How to treat dry rhinitis
A dry rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, in which allocation is extremely scarce or completely absent. The disease causes a lot of inconvenience: due to the violation of nasal breathing, night sleep becomes superficial, there is a headache, and the sense of smell suffers. Cope with such a runny nose can be for 7-10 days, but the treatment has its own characteristics.
You will need
- - humidifier;
- - antihistamines;
- - saline;
- - drops based on interferon;
- vasoconstrictor drops;
- - medicinal herbs.
- Address to the otolaryngologist. The specialist will help to find out the causes of the disease, depending on which tactics of treatment will be chosen. It can be an allergy, a viral infection, side effects from taking some medication drugs, curvature of the nasal septum, hypertrophy of the nasal mucosa or simply reaction todryair. In some cases, therapeutic treatment can not do, so it is better to immediately, without losing time, exclude such diseases.
- The basis of therapeutic treatment is the moistening of the mucous membrane. Rinse the nasal passages with saline or a solution of common, or better - sea salt. Use an air humidifier. At the height of summer or in winter, during the heating season, it helps to quickly eliminate the dryness of the nose and cope with the stuffiness. Often ventilate the room, do wet cleaning.
- If the cause of dry rhinitis in allergies, exclude contact with a substance to which the body experiences increased sensitivity. Take antihistamines, use special sprays for the nose.
- If the cause of a dry rhinitis is a virus, bury in the nose of funds based on interferon, for example, "Grippferon". A good alternative to them are antiviral immunomodulating drops "Derinat" and other drugs that have a similar effect.
- Bury the vasoconstrictive drops to facilitate nasal breathing. They do not healdryrunny nose, but help to eliminate the consequences that it causes (headache, insomnia, nasal voice, etc.).
- Bury in the nose broths of herbs. Well help chamomile, nettle and marigold. Carry out procedures 4-6 times a day. And in a few days you will feel much better.
Anterior dry rhinitis: causes, symptoms and treatmentWith such a phenomenon as rhinitis or simply a common cold, a large number of adults and children face daily. This nonspecific acute or chronic inflammation occurring in the mucous membrane of the nose, can cause a lot of inconvenience and spoil the mood. Anterior dry rhinitis is one of the forms of the common cold, it arises in the anterior parts of the nasal cavity and is localized most often in the region of the nasal septum. Than to treat a dry rhinitis and how to prevent the repeated development of the disease?
Causes of dry rhinitis
There are many reasons for the development of this form of rhinitis, the most common are:
- prolonged and regular stay in dusty premises or in gassy areas;
- work with cement, dyes, chromium, arsenic, ammonia and other chemicals that can cause irritation of the tissues of the nose;
- invasive operations of the nasal cavity;
- radical resection of the nasal septum or nasal concha.
The cause of dry rhinitis in a child often become sharp climate changes, frequent rhinitis of any nature, in adults - a prolonged course of occupational disease. Often, the cause of dry rhinitis development is ENT surgery and transferred infectious diseases.
Symptoms of dry rhinitis in babies and adultsOne of the main symptoms of dry rhinitis is a feeling of dryness and constriction in the nose, accompanied by the formation of greenish crusts on the surface of the mucosa. These crusts cause discomfort and a desire to get rid of them more quickly and if you do it wrong, without preliminary softening of these formations, the probability of occurrence of frequent minor nasal bleeding.
In addition, the symptoms of dry rhinitis, which are often noted in patients, are a decrease in smell and difficulty breathing, occasionally an increase in temperature. There may also be an itch in the nasal cavity and a nasal voice appears.
Permanent trauma to the epithelial tissues of the nasal cavity can lead to infection of surfaces with pathogens. When performing a rhinoscopy in patients, a significant thinning of the mucosa and atrophic processes of the nerve endings located in it are found.
If effective treatment is not available for a long time, in the nasal septum, namely in its anterior department, begins to develop an atrophic process, which often becomes the cause of perforation of the cartilaginous tissue. When it develops, the patient has a special whistling sound, which is distinguishable when inhaled.
Most often, dry anterior rhinitis is diagnosed in the female and occurs in most cases in the puberty period. However, a dry rhinitis in the baby is not very common, but it is still diagnosed and requires careful treatment.
Than to treat a dry rhinitis in children and adults
The main goal of therapy is the elimination of aggressive factors affecting the nasal mucosa.
Therefore, before starting treatment, the patient is recommended to change the profile of professional activity, the place of work or the environment in which he "lives" most of the time.
In the event that complete elimination of the effects of harmful factors can not be achieved, it is necessary to maximize reduce the time of contact with harmful substances and without fail use the means of individual protection.
Conservative treatment of symptoms of dry rhinitis consists of the following stages:
- systematic use of local antibiotic drugs;
- regular irrigation of the surface of the nasal mucosa with saline solution;
- mandatory use of special alkaline solutions to remove crusts;
- introduction of nasal streptomycin and glucose in glycerin into the nasal cavity;
- reception of potassium iodide in tablet form.
Conservative treatment of anterior dry rhinitis should first of all be aimed at softening formed crusts and painless and safe (without mucosal injuries), their removal from the epithelial surfaces.
Drugs for the treatment of dry rhinitis
Most often dry rhinitis is treated with antibiotics from a series of cephalosporins of III and IV generations, carbapenems, fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides.Only an attending ENT doctor can prescribe an antibiotic after carrying out laboratory studies of the biomaterial taken from the nasal cavity.
A good result is the use of such drugs as "Ciprofloxacin "Amikacin" and "Rifampicin". In local therapy, antibiotics: "Acetylcysteine" "Estradiol" and "Chloramphenicol".
Locally for the relief of breathing, vasoconstrictive drugs are used, for example, "Naphtizine" and "Tizin" The ideal variant are combined preparations with addition of oils, allowing to make crusts more soft. The type of preparation and its dosage should be determined by the doctor.
In addition, ultrasonic radiation is used to treat dry rhinitis, nasal mucous membranes are treated with iodine glycerin solution, tincture of mint, sage, or chamomile. Sometimes electrophoresis with the use of nicotinic acid is allowed, followed by oil inhalations. If there is no positive dynamics, the patient is shown surgical treatment.
Treatment of a dry rhinitis on average lasts 7-10 days, provided all the prescriptions of the doctor are observed.Accelerate and facilitate the process of recovery will help comply with the following rules:
- The room in which the patient is located should be ventilated frequently;
- regularly conduct wet cleaning and eliminate accumulated dust;
- When working in dusty or gassy areas, use personal protective equipment.
In addition, it is worth taking care to maintain the humidity at the right level to avoid drying out the nasal mucosa.
Symptoms and treatment of dry rhinitis
Most often, anterior dry rhinitis is manifested in people with a reduced protective function of the body. The main category of patients in this case are children, since their immunity is only developing and forming.
Dry rhinitis, the symptoms of which differ from the common cold, is a disease with atrophic drying processes of the nasal mucosa. The reasons for it can be very diverse.If you do not make a diagnosis in time and do not start treatment, then dry rhinitis can go to sharp.In some cases, the development of sinusitis. The most common dry rhinitis occurs in children.
Symptoms of dry rhinitis
This disease is accompanied by such signs:
- severe dryness in the nasal passages;
- shortness of nasal breathing;
- complete loss of smell;
- there is a constant nasal congestion;
- it is impossible to completely blow your nose.
Some patients suffering from dry rhinitis complain of a foreign body sensation in the nasal cavity. Also, they are constantly worried about itching and burning. If you do not conduct timely treatment of dry cold, then the disease will go to a serious stage. It is possible to destroy the nasal cartilage and create a hole in the septum.
Drug treatment for dry rhinitis
For each type of rhinitis, there is a specific treatment. Due to the fact that the main symptoms of this disease are dryness and swelling of the nasal passages, dry coryza therapy has its own peculiarities.
First of all, the doctor prescribes drugs that have a moisturizing effect on the mucous membrane.
It is advisable several times a day to wash the nose with a solution of sea salt. It can also be replaced by a stone one. In addition, it is necessary to ventilate the room and humidify the air.When allergic dry rhinitis is recommended to use anti-allergenic drugs. It is necessary to determine the source of irritation and get rid of it. If the snot appeared as a result of a viral infection, then the treatment is carried out by means containing interferon and laferobion. In this case, complex therapy of the disease will also be appropriate.
Sometimes a kid with dry rhinitis can complain of headaches. Also, the child may have a lack of sound sleep. With these symptoms, you need to use a drop with a vasoconstrictor effect.
With a dry rhinitis, you must regularly clean the nasal mucosa. If a small child is ill who can not cope with this procedure on his own, it is advisable to use special respirators. Cleansing should be done strictly on the advice of a doctor and carefully. If the procedure is performed incorrectly, complication of otitis media is possible.
Treatment with folk remedies
If you are prejudiced against chemist's drugs, then you can use the recipes of traditional medicine. They are quite safe and have a good effect. Such indicators are very important for a young child. The most popular remedy for the treatment of dry rhinitis is aloe juice. It must be digested 3-4 times a day. Sometimes a burning sensation may appear, but after a while the puffiness begins to subside and it becomes much easier to breathe through the nose.
The juice of red geranium and calendula proved to be good as antiseptics. Therefore, a good effect is the washing of the nasal passages with a means of water, sea salt and with a slight addition of the calendula tincture. In some cases, it can be replaced with an extract from the eucalyptus.
Rhinitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
We all get colds. Each of us at least once in life has suffered rhinitis, the symptoms of which are known to everyone, although some may not even realize that this disease has such a name. In a philistine environment, rhinitis is more commonly known as a runny nose.
It's no secret that most people endure this disease "on their feet not paying due attention to the treatment of the disease. But in vain. It has long been known that rhinitis as a separate, independent disease is infrequent. Traditionally, it is either a symptom of another, more large-scale disease, or a consequence of an illness whose therapy was not entirely adequate or not carried out at all.
Rhinitis is a large group of diseases characterized by difficulty breathing through the nose, dulling of the sense of smell, secretions, discomfort in the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, with general discomfort. There are the following types of ailment:
- Acute and subacute.
Symptoms: breathing through the nose becomes uncomfortable (obsessive desire to breathe through the mouth, otherwise there is pronounced rest), edema of the nasal mucosa, unpleasant perspiration and scratching sensations in the nasopharynx, headache, malaise, weakness, drowsiness, impaired sense of smell, elevated (slightly) temperature body. Watery eyes, nasal discharge first liquid, mucous, transparent, then become more viscous, their color changes to greenish-yellow. The disease lasts a fortnight or two weeks.
Acute rhinitis in the baby
Symptoms are the same as in an adult. Children do not attach importance to discomfort, so at an early stage of the common cold we adults do not seem to notice it, and only when the droplets flow, there is no doubt. Whatever the type of rhinitis, the symptoms and treatment are usually similar.
Treatment of rhinitis begins with the setting of the correct diagnosis. Acute rhinitis is a symptom in itself, and most often it manifests itself as a sign of acute respiratory viral infection or acute respiratory disease in the initial stage. Therefore, first the underlying disease is treated. But to facilitate nasal breathing, use either standard dosage forms based on, for example, xylometazoline, possessing vasoconstrictive action, or resort to folk medicine, applying the juice of Kalanchoe, Centennial, onion or garlic, beets. Whichever juice you decide to use, do not forget that it must be properly prepared and must be diluted, otherwise you risk a cold rhinitis to complicate the burn with a mucous nose.
When treating the ailment in question, it is necessary to wash the nasal cavity with saline solutions. This also reduces the mucosal edema and alleviates nasal breathing. A solution is better to make from sea salt, but if there is not one, the usual cookery will do. Such funds can be bought in a ready-made form in pharmacies.
Always remember that vasoconstrictive sprays and drops can not be used for more than three days. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting medical vasomotor rhinitis, which is very difficult to eliminate. In addition, the treating doctor, depending on the severity of the course of the disease, can prescribe antibiotics, ointments, antihistamines, vitamins, physiotherapy.
Chronic (dry) rhinitis: causes
Dry rhinitis is a type of disease characterized by a protracted (chronic) course. Such a disease occurs most often as a reaction to changing weather conditions. Also, in the list of causes of its occurrence, it can be noted such as a non-standard cold cure (persistent ARVI, ARI), the consequences of various surgical interventions in the nose.
Symptomatic of chronic manifestations
If the patient has dry rhinitis, the symptoms of the course are the following: a constant strong tightness and dryness in the nose, absence of smell, difficulty breathing through the nose, feeling full of the nose when impossible blow your nose. A frequent sign of dry rhinitis is nosebleeds. With an instrumental examination, the doctor can detect an enlargement of the nasal cavity with accumulated mucus secretions. It will be appropriate to note that with such problems as atrophic rhinitis and dry rhinitis, the symptoms are very similar.
Elimination of chronic (dry) rhinitis
Treatment of dry rhinitis is to identify the causes that cause it, and their exclusion. Also, to reduce the severity of symptoms and to completely eliminate them, it is necessary to constantly air several times a day a room, and regularly do wet cleaning in the room. To reduce dryness in the nose, you need to use solutions for moisturizing and washing the mucosa.
So, dry rhinitis is a chronic rhinitis, the symptoms and treatment of which depend to the greatest extent on the causes that caused it.
Allergic rhinitis is a chronic pronounced inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by an allergic reaction of the body (ie, hypersensitivity to to any allergenic substance), manifested in the form of nasal congestion, lacrimation, itching in the nose, frequent sneezing, serous-mucous discharge from the nasal moves.
The cause of allergic rhinitis is always the same - getting the allergen into the body through the nose, eyes, mouth. It should be noted also the propensity to various types of allergies, inherited.
Most common are allergens:
- dust of any origin - all year round;
- pollen from plants (any) - a seasonal phenomenon;
- foodstuffs, medicines, perfumery, cosmetics, detergents, household chemicals, etc. - all year round;
- dust microscopic pliers, dust with microscopic particles of peeling skin of domestic animals, birds - all year round;
- Spores of fungi that are in the air - all year round;
- there is an allergic reaction to ARVI, acute respiratory disease, helminthiases - on the fact of the disease.
Allergic rhinitis. Symptoms:
- itching sensation in the nose;
- feeling of stuffiness;
- frequent and persistent attacks of sneezing;
- severe serous or mucous discharge from the nose.
When allergic rhinitis occurs in children, the symptoms are most often similar to atopic dermatitis.
How to eliminate allergic rhinitis
Treatment of allergic rhinitis begins with the detection of the presence of an allergic reaction in the body. To do this, it is best to donate blood (from the vein) to determine the level of a specific immunoglobulin (E). After the analysis confirms the presence of an allergy, you need to determine the allergen or allergens that cause this unpleasant condition.
If the patient has allergic rhinitis, the symptoms and treatment depend not even on one type of allergens, but on their totality. Sometimes it happens that after a detailed examination the doctor comes to the conclusion that an allergic reaction can be only in case of a combination of any factors or substances. That is, individually they do not lead to an allergic reaction, but in the complex - 100%!
The first and main requirement of the attending physician is the elimination of the identified allergens from your life. This is very difficult. After all, a kind of allergen can become your favorite dog or cat, perfume, dress... Then a suitable conservative treatment is prescribed, involving the administration of antihistamines, corticosteroid, restorative and those recommended for symptomatic treatment. There are other ways of treating allergic rhinitis, alternative to the conservative method, but it is better to find out about them from the appropriate specialist.
Note that allergic rhinitis must be treated. The consequences of neglected allergic rhinitis are extremely unpleasant. This is at least permanent colds with complications in the form of otitis, sinusitis, sinusitis. As a maximum - bronchial asthma.
By the way, allergic rhinitis (symptoms in children are almost the same as in adults) in children a frequent precursor of an allergic rhinitis - allergic exudative diathesis.
Conclusion: the allergic form of the disease is a chronic rhinitis, the symptoms and treatment of which depend on the quantity and quality of the irritant allergens and the heredity of the sick person.
Features of vasomotor rhinitis
Vasomotor rhinitis is a classic chronic disease caused by abnormal regulation the tone of the blood vessels in the nasal mucosa, which leads to a decrease in the mechanical patency of the nasal moves. The main cause of the development of the disease is a violation of the functions of the vegetative system (vegetative-vascular dystonia). It belongs to the diseases of general practice and is, in fact, a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system.
In addition to the presence of vegetative-vascular dystonia, the presence of which a person who is ill may not know, there are a number of reasons that contribute to the development of vasomotor rhinitis:
- recently transferred ARVI;
- inhalation of dirty gassed air, chemicals with sharp odors, tobacco smoke;
- differences in the temperature regime of the air (in the cold season when leaving the room on the street);
- inhalation of cold air during the period of acute respiratory infections or ARI;
- psychological and physical stress;
- diseases and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract;
- trauma to the nose, causing mechanical obstruction or obstruction of the nasal passages;
- anatomical and physiological disorders of the structure of the nose;
- failures in the endocrine system;
- reception of hypotension;
- abuse of vasoconstrictor.
Often, vasomotor rhinitis has more than one cause and is associated with an allergic type of disease, so it is extremely difficult to establish the true problem of its occurrence. In such cases, it is called idiopathic rhinitis.
Depending on the reason for the appearance of vasomotor rhinitis, the symptoms will vary slightly. There are always several signs, but it is not necessary that they are all present in one person.
Vasomotor rhinitis - symptoms, treatment
- Nasal congestion in periods, under certain conditions, increasing (changing climatic conditions, lying down, during any physical activity or after it, while drinking alcohol).
- Nasal congestion is often noted from one side or the other.
- Serous-mucous discharge from the nasal cavity. May be permanent or intermittent, depend on the availability of a particular factor or a combination thereof.
- The flow of nasal secretions to the back wall of the pharynx, often after sleep.
- Attacks of sneezing.
- Speaking "in the nose."
- Weak smell.
Stages of treatment of vasomotor rhinitis:
- identification and elimination of factors that caused the disease;
- treatment of the digestive system;
- if necessary, surgical intervention aimed at eliminating the mechanical obstruction of the nasal passages;
- regular exercise without stress (for example, running) to improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system;
- activities aimed at strengthening the body and improving immunity, for example, contrast shower, foot baths or hands (according to the principle of contrast shower).
- irrigation of nasal passages to solutions of sea or table salt;
- use of sprays with corticosteroids for prolonged courses with a gradual rejection of vasoconstrictive drugs (with medicamentous vasomotor rhinitis);
- use of antiallergic drugs, including sprays;
- vasomotor rhinitis, the symptoms of which are most clearly expressed by the abundant mucous discharge from the nose, treated with special sprays that reduce these secretions (active ingredient - ipratropium bromide).
According to the indications, appoint:
- Physiotherapeutic procedures
- Alternative therapies, such as acupuncture.
- Nasal blockades with hydrocardisone - a temporary relief of the condition due to the creation of a hormonal depot in the tissues of the nasal concha. This method can lead to serious complications.
- Surgical methods - minimally invasive interventions in the area of vascular plexuses of shells.
We examined the vasomotor rhinitis. Symptoms and treatment depend primarily on the reasonably established cause of this disease.
Characteristics of atrophic rhinitis
Atrophic rhinitis is one of the types of chronic rhinitis, in which the mucous membrane of the nasal passages, septa and shells becomes thinner and becomes denser. In view of this, the nasal passages expand. This characteristic is the determining factor when differentiating this chronic rhinitis from others.
Atrophic rhinitis is almost always a consequence of other diseases: from radical surgery to severe infections. Other reasons for the development of atrophic rhinitis (those that are less common) include heredity, adverse or harmful environmental conditions, iron deficiency in the body.
Medical research has already established the relationship between atrophic rhinitis and active atrophic processes in other organs and systems of the body, which are an indispensable condition for the appearance of the ailment in question as a consequence of the underlying disease.
When atrophic rhinitis occurs, the symptoms are generally very similar to the clinical signs of dry rhinitis, and at the initial stage they can be confused, but when the progression of atrophic processes of the nasal mucosa necessarily involves the so-called extension of the nasal passages, characteristic only for this form disease.
At this stage of the course of atrophic rhinitis, the sense of smell weakens. When examining the nasal cavity by the method of a rhinoscopy, a dry mucous membrane is found, a matte shell of pale pink color with insignificant crusts of yellow-green color. Especially strong thinning of the mucous membrane is noted in the septum of the nose (in its anterior lobe). Distinguish simple atrophic rhinitis (limited) - causes damage only to the front lobes of the shells of the nose, and diffuse (affects the entire cavity).
Treatment of atrophic chronic rhinitis
The main goal of therapy is to reduce the formation of crusts with the elimination of putrefactive odor. Intranasal administration of antibiotics (spray), as well as estrogens and vitamins A and D. The latter can also be taken orally - they increase the liquefaction of secretory mucosal discharge. Also use an ointment alkaline three-percentage.
Operative treatment is reduced to blocking (or narrowing) the nasal passages with the help of delicate synthetic implants (such as polyurethane) or without them, in an operational-instrumental way. These measures are also aimed at reducing the formation of crusts and obstructing the flow of air entering the nasal cavity and further drying the thinned nasal mucosa.
How to be protected from ailment
Prevention of any type of rhinitis is to strengthen the nonspecific defense of the body, increase the activity of the immune system. In addition, doctors recommend, especially in the season of the maximum increase in the number of diseases of ARVI and ARI, Always wash your nose, moisten the mucous membrane with special drops and sprays of salt solutions.
The fact is that the very purpose of the mucosa is protection. It is thanks to the normal operation of the nasal mucosa that the air coming from the outside, warmed to the desired temperature, moistened before it enters the trachea, bronchi and lungs. In the same place, in the nasal cavity, viruses and bacteria, particles of dust initially trapped by airborne droplets are delayed. Take care of your nose, and no rhinitis, symptoms of the disease or even just a hint of a runny nose will not bother you.