites for the development of acute renal dysfunction.
  6. Reye's syndrome. Quite a rare complication, diagnosed mainly in young patients who have been infected with influenza type B. It is a consequence of improper treatment of influenza with drugs that include acetylsalicylic acid. The disease is classified as acute encephalopathy, accompanied by edema of the brain and liver infiltration. To exclude the risk of this complication, high temperature in young patients is "knocked off" by paracetamol, but not aspirin.

Effects of influenza in pregnancy

Necessary prevention of influenzaDuring pregnancy, women are particularly sensitive to their health and developing within the fetus. It is important to understand that no one can give a 100% reliable answer regarding the issue of the child's defeat with the flu.One can only say that the most dangerous for the fetus is the flu during the first 12 weeks - it is for this period that the formation of the tissues and organs of the developing baby falls.After the completion of their bookmarking the child simply grows, therefore, the flu is no longer capable of causing significant damage to the processes of forming the structure of organs.

In general, statistics are not the most comforting: if after a mother suffered from influenza in the fetus there were significant deviations in development and formation, a specialist may propose termination of pregnancy. If the course of pregnancy after the influenza carried is maintained in a normal state, and no significant violations are detected during ultrasound, there is nothing to worry about with a high degree of probability.

If the viral disease was characterized by a very severe course and accompanied by complications, the risk of infection of the baby persists. Under similar circumstances, the use of the "triple test" is usually resorted to, according to the results of which the content of estriol, hCG and AFP is determined.

Along with this, the results of this diagnostic exercise are often not reliable, because indicators depend on many factors. In accordance with the indicators of the study (usually the test is given several times for greater confidence), specialist either concludes that there is no risk to the child, or appoints additional survey. In the course of additional examinations, a procedure called amniocentesis is performed.

The procedure for amniocentesis is reduced to the collection of amniotic fluid for research on various pathologies in the fetus. Before the appointment procedure, the doctor carefully examines the patient's condition in order to determine the probability the subsequent occurrence of complications - in 1% of cases there is a threat of premature delivery or miscarriage.

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In case of detection of pathology, the final decision on the fate of the fetus remains with the parents.

How to avoid complications: recommendations for patients

First, do not engage in uncontrolled self-management. Secondly, do not suffer the disease on your legs - strictly bed rest. Thirdly, do not try to "knock down" the temperature less than 39 degrees, if it does not cause you significant discomfort. Antipyretic drugs should be taken solely on the advice of a doctor. Fourth, drink more fluid - the body will be easier to remove toxins and other harmful substances.

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In due time address to the doctor, follow its or his references and be healthy!

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Complications after the flu

complications after the flu

FluIs a viral respiratory disease that belongs to the ARVI group (acute respiratory viral infections). To date, scientists have identified about 2000 varieties of the influenza virus, each of which, having got into the body, acts specifically. Without a laboratory analysis of sputum, it is impossible to distinguish influenza from other respiratory infections (adenovirus, rhinovirus), and their symptoms are similar in many respects. The most dangerous are complications - after the flu, transferred "on their feet" or persons with weak immunity, they make themselves felt especially often.

Complications after a flu on the lungs

Very often a secondary bacterial infection is attached to a viral infection, and as a result, pneumonia begins - pneumonia. Do not confuse it with viral pneumonia, when the disease develops lightning fast on the second day of influenza infection, differing in high mortality.

So, if after the flu is observed fever, chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath (or at least one of the symptoms), you need to see a doctor and examine the lungs.

Complications of influenza are often manifested in the form of bronchitis - inflammation of the bronchi, accompanied by a dry, painful cough.

It is especially strong in the mornings, with time the sputum of a mucus-purulent character begins, and attacks cause even more discomfort.

Complications after the flu on the ears

In addition to lungs and bronchi, a secondary bacterial infection can affect the nose and ears, causing respectively rhinitis and otitis.

When rhinitis, the discharge from the nose is first transparent, but after a few days they become mucous or purulent, have an unpleasant smell. The rhinitis does not stop, the nose is laid, the sense of smell is greatly reduced.

If rhinitis is not treated, the infection passes into the auditory tube (external otitis) or the middle ear (otitis media). Signs of this complication of the flu are pain (tingling) in the ear, which is strengthened by pressing on the tragus. Sometimes there are purulent discharge or itching.

Other complications

Influenza is most dangerous for children under 2 years old and elderly patients over 65 years of age. Complications are susceptible to those who suffer from chronic diseases.

If there is a chronic pyelonephritis, for example, then the risk of complications after the flu on the kidney is great.

complications of influenza

The virus worsens the course of diseases of the cardiovascular system, therefore, during the outbreak of epidemics, the number of myocardial infarctions and strokes increases. In addition, pericarditis or myocarditis can become a complication after the flu on the heart, even in healthy people. If after the illness pricks in the chest - you need to be examined.

Answering the question how to avoid complications of influenza, you need to focus on preventing self-medication and heroism. The patient is shown bed rest. Fight with flu antibiotics in no case it is impossible - they are powerless against the virus and are appointed only in case of attachment of a secondary bacterial infection.

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Complications of influenza in children

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Influenza for children is much more dangerous than a common cold. Every year, many children suffer from seasonal flu, and sometimes complications of the flu lead to death. What complications can a child have after the flu and how to reduce the risk of their occurrence?

Sad Facts about Influenza in Children

  • Children often need medical help after the flu, sometimes because of complications do not live up to 5 years.
  • Severe complications of influenza are most common in children under 2 years old.
  • Children with chronic health problems such as asthma, diabetes and brain or nervous system disorders are at particularly high risk of developing serious complications of the flu.
  • Each year, an average of 2, 00 children under the age of 5 years are hospitalized because of complications of influenza.
Sad Facts about Influenza in Children

Seasons of influenza vary in severity, but some children die from the flu every year. From 2003-2004 to 2011-2012, the number of child deaths ranged from 46 to 153 per year. In 2009, when the influenza pandemic H1N1 passed, from April 15, 2009 to October 2, 2010, there were 348 child deaths.

What are the symptoms of flu in children?

Symptoms of influenza in children are much more serious than cold symptoms. Symptoms of influenza in children start suddenly and usually cause a worsening of the condition within the first two to three days from the onset of the disease. Symptoms of influenza in children may include the following:

  • high temperature from 38 degrees Celsius
  • chills, baby shakes in fever
What are the symptoms of flu in children?
  • extreme fatigue
  • headache and aches all over the body
  • dry, hacking cough
  • sore throat
  • Vomiting and abdominal pain

If all these symptoms are manifested, you should immediately consult a doctor who will help prevent flu complications in children. Here are some of the most common ones.

Bacterial pneumonia in children

Bacterial pneumonia is the most common and serious complication associated with influenza B. Influenza virus can damage the lung surface in children, restrict breathing and increase the risk of bacterial infections, such as bacterial pneumonia.

Bacterial pneumonia occurs when harmful bacteria quickly enter the child's airways, causing swelling, fluid accumulation and inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs. Once the baby's lungs are filled with fluid, it can be difficult to breathe, which results in stitching pains in the chest, shortness of breath, fever and coughing.

Bacterial pneumonia can also be dangerous to life for the elderly and people with chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases.

Bacterial pneumonia in children

Encephalitis in children

A rare complication associated with influenza B is encephalitis. It usually occurs when the brain becomes inflamed as a result of viral infections such as influenza B. The reason for encephalitis is that the child's immune system is excessively stimulated in the fight against the influenza virus. Fever, headache are the first signs of a condition with encephalitis. Then there may be convulsions, confusion or loss of consciousness, drowsiness or coma. Encephalitis can affect people of all ages, but children younger than 7 years and adults over 55 are most susceptible to this infection.

Myositis in children

A frequent complication of influenza B, which primarily affects children, is myositis, or muscle inflammation. Symptoms of myositis - pain in the legs and muscles of the whole body, these pains often last from one to five days. Because of the influenza virus, the body muscles that are responsible for movement can become inflamed, which leads to muscle weakness and pain when walking or moving.

Reye's syndrome in children

A relatively small number of children and adolescents who recover from influenza B may develop a neurological disease called Reye's syndrome. This complication after the flu in children usually begins with nausea and vomiting and quickly progresses. Then the child may have confusion and nonsense.

What complications can a child have after the flu and how to reduce the risk of their occurrence?

Some children or adolescents may experience this condition after using aspirin to reduce the pain and chills associated with the flu. True, the percentage of these complications is low: less than three children with influenza, out of 10, 00 suffer from the syndrome Reye, but to avoid these conditions it is always helpful to consult a doctor before taking aspirin child.

Protection against complications of influenza in children - vaccination

The only best way to protect your children from the flu is to vaccinate each year.

Protection against complications of influenza in children - vaccination

The seasonal flu vaccine protects against three influenza viruses. Studies show which of them will be most common during the next season: influenza A (H1N1), influenza A (H3N2) and influenza B.

Each baby 6 months of age and older should receive an inoculation against seasonal flu in order to avoid complications. Children under the age of 5 years, as well as children of any age with a disrupted state of health, such as asthma, diabetes or a violation of the state of the brain or nervous system are at a higher risk of serious complications of influenza (for example, pneumonia).

This must be taken into account to prevent the risk of complications of influenza in children from six months to 18 years.

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Possible complications of the kidney after the flu

Complication of the kidney after the flu is not very common, but the seriousness of the resulting health problems does not allow to treat lightly.

The problem of complications in the kidney after the flu

Who is more prone to postgripposis complications

The prodromal period of influenza differs little from that occurring in any cold. A general malaise, a nasal congestion, and a headache appear and quickly build up. Weakness can be very significant. The temperature rises from subfebrile to high, heavily docking. Some complain about a feeling of "aches" in the body, pain in the muscles.

If a person has good immunity, strong health in the period before the flu, if he has no chronic pathologies and that luck on his side, he will get rid of a maximum of a week's fever, nasal congestion, headache and other symptoms of a general inflammation. Few days after recovery may be weakness, a sense of "brokenness discomfort in the lumbar region, which pass independently and are not considered complications.

This outcome of the flu is often, but not always. This disease is not only itself can be very difficult, but extremely dangerous for its complications.

Representatives of some social categories have a higher predisposition to a complicated flu. Among them - young children, people with severe concomitant diseases, pregnant, elderly.

In any case, no one should underestimate the seriousness of the ailment, which can cause life-threatening complications for almost all important body systems.

Inflammation of the nasopharyngeal mucosaFirst, it carries a direct risk of infection with a secondary infection. Considering the pronounced inflammatory condition of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx and the upper respiratory tract, the local immunity suffers. This increases the likelihood of a new infection.

Secondly, the flu toxins, getting into the blood, are carried throughout the body in a short time. And here everything depends on the immunity and the previous illness of the general condition of the internal organs. To imagine the rate at which toxic emissions reach the renal tissue, it is sufficient to take attention that through this body about 20% of the body's blood is filtered in just one period of one reduction heart.

With the addition of complications, the manifested symptoms will be specific for each specific secondary pathogen. However, the common feature is the appearance of a second fever wave after the relative weakening of the first. This is observed on the 3rd-7th day of the disease.

This may exacerbate chronic, long-term and untreated diseases.

There were kidney symptoms

If, without a specific reason, aching or drawing pain in the lower back or lower abdomen appeared, as if the kidneys were aching, there were small swelling in the wrists and ankles, and after a dream there is a slight swelling of the eyelids, which was not there before, then these symptoms should not be ignored. worth it. They indicate complications of influenza on the urinary system.

Cystitis is a symptom of kidney diseaseMost often joins jade (inflammation of the kidney parenchyma). The inflammation of the bladder (cystitis), the prostate gland (prostatitis) may become acute or appear for the first time. And already these diseases, being primary, can easily entail the further development of jade.

What to do in this case? To begin with, recognize that it is not just "something pulled or pinched in the side but that this is a manifestation of potentially very serious diseases. It is necessary to switch to a sparing kidney diet. It is useful to use folk recipes for kidney teas and decoctions. The general analysis of urine will be indicative. He will assess the presence of inflammation and will contribute to the proper administration of therapy.

The pain may not be just pulling, but sharp, intense and colicky in the region of the lower back and in the lower abdomen. It can be accompanied by painful urination in small portions. And the condition will be feverish, with chills.

In this case, it is permissible to take a warm bath, drink spasmolytics (no-spa, spasmalgon, etc.). If the pain does not pass within a few hours, then do not delay with a visit to the doctor. Perhaps this is not only a complication of the flu, but also the movement of kidney stones, which you previously did not even suspect. This means that a fundamentally different therapy will be prescribed.

If the pain stopped, then in a routine order, you should consult a doctor and at least make an ultrasound to exclude urolithiasis.

Inflammatory-infectious pyelonephritis

If the condition worsens, the temperature is high, the urine cloudy, the pain in the lower back is intense and does not go away, then we can assume a formidable complication - acute pyelonephritis. In this case, the patient also develop pronounced morning swelling under the eyes, nausea appears and does not want to eat anything.

In this case, you need to urgently call a doctor and go to a serious treatment with the mandatory use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and detoxification therapy.

Provoke pyelonephritis can and supercooling, and the attachment of a secondary bacterial flora, which was tropic to the tissue of the kidneys and their pelvis.

Treatment of pyelonephritis with antibioticsAcute pyelonephritis is an infectious-inflammatory disease of the renal parenchyma and its excretory system. It can easily go into chronic if there is no proper treatment. The latter is a sluggish disease, which can occur and primarily, bypassing the acute stage. Its consequence is sclerotic changes in the kidney parenchyma, hypertension and kidney failure. Acute pyelonephritis has a purulent form in 30% of cases.

The disease is severe, has its life-threatening complications. It leads to the formation of purulent foci in the kidney, which are accompanied by a severe condition requiring surgical treatment.

Complications of influenza on the kidneys can be increased blood pressure. It provokes this adrenal inflammation adherence. The fact is that the amount of arterial pressure is responsible, in particular, for renin secretion and adrenal hormone aldosterone. Disturbances in the work of these organs lead to an imbalance of the corresponding hormones.

Arterial pressure jumps to high values ​​are often the result of a neglected course of the post-infectious pathological process in the kidneys.

Other complications of the urinary system

Heart pain with complication of influenzaCystitis, inflammation of the bladder, is another disease of the urinary system, which is a fairly common complication after the flu. It appears unpleasant sensations of discomfort and rubbing in the lower abdomen and in the groin, intensifying with urination, frequent urge to urinate, urination in small portions. Infection in the absence of timely and full-fledged treatment can go up directly to the kidneys in an ascending way.

Perhaps joining to the flu of orchitis - inflammation of the testicles. It is manifested by severe pain in the scrotum with an increase in size and inflammation. All the shells of the testicle are involved in the process. The disease develops rapidly. With proper and timely treatment, the disease passes in a couple of weeks. In the absence of such pathology can lead to purulent complications of the testicles, their atrophic changes. Untreated orchitis on time can also cause jade.

Complications of influenza can affect the cardiac activity. Statistical studies have shown that about 15% of post-infectious complications occur in the heart. Patients may note discomfort or pain in the left half of the chest, a violation of the rhythm of the heartbeat, the appearance previously absent dyspnoea with exertion, edema on the legs, which, unlike renal, appear to in the evening. Myocarditis, which is provoked by the flu, in the absence of timely treatment can manifest itself for a very long time.

A common disease is postgrippoznaya pneumonia. It can be a consequence of both the direct action of the virus on the lungs and the attachment of a secondary bacterial infection. Viral pneumonia is especially difficult to treat.

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Complications of the nervous system and the brain are manifested by arachnoiditis, encephalitis.

Radiculitis, polyneuritis, Guillain-Barre syndrome are neurological and muscular complications.

Timely prevention and treatment of influenza, attentive attitude to their health and urgent measures against the development of chronic diseases will significantly reduce the postgrippos complications.

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Why complications after the flu on the ears and how to treat them?

Sometimes it happens that a person can get a complication after the flu on the ears. This happens for various reasons. It is better not to start the process, but immediately go to a doctor, an otolaryngologist, who will perform the diagnosis and prescribe the necessary medicine. After all, if you do not visit a doctor in time, the illness will reach the stage when a person can completely lose his hearing. This complication can lightly damage a human body and cause a heap of consequences. Therefore, one should know not only how to treat the disease, but also how to restrain itself from it.

The problem of complications after the flu on the ears

General information on the flu

Influenza is an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract. Often, almost every flu is called influenza, but this is not true, since similar symptoms have diseases such as rhinitis, pharyngitis, etc.

Influenza is transmitted by airborne droplets, that is, this virus can only get through the nose, mouth and go further into the bronchi. When a patient sneezes or coughs near healthy people, the smallest particles of sputum fly out, and nearby a person inhales this contaminated air. Soon he is also sick. But there is another way of infection - it's pin. It is not in vain to strongly recommend washing your hands after the street and not touching your face with dirty hands. The patient may sneeze, sneeze while covering his hands and transmit the virus while shaking hands. And then the scheme is simple. The second person could scratch his nose and inhale the virus that was on his hands during this.

The huge concentration of this virus is preserved in places with a large number of people: kindergartens, schools, cafes, shopping centers, etc.

High fever

As for the symptoms of the flu, they have long been known to everyone:

  • heat;
  • chills;
  • a sore throat;
  • stuffy nose;
  • cough;
  • nausea;
  • joint pain.

Often, flu is not a serious and serious illness. He can present a threat only if a person has diabetes, tuberculosis, heart problems, kidney failure.

What everyone should know about otitis

Sometimes it happens that after a flu in a person there is a feeling, as if laid down ears. This is a complication called otitis. Many believe that if the ear hurts, it's just it "blown cold wind." But you can get otitis in the summer. You can name a bunch of reasons for this complication:

  • SARS and influenza;
  • angina;
  • weak immunity;
  • runny nose.

Most often, this complication affects children at an early age.At them still weak enough immunity, and the chance to receive an otitis is very great. In infants this is observed most often, the transferred infection gives a complication on the ears.

Runny nose - the cause of otitis

The average otitis is divided into the following types:

  • catarrhal;
  • serous;
  • purulent.

After the flu most often occurs catarrhal. Infection by the respiratory tubes gets on the mucous membrane of the auditory tube and prevents it from moving on. The drum cavity is broken, and the air is gradually absorbed into the mucous membrane, the pressure decreases. This disease has another name - tubo-otitis.

It turns out that this disease is very insidious and can be asymptomatic, to switch from acute to chronic. If you do not notice it on time, then a person may have complications and lose hearing for good.

Symptoms of this ailment

Every disease has its symptoms and treatment. The main goal of the patient is to pay attention to it in time and visit a doctor. Since otitis can lead to hearing loss, you need to know the main symptoms of this complication, such as:

Bad sleep as a symptom of otitis
  • earache;
  • temperature;
  • insomnia;
  • edematous, red ear.

We will analyze all the symptoms in order and find out how it proceeds.

At the initial stage of the disease a person can complain that his ear hurts. It creates a feeling that it shoots in the ear. Pain is felt in the depth of the ear. Sometimes it can be drilling, stitching. It is painful for a person to swallow, sneeze, cough, and pain can be given to the jaw or throat. At night, pain often intensifies and disturbs the patient's sleep. It also creates the feeling that the ear has been laid, and the person may be slightly deaf.

The general condition of man is broken. He can feel weakness, headache, the temperature rises, the patient refuses to take food. Then, when examining the patient, you can see that the tympanic membrane is red and swollen. When you touch, there is a sharp pain. A child of up to a year can not explain what hurts him, so pay attention to the fact that the baby will have increased attention to his ears.

Eardrum rupture

In the second stage of the disease, the eardrum ruptures and pus can be released. This can be seen on day 2-3 of the disease. Gradually, the pain subsides, and the patient feels much better than a few days ago. The temperature drops to normal. Sometimes this gap can occur on their own, and sometimes not. The thick eardrum can not let the pus flow out more quickly. For this, a procedure such as paracentesis is done. The doctor makes a small puncture. If this procedure is done on time, then the recovery comes faster and the hearing returns to 100%. This rather simple and quick procedure will allow a person to avoid further complications after otitis.

And there comes the third stage, which is called regenerative. The patient can be observed improvement in general condition. Redness and swelling subsided, suppuration stops and the defect of the tympanic membrane closes. After 2, sometimes 3 weeks, the patient is already feeling great and hearing is fully restored to him.

Treatment of this disease

Referral to doctor for otitis

The treatment itself should be appointed by a special doctor who is engaged in this disease. Usually, the average otitis is treated with antibiotics. If the patient has a high fever, then do not forget to prescribe antipyretic medicines. To remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa and nasopharynx, vasoconstrictive drugs are needed, which are buried in the nose. In order to relieve severe pain in the ears, you need to apply drops-anesthetics. The doctor can also recommend warming compresses to the patient, washing with various antiseptic solutions, and also appoint several courses of physiotherapy.

Medical intervention (puncture) is required only in extreme cases and is done so that the infection does not penetrate the brain.

If the parents suspected the child of otitis, it is necessary to call a doctor. Before the arrival of a doctor, it is forbidden to warm your ear, drop various drops into it. The child in the ear can have a foreign object, and only the doctor can help by pulling it out with special tools. And if it is otitis, then it is necessary to carry out a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment. Nobody canceled the general recommendations of the doctor, such as bed rest, proper nutrition, the use of vitamins, which strengthen the immune system.

No matter how old a person is, prevention is always irreplaceable. It is recommended that you sometimes look to the doctor for an examination. He special device, which is called the otoscope, will determine the state of the tympanic membrane and see if there is an inflammatory process in it or not. In many children, acute otitis can quickly degenerate into a chronic, this disease is considered very dangerous. In order for this not to happen, the specialist puts the drainage tube and thereby prevents the manifestation of this disease in a chronic form.

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The main thing is to monitor your condition, the state of your child and loved ones, and then, with proper and complex treatment, no otitis is scary. And visiting every six months or a year of a specialist, you can completely forget about such complications after a flu or cold, like otitis media.

respiratoria.ru

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