To begin with it is necessary to define the disease. These are changes in the position of the foot, which appear in connection with the lowering of the longitudinal or transverse arch of the foot. With this disease, the function of the leg is lost, as a cushioning effect. Therefore, the entire load is shifted to the hip joint and back. Simply put, this flattening of the foot, leading to painful effects and complications associated with the skeleton.
- Symptoms and signs of flatfoot
- Flat-footedness (photo)
- The causes of flatfoot
- How to determine flat feet at home
- The first method - paints and a sheet of paper
- The second method is to draw lines
- How to check flatfoot at home using the method of Frinland
- Approximate chance of disease occurrence
- How to determine flat feet in children at home
- What are the degrees of flatfoot
- What is the danger of flatfoot
- Possible complications
- Treatment of flat feet
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The essence of the shock-absorbing effect is that when walking the load is distributed evenly between the joints and the spine.
Symptoms and signs of flatfoot
Many people do not pay due attention to the first signs of the appearance of flat feet. And after all so it is possible to suspect disease at an early stage is a worn out footwear in the internal party. At the first stage it can be manifested in the form of combed heels on its side, and the third degree of flat feet is the complete shift of shoes to the inside.
Symptoms that are worth paying attention to are fast fatigue with long walking, pain in the back and spine, not being able to stand for a long time in one place, the appearance of swelling in the legs, and night convulsions. In women, the formation of flat feet can be accompanied by headaches, severe leg pain when wearing heels. In most cases, the size of the foot increases, because the arch of the foot is stretched.
The causes of flatfoot
For the correct definition of flatfoot you need to know the causes of the occurrence, there may be the following:
- Narrow and uncomfortable shoes. Women who wear a rather high heel are more likely to suffer. Narrowed noses adversely affect the position of the foot.
- Passive way of life. Small activity leads to the fact that the muscles relax, lose elasticity and, as a consequence, flat feet develop.
- May appear in pregnant women. This is due to the increase in the weight of the girl, the baby grows and the load on the legs increases.
- Excess weight negatively affects the position of the foot. Muscles simply can not cope with the pressure exerted on them.
- Congenital diseases of the foot or leg muscles.
- The cause may be rickets or poliomyelitis, but it is rare.
Attention!In a separate item, affecting the development of flat feet, allocate shoes with a flat sole or low planting. The leg necessarily has to take an uncomfortable form.
How to determine flat feet at home
If such symptoms appear, then it is advisable to check for the presence of flat feet. There are several options for home detection.
The first method - paints and a sheet of paper
The bottom line is to smear your feet with any coloring and easily washable substance, and stand on any white sheet of paper.
Attention!During the procedure can not be based. It is necessary to stand only straight.
When viewing the resulting picture, draw a conclusion. If the entire foot area is painted over, then the disease is unequivocally present. If there is a recess from the inside of the foot and the space between the front part and the heel, then there are no problems with the legs.
Attention!If the gap between the upper and lower parts of the foot is not observed, then one of the types of flatfoot is observed.
It is worth noting that this way to check the kids will not work. You should also note errors that may appear in the process. The main thing is to lubricate the foot well. If the solution is liquid, then a clear pattern will not work, it will affect the quality.
The second method is to draw lines
First everything is done the same way as in the previous paragraph: the paint is taken and the stop is smeared, then you need to stand on a piece of paper. After the procedure, it is necessary to draw a line from the base of the thumb to the middle of the heel. The second straight line is drawn from the center of the heel to the gap between the index and middle fingers. If the groove in the figure goes to the right for both lines - flat foot is not observed.
How to check flatfoot at home using the method of Frinland
It is necessary to measure the height and length of the foot. After that, the first indicator is multiplied by one hundred and divided by the length. If the figures in the limit from 29 to 31 turned out to be the norm. If the result falls into the gap less than normal - there is a disease.
Approximate chance of disease occurrence
At home, you can determine the approximate chance of flat feet. No difficulties should arise.
If you look at the foot and see that it is narrow with the protruding above the other thumb, then you do not have to worry. The risk of flatfoot is approximately 50 percent. This leg is called Egyptian.
If the foot is wide with two fingers that are equal in length (large and indexed), then, unfortunately, the risk is quite large. It is recommended to walk more without shoes and periodically massage the foot.
If the index finger is outstretched to the others, and the width of the foot is not large, then there is a risk, but rather small.
How to determine flat feet in children at home
It should be said that even in the womb of the mother's legs are unnatural. The normal position they take when the muscles begin to strengthen. Therefore, in very tiny children, it is almost impossible to do this. Up to 4-5 years, the leg has not yet fully formed. For the rest, this is rather difficult, but possible. There are two main criteria:
- Socks can be turned inwards;
- when walking the support goes to the inside;
- swelling of one or two feet.
It is advisable to apply immediately to an orthopedic surgeon. Only an experienced specialist can make the correct diagnosis.
Attention!Flat feet are more easily treated since childhood. The earlier it is revealed, the better. In adults, it is a bit more complicated.
What are the degrees of flatfoot
In the professional sphere, the degree of flatfoot is determined by means of radiography. At home, you can do it using the methods described above. On the sheet with a print you can draw the following conclusions:
- Deepening takes more than a third, but less than half - the first degree;
- less than a third of the print - the second degree;
- a white depression is not observed at all - a third degree.
It is worth noting that the doctor at the inspection determines the angle of the arch and the height. If the first parameter varies in the range from 131 to 140, then the degree of illness is first; from 141 to 155 - the second, from 155 and above - the third.
Sometimes there is a so-called transverse flatfoot. Usually occurs in middle-aged women. The main feature is the turn of the thumb to either side. This at home is easily diagnosed. There are also three degrees.
What is the danger of flatfoot
Flat feet, if left untreated, may threaten the appearance of pain in the joints, feet and spine, there may be a hernia, arthrosis and scoliosis. In addition, the blood supply to the foot is impaired, which affects the whole body negatively.
It can be:
- pain in the joints and back;
- loud and heavy gait;
- weakness of the muscles on the legs;
- bending of fingers;
- the appearance of so-called heel spurs;
- weakening and movement of the knee;
- chance of ingrown nail.
Treatment of flat feet
There are a large number of exercise complexes. Each of them is unique and effective. One example can be cited.
Attention!You can learn how to get rid of flat feet at home.
Sit on a chair and put your feet on the floor. Then you need to press your fingers several times in 3-5 approaches. Then you should lift your toes up, not lifting off the heels. After this, everything changes in places: without moving your fingers, you have to raise your heels 3-5 times. Next, pull up the thumbs, and after the procedure, you need to lift all the fingers. At extreme exercise, the feet should be turned inwards.
For the purpose of prevention, it will be useful to roll any small elastic ball or ball during rest. In addition to the positive effect on the position of the leg, there is an improvement in blood circulation, which is very useful.
In conclusion, it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose flat feet in children. And at home it is quite problematic, but possible. Timely exposure of flat feet - a pledge of good health and lack of many problems. The main thing is to properly diagnose.