A cough medicine for children: a list of effective. What to give to children from a dry cough
Cough is the most common sign for respiratory diseases. Especially alarming is when it occurs in young children. Its causes are diverse, and, based on this, the methods of combating it are different. How to choose a cough medicine for children? To answer this question, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of occurrence of such a symptom.
The main causes leading to the occurrence of cough in children
Cough reflex is a natural process in the body. It can indicate the presence of the disease, but can only serve to purify the airways from accumulated secretions. A single unobtrusive cough, not accompanied by a rise in body temperature or any changes in the behavior of the child, should not cause parents special anxiety. If coughing causes anxiety, then it is necessary to find out its cause, in order to choose the most effective cough medicine for children.
There are two leading factors that cause the emergence of cough: penetration into the body of the child's pathogen infection (and the development of a corresponding catarrhal disease) or the presence of an allergic reaction. A child's organism, especially a newborn, is imperfect and very sensitive to various viruses and bacteria that cause respiratory diseases.
These harmful agents, falling into the respiratory system with a flow of inhaled air, get on the mucous membrane, penetrate into its cells and begin actively multiply, while at the site of their introduction there is irritation and increased mucus formation, to which the body reacts with a cough. Similarly, a reaction to the ingress of allergens into the respiratory tract, whether particles of dust, animal hair or plant pollen, is formed. Cough is a protective reaction of the body to irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory system or inflammatory process in them and releases them from various mechanical particles, microorganisms and accumulated mucus. The following types of cough are distinguished by the nature, productivity and sound.
Types of cough
Distinguish cough dry (in other words, unproductive), which occurs at the initial stage of the disease and is not accompanied by seizure sputum, and moist (or productive) that occurs as sputum accumulates and contributes to its spillage.
Dry cough is considered the most intrusive. It can pass paroxysmally or resemble barking. Such a symptom tires the child, prevents him from sleeping and can cause vomiting. Barking coughing attacks most often occur with the development of tracheitis or laryngitis and are associated with changes in the vocal cords. To soften the throat, you can use anti-inflammatory sprays or lozenges and alkaline drink to children from dry cough. The medicine will remove the mucosal edema and reduce the inflammatory process.
Sometimes you can come across such a rare type of dry cough at the moment, like pertussis. It became rare because almost all children now receive vaccinations against whooping cough, which reliably protects them from this disease. Cough with whooping cough is dry, paroxysmal, leading the baby's body to exhaustion. With this disease prescribe sedatives and recommend walking in the fresh air.
Quite infrequently occurring disease - respiratory chlamydia of newborns, in which there is a development of coughing of sonorous, jerky, dry - staccato cough. When cured of the underlying disease, it quickly disappears.
There are also types of cough that are not associated with catarrhal diseases:
- cough of an allergic nature - manifests paroxysmally, often occurs at night, before the onset of an attack the child is cheerful, does not feel unwell, suddenly starts to cough often;
- spastic - differs from the usual dry cough in that with it at the end there is a whistling sound; he is very intrusive and is not treated with antitussive drugs;
- bitonal - occurs, in particular, when a foreign body enters the bronchi; with it, the low tone of the cough becomes high;
- cough, which occurs with bronchial asthma, - appears with deep breaths and is accompanied by pain;
- cough associated with food intake, sometimes arising in the pathology of the esophagus or stomach;
- cough of psychogenic origin, which occurs in stressful situations; he appears exclusively in the afternoon, but regularly, has a metallic echo.
The cough medicine for children should be selected taking into account that all respiratory diseases, mainly, manifested first dry cough, which after a period of time passes into the wet. But still, by the nature of the cough, it is possible to distinguish which part of the respiratory system has started the inflammation.
Features of cough in certain respiratory diseases
Laryngitis, or inflammation of the larynx, is manifested in the child by a dry cough, hoarseness of the voice, rapidity and difficulty breathing. There is a feeling of perspiration in the throat and severe pain when swallowing. After a while, the cough becomes wheezing due to a change in the airway lumen. Later, the swelling of the vocal cords subsides, and the cough becomes wet due to sputum discharge.
When tracheitis (trachea inflammation), the main symptom is a dry barking cough that starts suddenly, mainly during the night rest, and can last for several hours. Breathing can become whistling or wheezing. To alleviate the condition of the sick child, the doctor will suggest a cough suppressant, such as "Sinekod".
If the inflammatory process descends through the respiratory tract, then inflammation develops in the bronchial tubes (bronchitis) or in the lungs - pneumonia. These two diseases are distinguished from each other by X-ray examination. The initial stage of bronchitis is not different from other respiratory diseases - there are pain in the larynx, nose pawns, the child is sleepy and sluggish. Cough also from the dry at the beginning of the disease becomes wet. If there was an edema in the mucosa of the bronchus itself and the narrowing of its lumen, one speaks of obstructive bronchitis, which is quite common in allergies. If bronchitis is not cured, it can develop into a chronic form, which is fraught with depletion of bronchial walls and the emergence of bronchial asthma.
For the treatment of cough in children, many drugs are produced that have different active ingredients and differ in the mechanism of action. If you fight with children's cough alone, you need to understand them very well, so as not to harm and not aggravate the course of the disease.
Medicines against cough for children: classification
All medicines for cough are divided into two large groups - preparations of central and peripheral action.
The medicines that act through the central nervous system include Sinekod, Tusuprex, Libexin and others. They act overwhelmingly on the cough center in the cerebral cortex, very quickly inhibit the cough reflex and can be prescribed to children from a dry cough. The medicine is chosen for them only by the doctor, since it does not reduce the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract and with increased mucus formation it can be stagnant. Therefore, they should be used only on the advice of a pediatrician and only with a dry paroxysmal cough (for example, with whooping cough).
Preparations that have a peripheral effect, in turn, are subdivided according to the mechanism of action into several species. They include:
- Coughing agents that envelop the irritated areas of the mucous membrane in the upper parts of the respiratory system and reduce the inflammatory processes in it. They are appointed with the appearance of initial signs of irritation. They are good for children from a dry cough; the medicine is prescribed in this case, taking into account their age.
- Expectorants for cough, which contribute to the release of bronchi from accumulated exudate. They are also divided into subgroups. The main active ingredient in the first of these may be plant extracts (licorice, coltsfoot, marshmallow, plantain, thyme and thermopsis) or iodides (preparations "potassium iodide" and "sodium iodide"). Under the action of these agents in the cells of the bronchial mucosa, the production of mucus is increased, which liquefies phlegm, that is, it can quickly leave the bronchi. These medications are not suitable for infants and children with neurotic disorders or a tendency to vomiting. When prescribing drugs from the second group - mucolytics - liquefaction of the contents of the bronchi occurs without increasing its volume.
- They also produce a combined medicine that suppresses coughing. For older children, it fits perfectly, since it not only affects the center of the cough, but also softens the irritation of the respiratory tract.
All medicines should be selected taking into account the stage of the disease, the manifesting symptoms and the age of the child. It is advisable not to engage in self-medication, but to consult a pediatrician. It is especially important to ask for medical help in case of a breast infection.
Features of the appearance of a cough reflex and an effective cough medicine for children up to the year
In infants quite often, especially after sleep or feeding, there may be a physiological cough (in the form of rare coughs), not associated with any disease. Since most of the time the child spends on the back, mucus from the nasal passages can sink into the throat, which will cause a cough reflex. May cause it and the ingress of milk or mixture into the respiratory system during feeding or saliva with increased salivation. Also, an external factor can cause such a reaction: dry air, dust or tobacco smoke. Such a cough should not cause much concern, you just need to eliminate the cause of its appearance. If the symptom is intrusive, and the child has a fever or behavior changes, it is imperative to consult a pediatrician.
The peculiarity of the course of colds is that with a dry cough, a so-called "false croup "- edema of the larynx and vocal cords, which leads to a decrease in their lumen, and the child begins to suffocate. This is a very dangerous condition, requiring immediate help from specialists. The account is here for minutes.
Just as dangerous is a wet cough, which in a nursing baby very quickly descends into the lungs, and a common runny nose may soon develop into pneumonia, so that babies with suspicion of bronchitis immediately put in a hospital. If the situation is not so serious, then, choosing a cough medicine for an infant, it must be taken into account that not all dosage forms are suitable for them.
It is good to have at home a special compressor or ultrasonic inhaler that will deliver the medicine directly to the mucous membrane in the airways. You can use solutions for inhalation "Lazolvan" or "Ambrobene" (they are also prescribed for cough and inward). They are convenient in that they are dosed by drop. They can be dissolved in tea, juice or milk. A good cough medicine for children up to the year is Lazolvan cough syrup and its analogs, which contain the active substance ambroxol. The product has practically no side effects.
Preparations for cough treatment in children from the year
An effective cough medicine for children under 2 years old is the mucolytic expectorant "Ambrobene" or its analogues: medicines Ambroxol, Lazolvan, Ambrohexal, Flavamed, Bronhorus. They are used to treat both acute and chronic bronchitis or pneumonia, when chronic obstructive lung disease or bronchial asthma with hard-to-separate sputum, as well as with bronchoectatic disease.
The medicine for wet coughing to a child, very convenient and safe enough for children of different ages, - the drug "Bromhexin 8 Berlin-Chemie" (or its analogues: means "Bronchostop", "Flegamin"), having mucolytic (secretolitic) and expectorant action and a slight antitussive effect. For one-year-old children, it can be used as a drop, solution or syrup. The disadvantages of this drug can be attributed to the fact that the therapeutic effect is manifested only after 2-5 days after the first use.
It is possible to dilute and speed up the secretion of the use in children from 6 months of herbal medicines, such as cough syrups "Gedelix" and "Linkas." When using them, it is necessary to take into account the possible manifestation of an allergic reaction. Preparations based on vegetable raw materials are recommended for children over 2 years of age.
Cough syrups based on herbal extracts
To facilitate a wet cough in a child, medicines can be chosen made from natural raw materials. In addition to common mucolytic drugs, such as "Syrup altea" or "Licorice root syrup", produce a multitude of multi-component products, including extracts of herbs in various combinations. It is necessary to study their composition well before use if the child has allergies to plants.
Cedar syrup "Gedelix" on the basis of ivy extract is a cough medicine for children effective for kids aged from several months. It is used as an expectorant for infections in the upper respiratory tract and for bronchitis, accompanied by the formation of hard-to-separate sputum. After its application, the excretion of mucus as a result of its liquefaction and softening of its coughing is accelerated. When using this syrup for the treatment of an infant, the required dose should be diluted with boiled water and observe if an allergic reaction has occurred.
To reduce the intensity and increase the productivity of cough, you can buy "Lincas" syrup, which also has an anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect. In its composition, you can see the extracts of the leaves adhatoda, licorice root, pepper, violets, hyssop medicinal, althaea and others. In the absence of a child's allergy, this drug can be recommended as an excellent cough medicine for children under 2 years.
A good expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect is the "Bronchicum" syrup, which reduces the viscosity of the secretion and accelerates its evacuation. The effect of this drug is based on the properties of the root of the primrose and thyme. Extracts of these herbs envelop the irritated mucous membrane, which facilitates a sensation of perspiration in the throat and softens the cough.
For better separation of sputum with a damp cough, use the agent "Herbion syrup plantain". This drug also has an immunomodulatory effect, protecting the respiratory epithelial cells from damage and increasing the body's resistance to infections.
Synthetic medicines for the treatment of wet cough
Children over the age of two years with diseases with hard-to-be secret will help syrup "Ascoril", which is a combined remedy, whose action - bronchodilator, expectorant and mucolytic - is based on the properties of bromhexine, guaifenesin and salbutamol. He is prescribed for such ailments as bronchial asthma, pneumonia, obstructive bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, emphysema, pulmonary tuberculosis, whooping cough and others.
A good medicine for a child from cough is the drug "Ats", which helps in liquefaction of phlegm (including purulent) and its expectoration. It is prescribed for diseases of the respiratory system, accompanied by the formation of thick mucus, such as acute and chronic bronchitis, including obstructive, bronchiectasis, tracheitis, cystic fibrosis, pneumonia and the like, as well as with certain ENT diseases (laryngitis, acute or chronic sinusitis, inflammation of the middle ear) and paracetamol poisoning (as an antidote). Children can use it from the age of 2 in the minimum dosage.
Treatment of dry cough with drugs that suppress its occurrence
A great concern may be a dry cough in the child. Medicines for its treatment can be divided into two groups. The first include drugs that suppress cough centrally.
This group of drugs is not recommended to be used without prescribing a doctor, especially if it is a small child. Their use is justified only in the case of a prolonged dry nausea cough causing pain, vomiting or interfering with sleep. In such a situation, it is possible to use a medicine that suppresses coughing. For children with this purpose, prescribe drugs "Sinekod", "Tusuprex", "Glaucin" or "Libexin", depressing the work of the center of cough in the brain. For infants (only by prescription of a doctor), you can purchase the "Sinekod" remedy in the form of drops. The most important thing is that when you buy these drugs, you need to remember that they are consumed only with a dry cough and do not combine with funds that increase mucus outflow.
Similar effect is also possessed by drugs of combined action, such as "Tussin plus", "Broncholitin" and "Stoptussin" syrups. They, along with suppressing the cough reflex, envelop the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, soften the cough, help to eliminate inflammation and stimulate immunity. They are prescribed for dry and irritating cough of various nature, as well as in pre- and postoperative periods to facilitate coughing.
Drugs for the treatment of dry cough
To ease the condition with a dry cough in a two-year-old child in the absence of allergies, you can use the drug "Herbion syrup primrose." It is also used as an expectorant for inflammation of the respiratory tract with the formation of a viscous secretion (bronchitis, tracheitis, tracheobronchitis).
Effective cough medicine for children 3 years - a combined drug "Dr. Mom: a cough syrup," which includes aloe, basil, sacred, elecampane, ginger, turmeric, licorice and other plants. It has a pronounced bronchodilator, mucolytic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect. It is recommended for dry cough or cough with hard-to-recover sputum in children from the age of three (with pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis). Contraindication for its use is the individual intolerance of some of its components.
Drugs for coughing a lot, and to choose a cough medicine for children, you need to proceed from each case, taking into account all contraindications and dosages. It is advisable to consult a pediatrician beforehand. To effectively combat colds of various nature, in addition to cough suppressants, it is necessary to use drugs that enhance immunity. The child is given peace and a special regime. It is necessary to give the baby a lot of fluid and maintain the humidity in the room. If the child does not have temperature - you can use warming with dry heat and rubbing with medicinal ointments. That is, treatment should be comprehensive.
Antitussive, expectorant for dry cough
Coughing is a protective, reflex reaction of the body, which removes the pathological altered bronchial secretion from the respiratory tract. Sometimes it occurs when there are foreign substances in the trachea or bronchi.
Coughing is not a disease, it is a symptom, therefore it should be treated as a manifestation of the underlying disease. The choice of medications that affect cough, depends on the individual characteristics of the person, the type and clinical manifestations of the disease.
The effectiveness of the basic treatment of any disease accompanied by a cough, significantly increases with the rational use of antitussive, mucolytic and expectorants. We will consider the causes of dry cough and drugs used to soften it and transfer it into productive, into humid.
What is the best medicine for dry cough?
The choice of medication depends primarily on the nature of the cough and must be agreed with the physician:
- Cough is dry, painful, painful, unproductive, frequent, leading to a loss of appetite and sleep, choice -antitussives or combination drugs.
- A productive cough, but with a hard to separate, thick, viscous sputum, a choice -mucolytic drugs.
- The cough is productive, with phlegm, and it is not viscous, and not thick - the choice of expectorating cough medicines.
- Mucolytic agents can not be used simultaneously with antitussive drugs.
Dry cough - causes:
Most often, dry cough occurs at the onset of a cold, flu, acute bronchitis, pneumonia, as well as inhaling various substances that irritate the mucous membrane. In the case of a severe attack of dry cough, inspiration is accompanied by a wheezing noise between coughing jerks. This is due to the narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi, larynx or trachea and leads to shortness of breath. Before the attack of dry cough can feel pain with a deep breath.
Causes of dry cough:Read also on the topic:
- Dry cough without fever in adults-causes
- Barking cough in a child - treatment
- Chest Cough - Instruction
- Treatment of dry cough in children and adults
- Why dry cough does not go away, causes of dry cough
- Herbion from dry and wet cough - instruction
- Sinecode - instructions for use
- Causes of dry cough without fever
- Inhalation with bronchitis and laryngitis
- Allergic cough - symptoms
- Antibiotics for bronchitis
- Laryngitis in a child - treatment
- Viral, infectious diseases - ARVI, influenza, parainfluenza, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.
- Allergy-allergic rhinitis, allergy to dust, chemicals, may be the initial sign of asthma.
- Bronchospasm - spasm in the bronchial tubes
- Medicines that reduce high blood pressure - enalapril maleate, caproptil, lisinopril.
- Reflex response to smoke, cold air, sharp odor
Strong dry cough - what to treat?
The better to cure a dry cough? The use of antitussives is considered advisable only at conditions when the cough is strong and often dry (exhausting) and only as prescribed by the doctor.
If the cough is dry, unproductive, it should first be transferred to the moist one, and then use mucolytic or expectorant drugs. And also with an unproductive cough, combined drugs that have both antitussive and expectorant effect are effective:
Sinekod - instructions for use
Dosage Form: Tablets for children in syrup and in drops for oral administration.
Pharmacological action: Sinekod - antitussive drug, has a direct effect on the cough center. Has an expectorant property, has a moderate anti-inflammatory, bronchodilating effect, improves spirometry. It is indicated for acute dry cough of various origin.
Contraindications: Do not use in pregnant and lactating women. Children under 2 months are contraindicated, children under 3 years can not use syrup, only drops, tablets are contraindicated for children under 12 years.
Side effects: Nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, allergic reactions.
Price: syrup 220 rubles, a drop of 320 rubles. AnalogOmnitussyrup 150 rubles, tab. 190 rubles.
Herbion - plantain syrup
Dosage form: syrup
Pharmacological action: Herbion - a combined medicine of plant origin, has antitussive, expectorant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect. In the composition extracts of flowers mallow and grass plantain lanceolate. The drug softens and relieves dry cough.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to herbal preparations, intolerance to fructose. Take precautions with diabetes.
Side effects: Allergic reactions.
Price: the average price for pharmacies is 220 rubles.
Dosage form: elixir, syrup
Pharmacological properties: Kodelak Phyto-combined antitussive. Contains codeine and extracts of thermopsis, thyme and licorice. Has an expectorant effect.
Contraindications: bronchial asthma, children under 2years old, pregnant and lactating women, with respiratory insufficiency and hypersensitivity to the plant components of the drug.
Side effects: allergic reactions, nausea, vomiting, headache, drowsiness, constipation. With prolonged use, drug dependence develops to codeine.
Price: 130-140 rub.
Dosage form: tablets, drops for internal administration
Pharmacological action: Stopoutsin - combined antitussive and secretolitic action. The composition includes butamirate citrate, which has a local anesthetic, bronchodilator and antitussive action, and Guaifenesin reduces the viscosity of sputum, improving its departure. Effective with dry cough in children and adults.
Contraindications: Children under 1 year of age and pregnancy during 1 trimester should not be used.
Side effects: Allergic reactions, rarely - vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache.
Price: drops 70-80 rubles., Tablets 130-140 rubles.
Dosage form: syrup, elixir, lozenges
Pharmacological action: Combined drug with anti-inflammatory, expectorant, bronchodilator effect. The syrup and tablets contain the extract of thyme herb, and the elixir also contains the root extract of the primrose. Bronchicum is universal, it is an effective expectorant for dry cough and damp. At the stage of the disease, when a dry cough Bronchicum helps to cope with severe attacks, transferring a dry cough to wet. Then, with a damp cough, he facilitates expectoration of the sputum, contributing to its excretion from the lungs.
Contraindications: Syrup is contraindicated for children under 6 months, and children under 6 years of age should not take troches, patients with significant impaired liver and kidney function, with individual intolerance, during pregnancy and lactation.
Side effects: irritation of the gastric mucosa, allergic reactions.
Price: 270 rubles.
Dosage form: syrup
Pharmacological action: Broncholitin is a combined preparation of antitussive, bronchodilating and bronchoseptic action. The composition includes Glaucina hydrobromide, which has a depressing effect on the cough center, a mild anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect. Basil oil has a minor sedative, antimicrobial, antispasmodic property. Ephedrine stimulates breathing, dilates the bronchi, has a vasoconstrictive effect, thereby eliminating the edema of the bronchial mucosa.
Contraindications: heart failure, children under 3 years of age, pregnant and lactating women should not be used.
Side effects: tachycardia, tremor, insomnia, drowsiness, visual impairment, nausea, vomiting, difficulty urinating, rash, increased sweating.
Price: 60 rubles.
Dosage form: tablets
Pharmacological action: Libexin is an antitussive remedy of peripheral action. It has a local anesthetic, bronchodilator effect, its antitussive effect is approximately comparable to codeine. Unlike codeine, Libexin does not cause dependence, does not affect the central nervous system. With chronic bronchitis has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Contraindications: diseases, with the release of abundant bronchial secretion, with caution used in childhood, in pregnancy is not recommended.
Side effects: dry mouth, temporary numbness in the oral mucosa, mild sedative effect, skin rash.
Price: 260-280 rub.
When the cough is not so dry, you can use this herbal preparation.
Dosage form: Brown syrup, the composition includes extracts of 10 medicinal plants - flowers althea, onosmy, hyssop, violets, alpinia, fruits of long pepper, licorice root, adhatoha leaves, etc.
Pharmacological action: Linkas - a combined preparation of plant origin, reduces the intensity cough, increases its productivity, has mucolytic, expectorant, and anti-inflammatory effect.
Contraindications: Children under 6 months of use is not recommended, with hypersensitivity to herbal remedies, use with caution in diabetes mellitus.
Side effects: allergic reactions.
Price: 130-140 rub.
To prescribe and determine the duration of administration of the listed medicinal, expectorant drugs with a dry cough should be the attending physician. There are cases when, with a painful, debilitating, non-productive cough, medications do not help, and simple methods of traditional medicine, such as mustard plasters, banks, steam inhalations, warming ointments and creams bring considerable relief and quickly transfer dry cough to wet.
The best cough remedy. The best remedy for dry cough
What is cough is known to many, because not always this condition is associated with illness. In this way the body clears the respiratory tract from viruses, bacteria, dust or foreign bodies that have got into them. Cough can be caused by different reasons, but in any case it irritates and does not allow to work and rest normally. In most cases, it signals a serious illness and requires immediate treatment. Many people are looking for the best cough remedy, but it's impossible to understand the abundance of drugs without the help of a doctor. After all, if you choose the wrong medicine, you can only aggravate the problem. Therefore, before you start treatment, you need to consult a doctor and determine what cough worries the patient. In addition, in most cases, even the best cough remedy will not help, if its cause is not eliminated. On the contrary, it can only get worse.
Types of cough
Depending on the characteristics of the disease and you need to choose the drugs. After all, different drugs have different effects. And before you determine the best cough remedy, you need to know what it is. Usually, the instructions to the medicine indicate which form it is treating.
- Dry cough can occur for various reasons. In general, it causes irritation of the mucous by chemical or physical factors. It also occurs with viral infection and colds.
- A wet cough is characterized by the spitting of sputum accumulating in the lungs or bronchi. It can be unproductive when it is viscous and coughs up with difficulty. Or wet, when there is a lot of sputum.
Causes of coughing
- Catarrhal and infectious diseases - tonsillitis, tracheitis or SARS. They can be viral or bacterial. This is the most common cause of cough.
- Inflammatory diseases of the bronchi and lungs - bronchitis, pneumonia, lung abscess or tuberculosis.
- Allergic reactions, such as bronchial asthma.
- Irritation of the respiratory tract by chemical substances or dust.
- Heart failure.
- Ingestion of foreign body in the respiratory tract.
- Organic brain damage or neurosis.
- Taking certain medications, for example, drugs that lower blood pressure.
How correctly to cure cough?
Without determining the cause, it caused, to cope with the symptom will be almost impossible. And in some cases, and completely contraindicated taking antitussive or expectorant funds. But most often, when they are looking for the best cough remedy, they try to eliminate the most common cause of it - infectious and inflammatory diseases. In this case, you need to remember that the disease begins most often with a dry cough, which eventually turns into a wet cough. Therefore, treatment should be changed during the course of the illness. It is not recommended to suppress dry cough, it is necessary to try to translate it into a more productive one, so that the bacteria and viruses that caused the disease come out with phlegm. And with an allergic cough, on the contrary, preparations are prescribed that suppress the cough reflex and antihistamines. If the cough has arisen on the nerves or on the background of heart failure, you do not need to take any additional medicines at all. Having cured the underlying disease, a person gets rid of it.
Features of the action of cough drugs
When the cause and type of the disease is clear, then you can choose the drug for its treatment. All of them have different effects:
- Suppress the cough reflex. Such drugs can be based on narcotic drugs, and they can be purchased only on prescription. They are needed if the cough is painful and dry. He does not allow to communicate, eat, or sleep. But in no case can they drink with a damp cough, so that there is no stagnation of phlegm in the lungs.
- Expectorants increase the production of sputum and facilitate its excretion by stimulating the bronchi. Such medicines are used only for the treatment of a damp cough, if it is dry, they will be useless.
- If there are a lot of sputum, but she coughs up with difficulty, you need to use mucolytics. These are the means that dilute it and facilitate the excretion.
- There are also local cough remedies. They treat it with an anti-inflammatory and aseptic effect. Sometimes they have a local anesthetic effect, and if the cough was caused by irritation of the respiratory tract, it stops.
- Recently, there have appeared combined preparations that contain various substances and complex effects on the respiratory tract.
Types of cough drugs
- Tablets or capsules. Most often they are used to treat cough in adults. This form of the drug is convenient, if the treatment is long, and the drug should be taken several times. After all, they are easy to take with you and drink at work or on the road.
- Effervescent soluble tablets or powders have a more rapid effect, by facilitating absorption and a large amount of water drunk. But they can have a negative impact on the gastrointestinal tract.
- Syrups, drops and medicines are most often used to treat children, since they have a pleasant taste. They are also easily and quickly absorbed.
- Tablets or lozenges for absorption are used mainly in the treatment of cough caused by infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract or allergic reaction.
- Means for inhalation, rinsing and compresses are used to relieve cough that has appeared as a result of inflammation.
In many cases, a dry cough is so painful and exhausting to a person that the only way to save it will be to suppress it. Such medicines are divided into two groups:
- Means for suppressing dry cough, affecting the cough center in the brain. They are used only in the absence of sputum and come in different bases:
- with narcotic effect - preparations Codeine, Hydrocodone, Morphine Chloride and others, sold only on the prescription of a doctor;
- without narcotic effect - means "Tusuprex", "Sinekod", "Glavent" and others (they can be purchased without a prescription, but it should be used cautiously).
- Drugs that affect the nerve centers of the middle parts of the respiratory tract. This means "Libexin" or "Levopron."
The best remedy for dry cough
But recently, most often prescribe drugs of a new generation, which have a combined effect. With infectious and inflammatory diseases, if cough is unproductive and there is no sputum, complications are possible, since the infection is not eliminated from the respiratory tract. Therefore, we need drugs that do not suppress cough symptoms, but help to sputum. But dry cough often so exhausts the patient that it is necessary to slightly reduce its intensity. Modern combination drugs have this property. The most famous of them are the funds Stoptussin, Tussin plus, Butamirat, Lorain, and others.At the moment, the best remedy for dry cough is the drug "Broncholitin". Its peculiarity is that in addition to antitussive substances (glaucin and ephedrine), it contains basil oil. It expands bronchi, has an anti-inflammatory effect and reduces the viscosity of phlegm. This drug has a mild non-narcotic effect on the cough center and the musculature of the bronchi and is available as a syrup. Therefore, we can say that this is the best cough remedy for children over 3 years old.
How to take medications for dry cough?
Choose a tool you need strictly individually. For example, children are better suited medicine in the form of syrup, and soluble tablets are much faster than usual. But you need to know that, unlike expectorants, even the best cough drug without sputum has many contraindications. You can not take most of these medicines:
- children under 3 years;
- pregnant and lactating women;
- people with allergic reactions;
- those with respiratory failure or bronchial asthma.
In addition, it must be remembered that as soon as sputum begins to depart, it is necessary to change the drug. Suppress such a cough can not be in any case, as this can cause serious complications.
How to treat a wet cough?
It is very important that the sputum accumulating in the respiratory tract recedes easily. Many drugs for the treatment of wet cough are designed to enhance and facilitate its isolation. When there are a lot of sputum, you need to help the airway to get rid of it. Therefore, the composition of drugs for the treatment of wet cough includes substances that restore cells of the broncho-pulmonary tissue. In addition, they dilute sputum itself. Most often, these drugs have an anti-inflammatory effect and contain plant components. The best remedy for a wet cough is Bromhexine. It easily helps to cope with the disease and has few side effects. Therefore, it is given even to children.The "ACC" tool dilutes sputum very well, making it easier to leave. In addition to these, the most popular preparations for wet cough, the following medicines are also effective: Sinupret, Gedelix, Glitsira, Ascoril and some others. But they should be used only according to the doctor's prescription.
The best expectorant
From cough, which is accompanied by a small amount of sputum, there are many medicines. Their purpose is to help in its passage by stimulating the bronchi or reducing its viscosity. Of course, according to the individual reaction, they need to be selected. But there are drugs that are not only effective, but also safe. They include plant components, and they can be given even to children.
- Syrup of licorice root has anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating action and helps to sputum.
- The drug "Mukaltin" has been known for a long time. This medicine is based on the root of the althaea - the best remedy for a damp cough. In addition to the expectorant action, the agent "Mukaltin" has an anti-inflammatory effect and slightly dilutes sputum.
- The drug "Thermopsis" is also a fairly well-known herbal remedy with an expectorant effect. It increases sputum secretion and reduces its viscosity.
How to help the child?
Cough exhausts any person, but is especially bad when children suffer. Respiratory ways of babies are very sensitive to any external influences, and the majority of effective preparations to them is contraindicated. In general, children older than 2 years are given plant-based syrups: the preparation "Pertussin", "Thermopsis", "Doctor Mom", licorice root syrup or althea. Many parents are looking for the best cough remedy for children, not only among official drugs, but also in traditional medicine recipes. Long since this ailment cope with the help of broths of herbs, honey solution, inhalations and compresses.
Despite the abundance of drugs from different types of cough, many are still being treated with home remedies, using old recipes. Conveniently this is because all the ingredients for this are always at hand, and they cause less side effects. What are the most popular recipes?
- The best cough remedy is honey. It is used alone or in combination with other products. Those who do not have allergies to it, successfully cure both dry and wet cough. And such drugs are very popular with children. For example, a mixture of ground hazelnuts with honey. It helps a lot if you mix a spoonful of honey with warm milk or lemon juice. Even just dissolved in water this product works wonders. A juice of radish or onions with honey is the best cough remedy. The testimonies of those who tried it testify that it can cure even a persistent chronic illness.
- Often when coughing it is recommended to drink broths of herbs. It is best to help the chamomile, mother-and-stepmother, elecampane, oregano and sage. They can be used separately or in collections. But to drink such teas you need half a glass several times a day. You can also use such decoctions for inhalations.
- Onions and garlic are also an effective tool for alleviating the condition of the patient when coughing. And they use them both inside and outside for various compresses.
- Many healers recommend using cough to drink the juice of cowberry or viburnum with honey. Some people are helped by fresh carrot juice with milk.
But any means, both official and popular, should be used only after consulting a doctor.
Mucolytic means. Expectorants, thinning medications
As a rule, the disease overtakes when a person is absolutely not ready to meet with her. The most common in modern society are viral infections, as well as diseases associated with the defeat of the respiratory system. Cough accompanying such diseases can be dry and wet, but in any case it is necessary to help the body, removing the mucus from the bronchi. Doctors in the complex therapy of respiratory diseases appoint mucolytic agents that promote the liquefaction of sputum, or expectorant, helping to remove it.
Filling agents for phlegm
In the case of a disease accompanied by a dry, debilitating cough, it is important to clear the bronchi from the accumulated mucus. The organism tries to do this with the help of a cough, however, if the sputum is too thick, then taking it out is not so easy. Doctors, after listening to the patient's complaints about a dry, "barking" cough, usually appoint mucolytic drugs that help liquefy sputum. Mucolytics specialists are divided into two groups: direct and indirect action. Both of them stimulate the work of the bronchial glands due to the reflex irritation of the mucous membrane and, ultimately, contribute to the dilution of sputum. The doctor decides the question of the agent of what action to assign to the patient, having studied the nature of the disease and the picture of the course of the pathological process. That is why self-medication is not recommended, since the cough medicine that will help one person can be completely useless for another. Mucolytic drugs of direct action include cysteine, acetylcysteine, trypsin. Indirect effects have bromhexine, ambroksol.
The main groups of mucolytics
Experts traditionally subdivide mucolytics into three types:
- helping to reduce the density of mucus
- sputum-promoting sputum
- helping to reduce the amount of mucus.
The drugs of the first group are assigned to those patients whose cough is too dry, not accompanied by sputum. They strengthen the secretory function of the bronchi, dilute the mucus, thereby facilitating its excretion. In the event that sputum is excreted, however, its amount is insignificant, while the mucus that is released is too thick and viscous, a mucolytic remedy for a second type of cough is prescribed. Medications related to the third kind of mucolytics, doctors use to treat cough accompanied by a significant discharge of thick mucus.
Mucolytics of vegetable originI
The use of plants for medicinal purposes came to us from the ancestors of the Slavs. Many herbs and flowers are known as a wonderful and effective remedy for cough and cold, while virtually no undesirable effects. As a rule, pharmacology uses herbal preparations, extracts, dry medicines, which have an anti-inflammatory effect, which help to reduce mucosal edema. Drugs based on thyme affect the upper respiratory tract, reducing inflammation in the throat. Such drugs include "Bronchicum". A cough medicine containing an extract of ivy leaves and an althaea root has a pronounced mucolytic effect and creates conditions for easy excretion of sputum. Means that combine thyme extract and plantain in their composition effectively heal tracheitis and bronchitis, accompanied by a difficult sputum discharge. Such medicines include tablets from cough "Mukaltin" and syrup "Linkas".
Means for children
For the treatment of cough in children, as a rule, use drugs on a plant basis. They are prescribed for diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract in children, more prolonged diseases of the lungs and bronchi. One of such medicines is "Mukaltin". Tablets, the instruction for the use of which permits their use in pediatrics, are actively prescribed as a medicine for the treatment of severe cough in small patients. No less popular means for children is the syrup "Alteika", as well as "Pertussin", "Stoptussin", "Bronhicum". All these preparations are safe to use because of their plant origin. They reduce the density of sputum, improve the excretory function of the bronchi. Mucolytic agents for children, as a rule, do not present any harm to the baby, but before application follows always consult a pediatrician, and the treatment should be under the supervision of doctors.
Medications for adults
A modern pharmacy network offers a wide range of mucolytic drugs. Some are designed to treat only the adult category of patients, the main contraindication to the use of such drugs is the children's age of up to 12 years. The most common mucolytics for adults are:
- "Herbion" "syrup).
- "Lazolvan" in syrup.
- "Broncholitin" (potion).
- "Prospan" (mixture).
- Syrup of primrose.
- Licorice root syrup.
- "Ambroxol" in tableted form;
- "Bromhexine" (in tablets and potions).
These drugs are the most common antitussive drugs. Some of them are plant-based, others are in turn synthetic. But both are equally effective in diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
In pharmacies there is also a fairly wide range of drugs for the treatment of child cough. In the majority it is also mucolytic agents. The list of the most common children's cough suppressants is as follows:
- Gedelix in the drops.
- "Doctor MOM" in syrup.
- "Mukaltin" (tablets).
- Licorice root syrup.
Dry baby cough mixture.
- Syrup "Pertussin".
Given that these preparations contain plant components, one should take into account the absence or presence of an allergic reaction to the components of medicinal products.
Action of expectorants
Expectorants are designed to remove mucus from the bronchi, effectively while cleaning the respiratory tract. As a rule, gradually the sputum is significantly reduced, the cough gradually passes. The first group of expectorants has a pronounced irritant effect on the gastrointestinal tract, stimulating the vomiting reflex. But before vomiting it does not reach, mucus production in the respiratory ways simply increases, so the bronchi are cleared and gradually healed. The second group of expectorant drugs acts directly on bronchial mucosa, thereby stimulating their secretion. The effect of such expectorants is somewhat similar to that produced by mucolytic agents.
Expectorants for coughing
Expectorants in the modern pharmacy range are presented in the form of herbal preparations and synthetic medicines. The decision on the appointment of a drug is taken by a doctor, taking into account the presence or absence of cough accompanied by the release of viscous and hard-to-recover sputum. the most popular among patients are the "Lazolvan", "Prospan", "ACC 200", "ACC Long", "Sinekod", "Bronchostop", "Ambroene" and other drugs.
Use of expectorants for the treatment of children
It is quite common to treat cough in children using expectorants. Despite the availability of a group of these drugs in the pharmacy network and their free over-the-counter sales, doctors warn parents that self-medication with such drugs is dangerous for kids. In search of what can be defined as a good expectorant, parents should contact the pediatrician. The doctor will be able to correctly determine the nature of the course of the pathological process in the child and choose the optimal treatment. Some expectorants for children can have a double action: mucolytic and expectorant (for example, "Mukaltin"). Tablets, the instruction for the use of which stipulates its diluting sputum properties, also contribute to its removal from the bronchi. In the event that the baby has a cough wet, liquid sputum under the action of mucaltin will, liquefying even more, accumulate intensively, closing the lumen of the bronchi from the inside. The child is threatened with bronchial obstruction, and the wrong treatment will be the fault.
Expectorants for children
Many expectorants have a herb of thermopsis in their composition. These are such medicines as "Termopsol" tableted form, "Tablets from cough", "Kodelak Broncho" in the form of tablets and in syrup. The use of these drugs for the comprehensive treatment of diseases in children should be approached with caution, since even with a slight overdose, a baby may experience vomiting. Moreover, the components of these drugs stimulate the respiratory function, followed by oppression. Therefore, parents should use such expectorants strictly according to the doctor's prescription, while respecting the dosage prescribed by the doctor. You should know that the drug "Kodelak" belongs to the group "Expectorants and mucolytic agents", therefore The question of the use of this remedy for the treatment of children is decided by a specialist without fail.
Herbal Remedies for Toddlers
Effective drugs for cough treatment in children are also based on althea. Most parents respond positively to the treatment of coughing in their babies with expectorants such as "Mukaltin", "Alteika" syrup. These drugs belong to the group of plant, and therefore are considered to some extent safe. However, you should know that side effects when using these medicines also take place, there are also contraindications that must be taken into account. First of all, it is an allergic reaction to the components of the drug, the presence in the anamnesis of the baby of other somatic disorders, for example, the gastrointestinal tract. The question of the appropriateness of the use of herbal preparations for the treatment of children is also decided by a graduate doctor.
Cough treatment in adult patients
Most people believe that a good expectorant in treating a cough is an expensive and highly advertised medicine. Often such an opinion turns out to be erroneous, since the drug that helps to eliminate a specific pathological condition will be effective. The cost of a medicine does not depend on its effectiveness and effectiveness, but is formed from the policy of the pharmaceutical company and the manufacturer. Cough, in which there is no sputum, is considered dry. Most often, doctors recommend drugs that suppress cough: "Sinekod", "Codeine", "Kofeks."If the sputum is poorly sputumed, absolutely different preparations will be effective - not suppressing cough, but facilitating liquefaction of phlegm. The most popular are "Gedelix", "Lazolvan", "Prospan". Wet cough, as a rule, is accompanied by a plentiful accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract, therefore doctors recommend expectorants that do not have a pronounced mucolytic property: Ambroxol, Bromgexin, Erespal. Correctly selected medication is a pledge of a quick and full recovery, therefore doctors do not recommend self-medication to children or adults.
Treatment of cough in the smallest
Coughing toddlers, as a rule, delivers many unpleasant minutes to parents and the child. Children of up to a year are banned from many groups of mucolytic drugs, since the harm from their use by infants significantly exceeds the benefit. Pediatricians claim that expectorant thinners for babies are selected with extreme caution, since uncontrolled self-medication can lead to severe complications in the airways. Of the children permitted to expectorants for a year, one can distinguish "Gedelix", licorice root syrup, "Pertussin". From the age of six months, babies can also be treated with dry cough syrup. In severe forms of pulmonary disease in children, "Lazolvan", "Bromhexin" syrup, and "Ambrobene" are effective agents.
Rules for the Determination of an Effective Drug for Children
Select a drug for cough treatment in the baby should only a specialist pediatrician, otherwise there is a big risk of harming the health of the child. Many mucolytic drugs are allowed only after two years, so parents need to take a responsible approach to treatment, strictly follow the recommendations of children's doctors. Before you start choosing and purchasing a medicine for your baby, you need to show the child to the doctor and listen to his recommendations.