Causes of dry cough without fever in adults
In our time it is difficult to find an adult or a child who would not cough at least once a day. Zagazovannost large cities and megacities, harmful emissions of industrial enterprises, a lot of different infections - living in a city about clean air can only dream of.
The human respiratory system is so arranged that when penetrating into the bronchi and lungs of infectious agents, allergens, dust, etc., due to irritation of the respiratory tract receptors, a cough occurs.
With its help, the tracheobronchial tree is cleansed of external and internal irritating agents, such as pus, mucus, sputum, blood or from foreign bodies - pollen, dust, food particles. The role of the cough is to prevent mechanical obstructions and cleanse the respiratory tract from sputum or other substances.
When a person has caught a cold and contracted a viral respiratory disease - the clinical picture is clear, the person rises high fever, runny nose, cough, tear, weakness and other symptoms of intoxication, characteristic of these diseases. In these cases, the cause of dry cough is clear. And how to understand why there is a cough without temperature in an adult or a child?
Many believe that cough is caused only by respiratory diseases, however, a prolonged dry cough may be a symptom of such serious diseases like heart failure, oncological diseases of the mediastinal organs, certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sinusitis, sinusitis. The table below shows the symptoms and diagnosis of certain diseases that are characterized by a dry cough without fever or with a temperature of 37 ° C.
Cough and runny nose without fever
- With colds
may cause catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, runny nose, cough without body temperature or 37-3,. With such types of Orvy, the throat may not bother, but a common cold, cough without fever is characteristic. If the cough does not go away within 3 weeks after the onset of SARS, you should consult a therapist.
- Allergic reaction
on various flowering plants in an apartment or on the street, an allergy to dust is also accompanied by a dry non-productive cough, an allergy to pet hair, pet food or animal care products, a similar reaction is possible for perfumery and cosmetic products facilities.
Even in carpets and bedding there are a lot of allergens, which can be inadequate reaction of the body, which is expressed by dry cough and runny nose without temperature. Also, the massive use of various household chemicals, unsafe detergent powders with surfactants over 35% all this can affect the state of the respiratory system and manifest as a cough and runny nose without temperature.
- Post-infection cough
after acute infectious or viral inflammation of the respiratory tract cough with perspiration, coughing, feeling tickling or agitation, can last up to 3 weeks, and just unpleasant sensations and a rare coughing is possible before, months.
Dry prolonged cough without fever
Stressful situations, nervous shocks, experiences can provoke a dry cough - this is called psychogenic cough, when a person worries, gets lost or embarrassed, he can cough up.
- Also, for a long time in a room with dry, dusty air, irritation in the respiratory tract may appear.
- Oncological diseases
If a prolonged severe dry cough without fever lasts more than a month, you should consult a therapist, pulmonologist, allergist, oncologist, phthisiatrist for the passage of a thorough diagnosis, since the diseases that cause incessant cough are very many - tuberculosis, lung cancer, bronchial cancer, trachea, throat.
- Heart Disease
Cardiac cough should be distinguished, for example, from the cough of a smoker or a bronchial cough. Such a cough occurs after physical activity and there is no sputum, however, sometimes with acute cardiac disease, bloody discharge after a dry cough is possible. This is due to the malfunctioning of the left ventricle, when the lungs are stagnant blood and its secretion with a cough. The person besides the cough is disturbed also by palpitation, and a short wind, and pains in the field of heart and so forth.
- Chronic diseases of ENT organs
often with chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, frontalitis, sinusitis due to the flow of mucus from the nose along the back wall of the throat, there may be a cough without temperature, it is concomitant and not associated with lower respiratory ways.
a prolonged dry cough, a temperature of 37-3, indicates a possible tuberculous process in the lungs or bronchi. To date, the situation of tuberculosis is very tense, even among people of high social status, the development of this formidable disease, persistent stressful situations, overfatigue, inadequate rest reduce the defenses of the body and since 90% of the population by the age of 30 is infected with a stick of Koch, provoking factors can lead to the activation of the mycobacterium in organism.
- Thyroid gland diseases
with a nodular or diffuse increase in the thyroid gland, pressure on the trachea occurs, causing a dry cough without temperature in adults.
- Some diseases of the digestive tract
can also cause a dry cough without fever, a reflex cough after eating in the case of an esophageal-tracheal fistula, reflux esophagitis, and esophageal diverticulum.
- If foreign matter enters the respiratory tract.
|Name of the disease||Characteristics of cough and other symptoms||Body temperature||Diagnostics|
|Some types of ARVI||Cough is first dry, then it becomes wet with sputum secretion||The temperature may not be or may be low-grade 37-3,||Examination of the therapist, pediatrician, general blood test|
|Chronic bronchitis, smoker's bronchitis||Chronic coughing is usually deaf, especially attacks in the morning, in the cold, when inhaling gassed or smoky air. With prolonged chronic bronchitis, sputum may be purulent.||With exacerbation or acute bronchitis, the temperature usually rises, especially with acute bronchitis in children, but with chronic temperature there is not or 37 with little.||Radiography of the chest, examination of the therapist, a general blood test, bacterial sputum culture on the sensitivity to antibiotics in the case of purulent sputum.|
|Chronic frontitis, sinusitis, rhinitis||For such diseases is characterized by frequent dry cough, especially at night.||In acute sinusitis and frontal sinusitis, the temperature is high, but with a chronic process, a cough and a temperature of 37 or normal||Examination with an otolaryngologist, an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses of the nose|
|Oncological diseases of the mediastinum||With oncological diseases cough can be dry, debilitating||Without temperature||Examination at a pulmonologist, oncologist - X-ray, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, blood test, oncomarker, etc.|
|Tuberculosis||Persistent cough with sputum or sparse phlegm, weakness, decreased appetite and performance, night sweats, chills.||The temperature is normal in the morning, by evening usually low-grade 37-3,||Chest x-ray, Computed tomography, tuberculin tests, phthisiatric consultation.|
|Professional cough||Appears in people working in hazardous manufacturing plants, when in the air many different chemicals, dust, such a cough is dry, exhausting without sputum||Without temperature||Inspection of the therapist, pulmonologist, X-ray of the lungs to exclude other pathologies.|
|Allergic reactions, allergic bronchitis||Cough is dry, without phlegm, in the form of perspiration, irritation, occurs after contact with the allergen - animals, dust, plant pollen, fluff, feather, wool, household chemicals, perfumes, washing powders.||Without temperature||Consultation of an allergist, immunologist|
|Heart failure, rhomboembolism of the pulmonary artery, heart defects,||A dry, prolonged cough without fever occurs after physical exertion and is strengthened in the prone position, but after the adoption of the vertical position it weakens. It is accompanied by shortness of breath, palpitation, high blood pressure, sometimes there are attacks of suffocation.||Without temperature||First, consult a therapist, then a cardiologist.|
|Lungs' cancer||In addition to dry coughing, people are concerned about chest pains. In the long-term process, dry cough can be accompanied by periodic sputum discharge with pus or blood.||Dry cough, temperature 37-3, or it may not be||Consultation of the oncologist-chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, general blood test, oncomarkers, etc.|
|Throat cancer||Signs of throat cancer, larynx in this disease is characterized by dry cough without temperature, not amenable to treatment, as well as possible shortness of breath, as the laryngeal lumen narrows. Sputum can be with blood, also blood can be in saliva and mucus from the nose.||Without temperature or 37-3,||Consultation of an otolaryngologist, oncologist.|
|Use of certain medicines||These drugs include: drugs for hypertension, ACE inhibitors, nitrofurans, beta-blockers, aspirin, amiodarone, Inhalation drugs-beclomethasone, ipratropium bromide, are able to cause a cough without temperature, chronic unproductive.||Without temperature||Tell the cardiologist about the drugs that you take and that they cause a cough.|
|Pneumonia in the elderly||It is very rare, but there are cases when pneumonia occurs without a temperature or with a slight unobtrusive increase, usually it is typical for the elderly, while, in addition to coughing, chest pains, weakness, loss appetite.||Pneumonia sometimes occurs without high fever with a strong cough, especially in weakened and elderly people.||Address to the therapist, chest X-ray, a general blood test.|
If a person is worried that he has a severe dry cough without fever and other symptoms of colds, he suffers from attacks of dry cough for a long time, do not delay the visit to therapist.
- First of all, one should be alerted and analyze when most often there are coughing attacks - if this is related to the quality of the inhaled air, the presence of new furniture, fresh repair in the apartment or the appearance of an animal, woolen or fur clothing, other clothes of poor quality - it is most likely a defensive reaction of the broncho-pulmonary system to toxic substances in dyes, plastics, particle boards, mattresses, carpets, etc. household items or an allergic reaction to wool, fur, fluff, feather, etc.
- If the cough is only at a certain time - only in the morning, most likely it is chronic bronchitis. If on the contrary, only at night or in a horizontal position - a heart cough, cough with diseases of ENT organs. If during a meal - it can be a cancer of the throat, larynx, gastrointestinal tract.
- Pay attention to the color, amount and consistency of sputum, this must be reported to the doctor, what color is it, whether there are impurities of blood, pus (yellow-green).
Dry cough and high fever 38, 39 in an adult: treatment, diagnosis
Cough with fever is the first manifestation of most of the colds.
Such symptoms indicate that the body has started an inflammatory process.
As a rule, the virus is localized in the upper and lower respiratory tract:
- the oropharynx;
Dry cough and with it the temperature of 37, 38 and 39 can occur due to inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, pharynx and adenoids. In addition, the factors of their appearance may be false croup, allergic cough, tracheitis, bronchial asthma, tracheitis, whooping cough and SARS.
Sudden occurrence of a cough may indicate that a foreign body has penetrated into the trachea or bronchi, which is dangerous for life. Therefore, immediate medical attention is needed.
In this case, cough with fever appears not only in the pathology of the respiratory tract. Still these symptoms are characteristic for cardiovascular diseases and gastrointestinal disorders.
Moreover, a dry and violent cough often occurs due to polluted air, for example, the presence of tobacco smoke in it.
This symptom occurs without other manifestations, characteristic of ODS, that is, a runny nose, malaise and a temperature of 38 and 39 degrees.
Types of cough
There are such types of cough:
- dry and wet.
Dry (unproductive) and moist (productive) coughing is a protective reaction of the body, the main task which consists in the release of the respiratory tract from irritating factors (smoke, dust, mucus, foreign body).
When phlegm does not clear away, then such a cough is called unproductive, and if it clears, it becomes wet. When coughing, the temperature can rise to 37, 38 and 39 degrees. There may also be a violation of breathing and a lack of appetite.
In addition, the causes of coughing are:
- non-infectious (asthma, foreign body in the respiratory tract);
But to establish the exact cause, you need to contact a doctor who can reliably determine the cough factors.
And to clarify the diagnosis therapist can refer the patient to an allergist, an otolaryngologist and a cardiologist.
How to treat a cough with fever in an adult and a child?
Therapy for the symptoms of colds can be varied. Medicines used for this purpose fall into three categories:
- intensifying coughs - expectorants;
- mukalitiki - for liquefaction of sputum.
As a rule, the causes of coughing in children lie in the supercooling or viral infection, focusing in the lower or upper respiratory tract. And due to hypothermia, nose and throat diseases can develop. And infectious diseases are often striking:
With any parallel illness, there is a cough, a temperature, which can have a different intensity and accordingly a different degree of danger. It is worth noting, the lower the lesion occurs, the more difficult the course of the disease will be.Because of hypothermia, the nasal mucosa, the posterior pharyngeal wall and the ring of tonsils become inflamed. As a result, mucus drips from the nose into the larynx, so it is irritated. So there is a cough, the main task of which is to remove from the larynx and trachea a foreign substance infected with ambient mucus and microbes.
Consequently, doctors insist that in this case cough is a protective reaction and it can not be treated for a while. Therefore, antitussive drugs and drugs are prescribed only when the cough is strong and dry, which prevents a person from breathing normally and resting during sleep.
If the patient feels satisfactory with a cough and a low temperature (37 ° C), then he can do the usual things. But at the time of illness it is important to give up playing sports and physical activity.
At the same time, it is necessary not to overcool the body, as this can aggravate the course of the disease. And the smallest patients should be ensured bed rest.
To prevent coughing again, it is necessary to follow preventive measures. To this end, you need to strengthen the immune system in every way - to temper, take vitamins, refuse from pernicious habits and not to contact a person with a sick flu and other colds diseases.
Why does high temperature and infectious cough occur?
Factors for the appearance of these unpleasant symptoms of disease can be in the presence of:
- false croup;
- whooping cough;
- supercooling or viral infection of the respiratory tract;
- bronchiolysis (inflammation of bronchioles);
- inflammation of the epiglottis, trachea and larynx;
- pneumonia (pneumonia);
- bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchi).
In addition, a severe or dry severe cough and a temperature of 37-38 degrees in an adult or child may occur due to inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, adenoids and pharynx. In addition, a cough can signal the presence of bronchial asthma. With such a disease, a violent cough manifests itself, like attacks of suffocation.A sudden appearance of a cough can occur due to the ingress of a foreign body into the trachea and bronchi. And this threatens the patient's life, therefore requires immediate medical attention.
Moreover, a high fever can occur in diseases of the respiratory system. For example, the temperature of 37-38 is often observed in patients who have heart disease and gastrointestinal pathology.
Still the factors of appearance of these unpleasant symptoms can be covered in a high concentration of harmful substances in the air (tobacco smoke, gas contamination) and dry or too hot air in the room. For more rare reasons include psychogenic reflex cough that occurs with inflammation of the middle ear and sulfur plugs in the ears.
This phenomenon is not characterized by high temperature (maximum 37 degrees).
What is dangerous cough and temperature?
The effect on the respiratory mucosa of any factor that may be contagious and non-infectious can cause the development of acute inflammation. Consequently, this will result in the patient having a fever and a dry or wet cough.
During the course of the disease, the number and area of spread of cells that produce sputum significantly increases in the diseased. At the same time, viscosity and sputum increase, which makes breathing difficult and mucus mobility impaired. As for dry cough, we advise you to try inhalation with a dry cough - an effective and effective method.
It should be noted that the cough, whose main task is to cleanse the airways from harmful clusters and foreign bodies is not accompanied by high temperatures. Typically, for inflammation occurring in the mucous respiratory system, characterized by a deterioration in the functionality of the bronchi, and then the lungs.
As a result, the organism of the sick person lacks oxygen, so there is a violation of metabolic processes, which contributes to the appearance of a temperature of 37-38 ° C and malaise. In addition, if this phenomenon is not treated, then the immunological defense of the DP decreases, which can lead to prolonged inflammation, which has all the chances to become chronic.
Cough and high fever are discussed in the video in this article in terms of different treatments.
What does a constant cough in an adult mean?
A constant cough in an adult: normal or pathological? Any cough, which for a long time does not pass, for example, for a month or more, should alert everyone. Coughing in an adult is a protective reaction of the body that occurs for a certain reason, therefore, every conscious person must determine the provoking factor and choose options for it elimination.
In most cases, people turn to a doctor when already diagnosed with serious, neglected diseases, and the cough turns into a prolonged one, and the person can not even clear his throat.
What can provoke a prolonged cough?
In medical practice, it is common to distinguish between the infectious and non-infectious cause of the development of a strong cough.Non-infectious diseases include:
- Chronic forms of rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, in which the nasal mucosa is constantly swollen. Sputum does not go outside and falls into the bronchi and trachea.
- Because of the excessive amount of spices in the stomach, acidity may increase and heartburn may occur. It can manifest as a cough.
- Allergic reactions of the body to irritants. In this case, the cough will be dry and prolonged.
- The reaction of the body to certain medications that have already caused addiction.
- Contaminated air in the workplace or in the village.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- Presence of tumors in the airways or lungs.
Varieties of prolonged cough in adults
With any cough, the manifestations will be different. Therefore, it is worthwhile to know that there are several types of pathology:Intrusive. It is characteristic for diseases or inflammations in the larynx. Such a cough usually lasts long, appears at the initial stage of the cold. When the patient recovered, and the immunity did not recover, the cough continues to manifest and is more a protective reaction of the body.
If at this stage, not to help restore the immune system, then cough is a direct way to the bronchi. This leads to the development of acute bronchitis, which is treated for a long time, and in many cases takes a chronic form. If you do not organize the correct treatment, then a prolonged cough causes deformation of the bronchial walls, this leads to asthma, lung abscesses and pneumonia.
Many patients at the doctor's appointment indicate pain in the side, shortness of breath, fever, which accompany the main symptom.
A cough with wheezing or whistling is characteristic of whooping cough.
Barking - tracheitis or laryngitis.
Vocal cords are inflamed, in the chest you can clearly hear bubbling breath.Most often this cough torments the patient at night or early in the morning. There have been cases when choking occurs with improper treatment or neglect. A bout of dry cough with tracheitis or laryngitis can last up to 1 hour.
If the cough provokes a fever, a decrease in the tone of the voice, then this may indicate the development of tuberculosis.
ARI, ARVI has an obsessive cough.
Cough in the morning is typical for bronchial asthma. There are attacks of suffocation. Doctors emphasize that this kind of cough should only be treated, as it can lead to death.
Mental disorders are characterized by a metallic dry cough during eating, talking and have the effect of suddenness.
Treatment of dry cough in adults
Almost all smokers are diagnosed with chronic obstructive disease, which can cause lung cancer.
Tobacco smoke contains a large number of harmful substances, many of them are diagnosed as poisons for the human body. When the smoke is inhaled, irritation of the bronchial mucosa occurs, while the part remains inside and settles on the organ itself. This provokes oppression of the normal operation of the epithelium. After a short period of time, the epithelium generally ceases to fulfill its function of expelling harmful substances to the surface, and the bronchi absorb everything that gives them the smoke of a cigarette.This situation leads to chronic inflammation of non-infectious bronchial tubes.
Given that the bronchi lose their normal ability to fight and clear, joining any infection will not cause any special difficulties. Smokers have many cases of combining infectious and chronic bronchitis, which are superimposed on each other. These circumstances cause a prolonged course of the illness and the very recovery.
There are several options for treating a cough from a smoker. When using traditional medicine, it is necessary to get a consultation with a pulmonary physician. In general, mucolytics, expectorants are used for treatment. If a patient is diagnosed with an infection, then a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
You can use folk methods for treatment. It is enough to use herbal preparations from oregano, mother-and-stepmother, thyme, licorice root, marshmallow, plantain, calendula.
Good warming and grinding help.
Visiting a Russian bath, therapy with the use of essential oils help to remove an irritating cough.
Cure a smoker's cough completely can only give up cigarettes.
Cough dry for allergic reactions, tracheitis and laryngitisIn order to successfully treat a prolonged cough due to such manifestations, it is necessary to find out exactly the causes. All activities should be performed only after consultation with the doctor.
Patients with prolonged cough need to ensure:
- constant drinking, preferably decoctions of medicinal herbs;
- for the removal of spasm can be stocked with medical candy, which includes components for the activation of the glands and the ingestion of saliva;
- administration of inhalation with saline solutions;
- to carry out regular airing and wet cleaning at home, so that the air in the room is constantly moistened.
As drugs, it is recommended to take mucolytic drugs, in severe cases, narcotic drugs may be prescribed to stop severe attacks of cough.
Worth knowing! It is forbidden to take both antitussive and expectorant drugs at the same time, as there are cases of cupping sputum in the bronchi. This leads to the development of inflammatory processes.
From folk medicine can be used inhalation. With caution, you need to choose solutions for inhalation with an allergic cough. Herbs and oils can provoke additional allergic reactions and only worsen the patient's condition.
For everyone, inhalation with a soda solution is good. They help to translate dry cough into wet, dilute sputum and discharge them outside..
What is dangerous is the lack of treatment for a prolonged cough?
Prolonged reflex coughs of various types are dangerous for the human body and can lead to serious complications:
- Myocardial infarction. Since a prolonged cough affects the work of the bronchi adversely, an infectious disease develops or becomes chronic in them. Inflammatory processes in the bronchi affect the organs that are near.
- Such manifestations can cause psychological and psychosocial problems. It is difficult for a person to stay for a long time in public places, at work. If it is necessary to work in a voice, then it generally becomes impossible.
- A long cough in most cases causes shortness of breath, so physical activity decreases, which leads to other diseases in the body.
- Strong attacks can provoke a hemorrhage in the brain. Due to the fact that the patient constantly strains muscles, vessels in the head and body, the vessels of the brain lose the ability to work correctly.
- May cause inguinal and umbilical hernias.
Despite the fact that cough at first glance seems a non-serious disease, it can cause complications and a bunch of problems. Therefore, only timely treatment and diagnosis can return the body to a normal life without an unpleasant symptom.
Strong cough in an adult: treatment, reasons
Causes of severe cough in adultsCough occurs when irritation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract. This is a protective reaction of the body in response to infection, when the tracheal receptors are irritated. Cough can be wet and dry. A severe cough leads to a disruption of the normal functioning of the vocal cords and a person loses voice. The main causes of cough include:
- bronchial asthma in severe form;
- pharyngitis and laryngitis;
- heart failure;
Severe coughing also worries when inhaled by cold or hot air. With asthma of an adult, people suffer from attacks of suffocating cough. He experiences pain in the abdomen and chest. When a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, for example, dust particles, then the cough ends only when the foreign object is removed. Respiratory diseases of the pharynx, nasal cavity and larynx are accompanied by a strong barking cough. With laryngitis, the dry cough gradually turns to moist. Smoking for more than two years leads to a chronic smoker's bronchitis, which is characterized by growing coughing attacks, accompanied by a shortage of air.
Strong cough at night in an adult
Attacks of night cough in adults appear most often against the background of asthma, because of heart failure or food reflux. During an asthmatic attack, whistling breaths are heard and breathing is difficult. With heart failure, a severe dry cough is accompanied by shortness of breath and rapid heart rate. Gastroenterology irritates the nerve endings of the esophagus with stomach acid.
You can calm the attack with a warm drink. This herbal decoction, milk with honey or mineral water. They soften the mucous membrane and help to sputum. Soothe and steam inhalation. If the cause is allergy, then take an antihistamine.
Strong coughing before vomiting in an adult
With whooping cough, the cough is similar to a cold cough. In this case there are convulsions, which lead to vomiting. Seizures can be repeated up to fifty times during the day. This leads to hemoptysis and nosebleeds. The disease can last up to six weeks, depending on the characteristics of the body. Self-healing in this case is impossible. Medical help is needed. You will be assigned certain tests, which will result in targeted treatment. In most cases, usual expectorant and cough suppressants do not help. A course of antibiotics is prescribed, which will destroy the causative agent of whooping cough. Also, cough treatment before vomiting is combined with the use of immunostimulating drugs.
Strong cough without fever in an adult
A severe cough without fever can cause stress, anxiety or a nervous shock. This is the so-called psychogenic cough. Long stay in a room with dry air irritates the respiratory tract and also leads to coughing. If a strong cough you are tormenting for more than a month, then it is worth turning to a pulmonologist, an allergist, a phthisiatrist or an oncologist to identify the cause. It is possible that it is lung cancer, trachea, throat or tuberculosis. Cough for cardiovascular disease should be distinguished from a smoker's cough or from bronchial asthma. He appears after physical exertion and without sputum. This indicates the incorrect operation of the left ventricle when blood is stagnant in the lungs. In addition, a person complains of pain in the region of the heart, dyspnea and heart palpitations. In diseases of the thyroid gland, enlarged nodules press on the trachea, causing a strong cough. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - diverticulum of the esophagus, food reflux lead to a cough after eating.
Strong cough in an adult: treatment
The choice of treatment for an adult depends on the type of cough and the reasons that cause it. With any manifestation, the adoption of certain measures has a positive effect:
- humidification of dry air in the room;
- use of a large amount of warm drink to dilute and expectorate sputum;
- complete refusal to smoke;
- carrying out of inhalation procedures;
- Avoid chemical fumes;
- do not overcool;
- do not visit crowded places during the period of mass epidemics.
How to treat a severe cough in an adult?
Treatment of a strong cough should be done under the supervision of a doctor, especially if:
- a strong cough lasts more than two weeks;
- labored breathing;
- the fever keeps;
- there is a rapid heart rate, loss of strength and dizziness;
- in the phlegm there are traces of blood.
Antibiotics for severe cough in adults
Admission of antibiotics is prescribed for severe bronchitis, bacterial tracheitis and bacterial pneumonia. Then the treatment will quickly lead to recovery. If the nature of the disease is viral, then antibiotics are useless. To make the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to pass a sputum analysis to establish sensitivity to antibiotics. In general, preparations of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed. These include: Summamed, Amoxiclav, Flemoclav, Cefotaxime. To drugs with a narrow focus are Suprax and Azithromycin.
Folk remedies for severe cough in adults
In folk medicine, there are many recipes for fighting a strong cough:
In a saucepan pour a glass of water, add one teaspoon of flower honey, a pinch of salt and two tablespoons of anise seeds. Bring to a boil, then cool and take five times a day on a teaspoon.
Mix in equal amounts honey and cranberries. Take three times a day.
In three hundred grams of honey add half a glass of water and a glass of finely chopped scarlet. Cook for two hours. Take it three times a day on a tablespoon.
In the evening, cut off the top of the black radish and put two tablespoons of honey in the notch and close it. In the morning the medical syrup is ready. It should be taken twenty minutes before eating a teaspoon four times a day.
Cook the lemon for ten minutes. Then squeeze the juice and add two tablespoons of honey and glycerin. Take six times a day in a teaspoon.
Shredded leaves of plantain mixed in equal parts with honey and put on a warm plate for four hours. The resulting syrup dilutes sputum well. Take it three times a day in a teaspoonful.
A dry sharp cough resembling barking is often associated with laryngotracheitis (croup). This is the name for the swelling around the larynx, which can lead to blockage of the airways. In such cases, young children are particularly vulnerable, when a barking cough easily blocks the respiratory tract, which are small in size in small children. At the first symptoms of this cough, both children and adults should seek qualified medical care.
Causes of barking cough
The cause of barking or paroxysmal coughing is very much, but more often it occurs with inflammation of the respiratory tract. Viral infections can be with or without a temperature, but a sore throat and dry or wet cough is always present. Inflammation of the respiratory tract can be observed in adults and children, if the right time to give the right treatment, then relief comes on 3-4 days. Laryngitis, as a rule, is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- painful swallowing;
- Perspiration, dryness in the throat;
- decreased appetite;
- fast fatiguability;
- hoarseness of voice.
A false croup or laryngitis causes a child under three years of constant cough, and even a slight swelling of the larynx can completely shut off the baby's oxygen, which will lead to suffocation. Croup in children of school age and adults is not so terrible, and 90% of people suffer the disease without complications and even without temperature. Coughing bark can cause asthma or allergic bronchitis. In this case, there are side effects in the form of redness of the skin, itching, runny nose. Allergic coughing with barking in the usual ways is not treated, so each patient needs individual therapy.
How to calm a cough
A strong cough, like barking, which does not cough at night or day, is a very painful condition. If the cough reflex is moist and accompanied by phlegm, it performs a useful cleansing function for the body. But if a small or adult person is haunted by a barking and dry cough, you need to know what to treat it to help the body to cope with the disease more quickly.
With a severe coughing attack, a doctor can prescribe serious medications containing codeine (a narcotic substance), instantly blocking the cough center in the brain. A constant attack of coughing barking at the child can be tried to clean with the help of folk remedies. What to give the kids from year to year will be decided by the doctor after finding out the cause of the disease.
The principle of treatment is to translate dry barking coughing into a moist one. The process of recovery will come when sputum will be removed from the lungs, and with it the body will leave the particles of infection. Doctors at the very beginning of treatment prescribe to adults and small patients therapeutic medications (syrup) of expectorant action that promote the expansion of the bronchi. These include:
- "Glycodine". For children under one year and adults. It contains active substance dextromethorphan, with which in the cough center the threshold is raised sensitivity, blocked channels, so the drug almost immediately promotes complete oppression Problems.
- "Gederin". For adults and children from 1 year. Heals the disease with an extract of ivy, which gently affects the larynx, removing irritation, contributing to expectoration. The drug quickly removes pathogens from the body.
- "Prospan". The drug, which is shown to infants and toddlers for a year. Refers to a group of herbal medicines based on ivy leaves. The main active agent has antitussive, antispasmodic, antimicrobial effect.
Treatment of inflamed respiratory tract with folk remedies implies abundant drinking and inhalation. In addition, in the room the patient must constantly increase the level of humidity, regularly ventilate the room, make warm baths for the hands and feet. Effective folk remedies:
- Take 1 tbsp. l. calendula flowers or chamomile, brew in 2 liters of boiled water, wrap the container and let it brew for 10 minutes. Then inhale for 15 minutes daily until complete recovery. Also for these purposes, such herbs as St. John's wort, sage, plantain are perfect.
- Grind a glass of hazelnut, add a glass of liquid honey, stir until smooth. Apply on a teaspoon with each fit of cough, washing down the mixture with warm milk.
- Finely chop 10 bulbs and one head of garlic. Boil until soft in a liter of milk. Add 20 grams of honey to the mixture. Use 1 tbsp. l. during the day every hour. The effect will be immediate - the inflammation of the larynx will decrease, the cough will weaken.
Treatment of an allergic cough
Any remedy for dry cough caused by an allergic reaction is designed to inhibit the cough reflex, reducing susceptibility to the allergen. People who are susceptible to this disease start taking medicine for colds, but this only aggravates the situation. Quickly remove allergic manifestations you need:
- antiallergic drugs: "Nozaneks", "Kromaglin";
- antihistamines: Suprastin, Ascoril;
- anti-edematous drugs: "Otrivin", "Nazivin";
- stabilizers of membranes of mast cells: Zaditen, Ketotifen;
- glucocorticoids: "Beklazone", "Fliksonase".
Video: Komarovsky about barking cough in a child
A strong coughing barking in a child is associated with various diseases, so it is better not to make a diagnosis on your own, but to address the first symptoms of an inflamed respiratory tract to a pediatrician. If the doctor can not be called promptly for some reason, it is necessary to relieve the condition by steam inhalations with herbs, soda, sunflower oil and use a lot of warm drink. More about the cough will be told in the video by the famous doctor Komarovsky, who knows everything about childhood illnesses:
Coryza and cough without fever: how and what to treat in an adult
Coryza and a severe cough without temperature are most often reported that a hidden inflammatory process occurs in the human body or the patient is hypersensitive to certain factors.
In particular, such symptoms can be observed in adults, if a person inhales fine dust or polluted air.
In the event that the condition does not improve, snot and dry cough last for a long time, you need to see a doctor to find out the exact cause of the ailment.
Why does a cough occur without a fever?High body temperature is, above all, a sign that the body is fighting the microbes that caused the disease. If the runny nose and coughing are present, but there is no temperature, this is an unfavorable signal.
In this case, the body is not able to cope with diseases independently because of reduced immunity. Meanwhile, it is important to consider that the rise in temperature occurs, as a rule, in bacterial and infectious diseases.
When there are any changes in the human body, a cough without temperature and a cold occurs, which helps to remove foreign particles and sputum from the respiratory tract.
If a cold starts coughing without fever, this indicates that the body has failed and a serious inflammatory process begins.
Similar symptoms often occur in adults who often have ARI. When barking cough, if there is no temperature, the inflammatory process in the nasopharynx is usually detected. A similar process is observed in the presence of adenoids. It is also excluded that coughing with a cold without temperature is a reaction to dust, the smell of perfume or household chemicals.
As for the common cold, not all such diseases are accompanied by an increase in temperature. These include diseases such as:
- Chronical bronchitis;
- Physiological rhinitis.
A similar disease is laryngitis, but with it there is a high fever and a person sits down a voice. The most dangerous form is stenosing laryngitis, which swells around the larynx, which makes it difficult for the patient to breathe.
If a dry cough without cold and temperature is constantly observed, the doctor can diagnose pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Similar symptoms can occur with tuberculosis. Also do not forget that coughing can occur with allergies, in this case the patient has a strong cold.
Recently, doctors often diagnose H1N1 or the bird flu virus if the patient has a cough and runny nose without fever. Symptoms of this disease are practically the same as usual cold, but the main sign is the absence of high body temperature.
When infection with a viral infection occurs development of catarrh in the upper respiratory tract, they can pass into the common cold.
The pain in the throat and heat while not, but the cough is usually dry and very strong.
Cough and runny nose without fever in pregnant women
The appearance of the above symptoms during pregnancy is dangerous for the fetus. When a violent cough begins, the abdominal muscles become strained and active contraction of the ligaments occurs, which can provoke bleeding. With a common cold snot is actively allocated, nasal congestion is formed, because of which the future child may suffer from severe hypoxia.
Since during pregnancy it is not recommended to carry out treatment with the help of medicinal preparations, as an alternative it is necessary to use known and proven folk remedies. They should be chosen after consultation with the attending physician.
Prolonged cough and runny noseIf the symptoms in adults last long enough, with high temperature absent, most likely a latent inflammatory process develops in the patient's body. Also, the cause of a prolonged cough and runny nose may be an allergy.
Suddenly appeared and long-lasting dry cough is often due to a strong allergic reaction to flowers, animals, perfume. Allergens can accumulate in carpets, beds, closets.
Allergy often occurs if a person is in a polluted environment for a long time. In this case, regular inhalation of pathogens occurs. In the event that a dry cough is excruciating constantly, it is required to strengthen the sputum production, for this it is recommended to drink as much liquid as possible.
Long chafing in the throat, tickling in the nasopharynx can after the patient has recovered from a viral or infectious disease. Runny nose and cough also do not always go away quickly.
However, if the symptoms of the illness are prolonged for a long time, you should definitely go through the examination and identify the cause.
Treatment of runny nose and cough without fever
Before starting treatment, it is important to find out the cause of this condition of the patient. With colds, the doctor prescribes medicines that narrow the blood vessels. The following drugs are relevant:
From mucolytic and expectorant funds are used:
In addition, inhalations are used that help to soften the mucosa, kill microbes, stop the inflammatory process.
- To cure the symptoms, it is required first of all to drink more often any liquid that can be a decoction of mint, dog rose, chamomile, tea with lemon, drinking water.
- With a dry cough, preparations that dilute sputum are taken.
- Symptoms of colds are effectively treated with infusions of linden, plantain, mother-and-stepmother, althea.
- Runny nose is best treated with frequent rinses with sea salt or chamomile broths.
- If there is no high temperature, warming procedures are used. In a container with hot water, add two tablespoons of soda or mustard, in the resulting solution steamed legs. After the procedure, you should warm your feet with woolen socks.
In people who smoke people, coughing with flu and a cold can be observed due to irritation of the nasopharynx with nicotine. Such patients experience regular coughing attacks in the mornings, when there is increased sputum production. This can talk about lung atrophy, which is formed in the alveoli and gradually spreads to the entire body. It is important to treat the disease in time to avoid the development of complications.
The presence of tuberculosis can be reported by sputum discharge with blood. Pneumonia is characterized by pain in the thoracic part. When there is a viral or infectious disease, in addition to cough, the patient feels pain and sore throat. Treat these diseases immediately, as the first symptoms appeared.
And the conclusion is recommended video in this article with recommendations for treatment of influenza and ARI.
Dry cough in an adultCough is a muscle reflex shortening of the chest in response to a stimulus. During the cough, the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are cleansed of microorganisms, dust and mucus. When a person for a long time excruciates a dry cough, it can become a symptom of a serious illness. Such a cough is called unproductive, i.e. when coughing, there is no separation of sputum.
Causes of dry cough in adults
The reasons for this condition can be:
- inflammation in the bronchi and trachea;
- bronchial asthma;
- inflammation of the larynx;
- tumors of the respiratory system;
- whooping cough;
Types of cough in adults
If you listen to a cough, you can hear its different shades and varieties. There are several types:
If he is not too intrusive, with short coughs, then he is called pharyngeal. At the same time, the pharyngeal mucosa dries up or the mucus accumulates at the entrance to the larynx.
In whooping cough are characterized by multiple coughing thrusts, which are accompanied by a deep breath with a whistling sound.
Barking cough appears with laryngitis and tracheitis. It occurs when the inflammatory process of the vocal cords. If barking breath is added to the barking dry cough, then this is a manifestation of croup.
When you hear low tones with a gradual increase, this may be a symptom of tuberculosis.
During the catarrhal disease, there may appear a pertussis cough of an obsessive nature.
Spastic cough speaks of bronchial asthma. It is unproductive and intrusive. He appears closer to the morning. Such a condition may indicate obstructive bronchitis, but without a series of seizures.
The metallic shade of a dry cough that appears during a conversation during a meal can talk about a mental disorder, but this is only diagnosed after a serious examination.
Strong cough in an adult (dry)
Provoke a strong dry cough in an adult can various factors. These include:
- Smoking when tobacco tar irritates the bronchi.
- Dust, which causes perspiration in the respiratory tract.
- The foreign body when exposed to the mucosa has an irritating effect.
- Stressful situations and emotional experiences.
- Allergic reactions.
- Adverse reaction to medications.
- Oncological diseases.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Heart failure.
- Problems in the stomach and intestines, when a fistula of the esophageal tracheal region is formed and reflex dry cough appears after eating.
Long dry cough in an adult
Often a dry cough occurs during a cold disease, if the weakened immunity does not cope with its protective functions, and the disease passes into the bronchi. As a result, acute bronchitis appears, which, in the absence of proper treatment, goes into a chronic stage. With prolonged coughing in an adult, deformation of the bronchial walls can occur, which leads to asthma, lung abscess and pneumonia.
A long, dry throat cough and severe swallowing in the pharynx are with chronic pharyngitis. This is a serious disease that needs to be treated in a hospital.
A very long spasmodic cough accompanied by pain in the side, shortness of breath and fever can be observed with pleurisy.
Paroxysmal cough in an adult
The spasmodic nature of cough often refers to the manifestation of bronchial asthma. Usually it appears in the night and evening and appears against the background of an allergen. An attack can cause suffocation, pain in the abdomen and chest. It can last about one hour.
Paroxysmal cough characterized by inflammatory processes of the pharynx, larynx and nasopharynx. If the time is not taken to eliminate them, the painful condition passes into bronchitis, pneumonia and tracheitis.
Dry barking cough in an adult
Dry barking cough in adults is characteristic of parainfluenza. This is an acute viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract. It is a symptom of the acute form of laryngitis and pharyngitis and manifests itself at night. In bronchial asthma, it is accompanied by attacks of suffocation. Lack of proper treatment can lead to death. When croupous pneumonia cough is accompanied by painful sensations in the chest. Pertussis in an adult is caused not only by a barking cough, but also by attacks of vomiting.
Dry suffocating cough in an adult
The emergence of a suffocating cough can be caused by a variety of factors. Often this happens when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, and the allergen irritates the mucous membrane. More often the symptom indicates a serious disease, which include:
- bronchial asthma;
- whooping cough;
- oncological diseases;
- heart failure;
Such a cough is often observed in smokers with experience. The absence of treatment for chronic bronchitis can lead to secondary tuberculosis.
Dry cough in an adult at night
Coughing attacks at night often occur due to bronchial asthma. It is accompanied by wheezing, stiffness of the chest and difficulty breathing.
The cause may be heart failure, in which there is shortness of breath and heart rate increases.
Acid reflux irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract with the contents of the esophagus and stomach, causing a night cough.
Treatment of dry cough in adults
A good alternative in the treatment of dry cough in adults are medicinal herbs and doses. In the pharmacy you can buy various nursing fees. Phyto tea also helps effectively in treatment. They are easy to use and pleasant to taste. The most effective herbs are: plantain, flax seeds, lime blossom, oregano and thyme. To relieve bronchial spasms, chamomile, valerian, and aura are soothing at night.
Good help and inhalation, which can be carried out at home. Sage, chamomile, thyme and mother-and-stepmother in equal parts, pour two liters of boiling water. Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil and soda. Cover yourself with a towel and breathe healing couples for ten minutes.
A tablespoon of viburnum should be cooked in half a liter of water. Then add honey and drink four times a day.
In a liter of milk, boil a finely chopped onion and three cloves of garlic. Then add the honey and drink every hour for half a glass until the dry cough disappears.
Pour a tablespoon of oat flakes with a lot of water and cook for thirty minutes. Drink honey four times a day.
In half a glass of lemon juice add two tablespoons of honey and one spoonful of glycerin. Take a teaspoon six times a day.
Spoon a tablespoon of sugar over the fire until it turns brown. Dissolve, and then drink a birch sap.
To get rid of cough, it is better to use several methods of treatment.
Dry cough in an adult medicine
For the treatment of dry cough used drugs of two types:
Means that suppress the patient's cough reflex. These include: codeine, oxeladin and ethylmorphine.
Medications that affect cough receptors. Effectively help: linkas, kodelak bronho and terpinkod.
How to treat barking cough in a child without fever
A child's coughing is always a cause for concern for the parents, what can we say about dry, hysterical coughing. Most often they suffer from children under the age of five due to the peculiarities of the structure of the larynx. The lumen is much narrower than in adults, so any virus can cause laryngeal edema and difficulty breathing.
If the cough is episodic and does not last long, it does not cause any special fears. It can be the body's response to the ingress of dust or small particles of food into the pharynx. As a rule, such a cough passes by itself.
- Dry prolonged or paroxysmal cough.
- Increase in temperature.
- Problems with vocal cords, frequent loss of voice.
- Night attacks of coughing, causing the child to wake up.
- Lack of air and symptoms of suffocation.
In such cases, it is better not to hesitate and seek qualified help.Sometimes hospitalization is required, especially if the child is small enough.Folk methods and refusal of medical examination can aggravate the situation and lead to a tragic result, so it is better to treat such a cough with the support of doctors.
From this article you can learn how to treat a trachea cough.
In the video - tells about the causes and treatment of barking cough in a child without temperature:
- Infections of the upper respiratory tract.
- Allergic manifestations.
- Cyst of the larynx.
- Foreign object in the throat.
- Whooping cough.
- Dry air.
- Infection with parasites.
The main rule of treatment: a cough is not a disease, but one of the symptoms of the disease, so a complete picture of what is happening is required in order to eliminate the cause and avoid consequences.
Than to treat a bronchitis and tussis at the adult, it is possible to learn or find out from the given article.
The most serious threat from this list is diphtheria and whooping cough.These infectious diseases are characterized by a complex course and a greater risk of side effects.For prevention, vaccinations are used, which must be done in infancy, and then reinforced with booster vaccination. Refusal to take vaccinations must have a weighty medical indication, and not the parent's arguments. In any case, the risk of vaccination is incomparably less than from the disease itself.
The most common cause of barking dry cough is infectious diseases, which are not always accompanied by fever and runny nose. In a number of cases, the only, but very weighty symptom is a dry paroxysmal cough.
For what reason there is a paroxysmal dry cough, it is indicated in this article.
To exclude pneumonia and bronchitis, a pediatrician usually gives directions to an X-ray examination, general blood and urine tests are also needed, which will give more complete information about possible reasons.
Special recommendations for regular air humidification. Excessively dry air can itself provoke a strong cough due to the drying out of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx. Buying a moisturizer or home methods to combat this phenomenon (hang wet towels on batteries, put the pelvis with water), and if necessary, and periodic lubrication of the nasal sinuses and a plentiful drink, quickly calmed the dry cough.
For what reason there is a wheezing cough in the child, you can learn from this article.
In the case of an allergic cough, in addition to standard tests, you may need a detailed test for most known allergens. The cost of such an analysis is quite high, but sometimes this is the only way to know the cause of the allergy. If you know the "culprit" of a cough and, for example, hereditary allergy or contact with a provoking factor, you can immediately start treatment.
Why there is a cough due to mucus in the nasopharynx, indicated in the article.
How to treat
First of all, you need to know the root cause, and only then start treatment. If an allergic attack is usually taken with antihistamines (in particularly severe situations, hospitalization may be necessary). The foreign object entering the throat is also a critical situation in which the count is maintained for a second. It is better to study the algorithm of actions in advance, so as not to get confused or harm the child in inept movements.
Infectious and viral diseases are better treated with mucaltic drugs, which the doctor will write out. Sometimes it is advisable to take both antiviral or immunostimulating drugs at the same time. It is equally important to provide suitable living conditions. Regular airing, plentiful drink (a favorite compote or a tasty mors from berries will be more suitable than medicinal broths) and light food contribute to the speedy recovery of not less than medicamentous preparations.
For what reason there is a coughing runny nose in the throat without fever, you can learn from this article.
The video tells about the treatment of barking cough in a child without temperature:
Good help with dry cough and steam inhalation. You can buy a special professional inhaler, the efficiency of which is several times higher, but a conventional water inhaler will do.Traditional medicine does not exclude domestic cough treatment methods, but they are usually aimed more to alleviate the symptoms of the disease.
From this article you can find out for what reason the baby has a cough and runny nose, but without fever.
Bacteriological diseases must be treated with antibiotics, which you will be discharged after the conclusion of a laboratory study. Pertussis and diphtheria are the most serious of them, but fortunately, widespread vaccination has made these diseases less difficult. Sometimes hospitalization is required, especially if the child is younger. With a mild course of the disease and an adult enough, the patient can be treated at home.
In rare, fortunately, cases, the cause of a severe dry cough is congenital malformation of the development, when the newborn has periodic suffocation and shortness of breath. Treatment will be exclusively surgical methods, which have good statistics of positive results.
Opinion of Komarovsky
The famous pediatrician and author of many sensational methods of treating children in somewhat unconventional ways, Dr. Komarovsky also does not consider dry barking cough as a separate disease. At its core, every parent can fully determine the severity of the problem and further actions.
Than to treat a dry cough at the adult and what to apply thus medicines, it is specified in given article.
One should understand the main axiom: children suffer from even the most good and responsible parents. Instead of lamenting and blaming yourself for what happened, it is better to take measures in time and provide the baby with all possible conditions for a speedy recovery.
Prevention of diseases can be called the following measures:
- Regular airing and humidification of air. The main guarantee of good health by Komarovsky's methods is precisely the constant access of fresh air to the room.
- Absence of strong allergens in the house. It is desirable to avoid the accumulation of soft toys, down pillows of a hundred years ago, wall carpets and other sources of dust. It is not necessary to turn an apartment into an animal nursery, even wool from an innocuous guinea pig can provoke the strongest allergy.
- Do not heat the room with heaters or clog your room. With enough cool and moisturized air, the baby will be able to breathe and cough more easily.
- The diet should not be forced and include heavy foods for the stomach. During illness all the body forces the organism to fight the pathogens of the infection or viruses. If you overload the stomach with dense food, you can not count on a quick recovery. The child refuses to eat? This is a normal reaction, the main task is to provide a full drink.
- Sometimes, to get rid of an allergic cough, you should also review the child's wardrobe. Usually parents try to exclude synthetic fabrics for their child, but there are exceptions: bright pictures or inserts on clothing, which can provoke such a reaction.
- Clean and regular wet cleaningin the house is guaranteed to get rid of the spread of infection. This will also remove the dust and slightly moisten the air.
What kind of syrup can be treated dry cough in a child can be learned from this article.
On the video - about barking cough in a child without temperature tells Komarovsky:
The main rule of Dr. Komarovsky is not to experiment with your children and not create conditions for them in which to defeat the disease will be more difficult.A short walk in the fresh air will bring more benefit than a hopeless lying in bed.Moderate physical activity also does not cause harm, in the absence of high temperature, of course. Do not over-wrap and dress your child "warmly", so you can achieve the opposite effect: the child will sweat and after guaranteed supercooling from the slightest breeze.
For what reason there is a cough when cutting teeth in children, is indicated in this article.
Reasonable approach to treatment of the disease, timely consultation of a specialist and laboratory tests will help to quickly find out the cause of barking dry cough in children. An integrated approach to the treatment of the disease and the creation of comfortable conditions for the child's stay guarantee the absence of problems and undesirable consequences.