There are probably many parents who have heard of the existence of such a tragic phenomenon as the sudden infant death syndrome( SIDS) , the very definition of which indicates an unexplained cause of its origin. Some scientists suggest that the most likely cause of this syndrome is sleep apnea( stopping, or lack of breathing).And there is no more grief for the mother than losing her child. But if death from a serious illness or accident is somehow explainable and to some extent predictable and can at least be understood, then a sudden death in the baby, which occurs amid overall health, does not lend itself to understanding and explanation.Nevertheless, in medicine there is such a special term - the syndrome of sudden infant death in a baby, when even the most thorough research does not reveal any causes of the tragedy. At the end of the publication, you can watch a film about this phenomenon, not only for young children, but also for adults.
Prevalence and possible causes of
The incidence of in the occurrence of sudden infant death syndrome in infants varies from 0.5 to 3.5 cases per 1000 live births in different countries around the world. On the average, 1 case is 500. Most of all, children under the age of 2 to 4 months are exposed to it. After 1.5 years is practically not observed. This syndrome is more common in the cold season, 4-7 days after a cold snap.
Despite the fact that the cause of this tragic phenomenon has not yet been clarified, the scientists established risk factors for the development of SIDS and divided them into social and biological ones.
The first group includes bad habits of parents( drug addiction, alcoholism, smoking), poor housing conditions, low educational level of parents, tight swaddling, soft down pillow.
Among the biological factors are:
- weighed down pregnancy( hypotonia and anemia in the mother, rapid delivery),
- numerous abortions and miscarriages in the mother, multiple births with short intervals between them,
- birth of twins,
- poor in the early postpartum period: born withlow or large mass, suffered asphyxia in childbirth, late attached to the chest, received food through the probe, etc.,
- frequent infectious diseases in the child.
Each mother is anxious for the frail life of the baby. It's no wonder that at night moms listen in silence: is she breathing? Not only in infants with perinatal encephalopathy there are short-term stops of breathing, but in a healthy child there is a respiratory arrhythmia, when the pause between the inhalations is prolonged. Perhaps these few seconds play a decisive role in the development of SIDS.
Heart activity, which is prone to the development of cardiac arrhythmias against vegetative dysfunction or encephalopathy, also acts irregularly. Perhaps, it was heart failure that led to sudden death.
And maybe anaphylactic shock developed for cow's milk? Scientists do not rule out such an option for the development of SIDS.
Currently, most scientists are taking the lead in the development of SIDS nighttime apnea.
Be that as it may, but identifying the risk factors and the alleged causes of sudden death syndrome makes it possible to prevent this terrible phenomenon. And the main direction in the prevention of SIDS is creating conditions for healthy sleep.
The child should sleep on a dense mattress, without a pillow. The blanket should be light. Quilted blanket, so beloved by our grandmothers, remove from the crib. It is capable of weighing down crumbs or causing choking. Soft and light downy feathers are also not needed for the baby, since they contribute to overheating. And in such conditions, the brain is in poor control of the respiratory center, which can "forget" to inhale once again.
For the same reason, observe the temperature regime in the children's room. The optimum air temperature is 20-22 ° C.
The tight swaddling binds the child's movements, restricts the mobility of the chest and respiratory movements, therefore it has long been recognized as harmful and dangerous in the light of the development of SIDS.
During sleep the child should lie on his back. In the position on the abdomen, the chest is pressed against a hard mattress, which restricts the respiratory movement and helps narrow the airways. In such a situation, the supply of blood with oxygen decreases, from which the brain primarily suffers, and consequently the regulation of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems is disturbed.
When the baby sleeps on the tummy, it can snap into a mattress or pillow and cover the airways. Many companies producing baby cots produce mattresses with ventilation holes to prevent the development of a tragic outcome due to an incorrect position in the dream.
Prevention of sudden death syndrome in infants
The best prevention of SIDS is breastfeeding a child.
Mom's milk protects against all diseases, and the physical efforts that the kid spends on getting food, strengthen and develop his respiratory system.
Regular classes of massage and gymnastics contribute to the physical and mental development of the child, enrich the blood with oxygen, improve metabolic processes, stimulate the development of the cerebral cortex, nullifying the risk of developing SIDS.
Do not smoke in an apartment where a small child lives. After all, he smokes with you, and passive smoking is no different from active, unless there are less harmful substances. But he needs less. The inexorable statistics notes that children of smokers' mothers are 5 times more likely to be at risk of sudden death.
Children with perinatal encephalopathy should be observed by a neuropathologist and periodically receive drugs that improve metabolic processes in the brain tissue, vitamins, plant adaptogenes.
Each mother should own methods of resuscitation: a closed heart massage and mouth-to-mouth breathing to bring life back to the baby who suddenly stopped breathing.
The above mentioned respiratory disorders in children have a central origin, that is, they are associated with insufficient maturity of the central nervous system. But no matter how great the role of the nervous system in the regulation of breathing, the state of the respiratory tract is no less important.
Syndrome of sudden infant death in infants: "Death in the cradle"
The serotonin content in the brain of children who died as a result of this syndrome is less than in children whose death was caused by other causes.
Syndrome of sudden death in an adult: Degeneration of the human race. Documentary.
The new terrible attack falls on humanity. All over the world, doctors record unexplained cases of death of young people, in the prime of life of people aged 18 to 30( maximum lethal outcomes in this age range).Science has long known the phenomenon of SIDS - the syndrome of sudden death of an infant.
However, at the moment, doctors insist on the introduction of a new term - the syndrome of sudden death of an adult. By such a phrase they mean the deaths of healthy people for no apparent reason.
Death usually occurs during sleep as a result of sudden cardiac arrest or breathing. Autopsy shows no pathological changes in the body, on the contrary, the deceased was absolutely healthy.
The available statistics gives a strong scatter in the data on the number of deaths, which indirectly indicates the superimposed on the information label "Top Secret".So, according to one source, four people a week become victims of IFOR, that is, a little more than 200 tragedies a year from the sudden death syndrome. According to other data, in only one UK, 3500 people per year die from IFOR.
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