Nephrotic syndrome: treatment of nephrosis in children and adults

Nephrotic syndrome , or nephrosis is a common disease of the human body, in children and adults, developing under the influence of various toxins on the tubules and glomeruli of the kidneys that undergo rebirth. Violated lipid and protein metabolism in the body.

Today we will consider the symptoms, treatment and prevention of nephrotic syndrome folk remedies and medicines at home and in the hospital. Nephrotic syndrome is acute and chronic.

CONTENTS

Nephrotic syndrome: acute and chronic: Acute symptoms

nephrosis

can be represented as three variants of the disease - febrile albuminuria, sublimate nekronefroz and post-transfusion nekronefroz.

Chronic nephrosis

Most often develops as a result of permanent and long-acting body poisoning. This can occur with tuberculosis, syphilis, malaria or chronic poisoning with various substances( arsenic, mercury, etc.).

In chronic nephrosis, fatty degeneration of the renal tissue - lipoid nephrosis usually occurs, as a result of which the working tissue of the kidneys is replaced by a non-working fat tissue. Of course, the kidneys cease to function in normal mode, and later completely stop their work.

In patients with chronic lipid nephrosis, patients most often complain of significant swelling and a constant presence of protein in the urine in laboratory tests. As a rule, blood pressure does not increase, there is no blood in the urine.

The disease begins with the appearance of a puffiness of the face( first in the morning, then this phenomenon becomes permanent).Gradually, edema increases and spreads throughout the body. Especially a lot of fluid accumulates in the lower abdomen and lower limbs. The genitals swell, making urination difficult. Edema fluid accumulates in the thoracic and abdominal cavities, making breathing difficult. Sometimes the swelling is so great that the skin on the cheeks bursts and through the wounds a clear liquid oozes.

Patients quickly weaken, they are concerned with headaches, shortness of breath, palpitations. Urine is a murky color, patients complain of persistent diarrhea.

Chronic nephrosis can last for many years with frequent periods of improvement and deterioration. Recovery is rare. Since with the liquid the body loses a large amount of protein, the patients weaken, their resistance to infections is significantly reduced, and therefore they die most often from accidentally joined infection.

Treatment of a nephrotic syndrome with folk remedies

Traditional medicine should be used only as an addition to the basic traditional medical treatment.

Tea from St. John's Wort, lingonberries and strawberry in equal parts. For taste, you can add a sheet of black currant. Drink 2-3 months until the urine tests are back to normal.

An old folk remedy is recommended by healers in inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and liver: grate the black radish on , squeeze the juice through gauze, mix it with with honey ( one liter of juice for 300 g of honey).Drink two tablespoons before meals and at night.


100 g young spring birch leaves chop, pour 2 cups of warm boiled water. Insist six hours. Strain, squeeze and take 1/2 cup 3 times daily before meals.

Composition of :

  1. Grind 1 tablespoon of aspen bark, pour 200 ml of vodka and put in a warm, dark place for 7 days. Strain.
  2. Tablespoon the root of the althea chop, boil for 5 minutes on low heat. Insist 1 hour. Strain.
  3. 1 tablespoon herb shepherd's bag pour a glass of boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain.

Mix in one dish the broth, tincture and infusion. Take one quarter of the glass three times daily before meals.

Decoction of fruits( and the fruits themselves) blueberries are useful in inflammatory diseases of the kidneys.

Drink at all times with the ground peel of apples( powdered).A tablespoon of powdered peel pour a glass of water. Boil three minutes, take one third of the glass three times a day.


Drink 2-3 cups daily rose hips daily.

Dried herb "bear ears" brew and drink as tea with inflammatory diseases of the kidneys.

In case of kidney diseases it is useful to drink aspen bark instead of water( two tablespoons of crushed bark per 1 liter).

Tea from fresh melon flowers, is useful as well as powder from its seeds( 1 g three times a day).

For patients with inflammatory diseases of the kidneys it is useful to carry out unloading "watermelon days" once a week: during the day, eat only 1-1.5 kg of watermelon pulp. Such days greatly facilitate the work of the kidneys, liver, gall bladder.

Collection 1 :

  1. licorice root - 1 part,
  2. bearberry leaves - 3 piece,
  3. flowers cornflower - 1 piece.

Pour a tablespoon of the mixture into a glass of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. Take three times a day for one-third of the glass as an anti-inflammatory and diuretic. Arachnid officinalis( watercress). The plant is only used fresh. Take 2-3 handfuls of leaves in the form of a vitamin salad for 2-3 weeks.

Medications: drugs, medicines, antibiotics, diet

Treatment of nephrotic syndrome is to affect the causal factors that caused this condition.

The most important pathogenetic therapy with corticosteroids, which leads to a long-term improvement in the condition of patients. The doctor prescribes corticosteroids and controls the treatment.

To eliminate edema, use of non-nutrient diuretics is indicated( for example, Hypothiazide 50-100 mg per day 2-3 days a week with simultaneous giving 2-3 g of potassium chloride per day).

In the presence of foci of infection shows the use of antibiotics - Penicillin 200,000 units 4 times a day.

Immunization is contraindicated in patients( tetanus toxoid).During the period of remission, climatic treatment in dry and warm terrain( Bayram-Ali, Kyrgyzstan, Southern Coast of Crimea) is beneficial.

Prophylaxis is different depending on the diseases that caused the nephrotic syndrome. Diet of patients with nephrotic syndrome( without renal failure) should be high-calorie, rich in high-grade protein( 2 g per 1 kg of body weight without edema) and vitamins, poor salt( 2-3 g).

The help of phytotherapy consists in the appointment of patients with diuretic herbal medicines and preparations containing a large number of vitamins. The amount of fluid intake must be sharply limited. It is necessary that the patient's diet is constantly present a large amount of protein, and minimal - table salt.

The main food for such patients can be cottage cheese, bread without salt, unsalted meat, milk, eggs, sour cream. You can add dill, parsley, vinegar, mushrooms, celery, onions, lemon, cloves, etc. to the first and second dishes to improve the taste.

Related videos

Nephrotic syndrome in children: symptoms and treatment - Sergeeva TV

professor, doctor of medical sciences T. V. Sergeeva, Scientific Center of Children's Health, http://www.nczd.ru. Lecture Nephrotic syndrome in children, Moscow, 2014

Urinalysis and blood tests for nephrotic syndrome

Clinic "Moscow Doctor".

Acute nephritic syndrome is characterized by the sudden occurrence of hematuria and proteinuria, signs of azotemia( decreased glomerular filtration rate), a delay in the body of salts and water, and hypertension.

Source: Allega G.N. Official and traditional medicine. The most detailed encyclopedia.- Moscow: Izd-vo Eksmo, 2012.