Swine flu is an infectious disease that spreads from pigs to humans. The causative agent is virus A (H1N1), which has a 6th class of danger, provokes the epidemic. The swine flu is very difficult - the symptoms appear in an acute form and sharply. Disease can cause the development of many serious comorbidities or death. It is necessary to know and observe the prevention rules to avoid infection.
- Swine flu symptoms in humans
- Symptoms of swine flu in children
- Treatment of swine flu
- Swine flu during pregnancy
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Swine flu symptoms in humans
Swine flu is a very contagious disease that often causes epidemics in cities, and pandemics in countries. The virus is transmitted by airborne and by household means - it retains its activity in the environment for 2 hours.
Important!The main source of infection - sick and infected pigs and people. A person becomes dangerous the day before the appearance of the first signs of the disease, it can be infected even within a week after recovery.
The risk group includes pre-school children, pregnant women, and elderly people over 65 years of age. Often diagnosed with swine flu in adults and children who have a history of oncological and heart disease, serious lung and liver pathologies, diabetes, HIV.
The incubation period of swine flu is 2-4 days, sometimes a week. It is impossible to distinguish the usual flu from the swine alone, both diseases have similar symptoms - an accurate diagnosis can be established only after clinical studies.
At the initial stage, people suffer from severe headaches, sore eyes and eyes, bright light intensifies the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms.
The main symptoms are:
- increase in temperature to 39 degrees, it lasts 3-4 days;
- aches, pain in the muscles, excessive sweating or severe chills;
- nausea, vomiting, stool;
- strong rhinitis;
- Perspiration in the throat, dry, barking cough.
The disease occurs against a background of severe weakness and drowsiness, appetite worsens. If the heat is accompanied by dizziness, confused consciousness, chest pain, urgent medical attention is needed.
Symptoms of swine flu in children
For children, swine flu is very dangerous, especially at the age of 5 years. The disease develops sharply, the temperature can rise to 40, knock it down almost impossible. If you suspect a child's infection with the H1N1 virus, you need to call an ambulance.
What are the symptoms you need urgently to call a doctor:
- rapid and shortness of breath;
- blueing of the skin;
- the child refuses to eat and drink;
- vomiting, regurgitation in infants;
- lethargy or intense agitation.
Important!Swine influenza provokes the development of serious complications - pneumonia, serous meningitis, encephalitis, heart problems, joints.
In the treatment of children it is forbidden to use medicines based on aspirin - this can provoke the development of encephalopathy with edema of the brain, liver failure.
To reduce the temperature, you can use Paracetamol and its derivatives. Authorized antiviral drugs - Grippferon, Anaferon.
Treatment of swine flu
To confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to make PCR diagnosis of mucus from the nasopharynx for the presence of the H1N1 virus, to conduct a virological examination of sputum. At laboratory acknowledgment of the diagnosis, the patient is subject to obligatory hospitalization.
Important!After the transferred swine flu, immunity is developed for 12 months.
Antiviral drugs form the basis of drug therapy for swine flu. In the first days of the disease, the patient is prescribed Interferon - 3-5 drops every 6 hours.
In severe forms of the disease, people who are at risk are prescribed Tamiflu and Repens. The minimum duration of therapy is 5 days. In the treatment of mild and moderate forms of the disease, you can use Arbidol, Viferon, Cycloferon.
Bacterial pneumonia should be treated with antibiotics - Vancomycin, cephalosporins and the latest generation of fluoroquinols.
- antipyretics - Ibuprofen, Paracetamol;
- to drip a nose sosudosuzhivajushchimi drops - Nazivin, Nazole;
- with a strong cough - ACTS, Ambroxol;
- antihistamines - Zodak, Claritin.
During treatment, you need to include in the diet a sufficient amount of protein foods, foods with a high content of ascorbic acid, vitamin A, B. Abundant drink will help to quickly remove from the body of toxic products, you can drink the fruit of black currant, broth of wild rose and black chokeberry. It is necessary to refuse sharp, fried, fatty and salty food.
Swine flu during pregnancy
In future mothers, immunity is weakened, they can easily become infected with swine flu. The longer the gestation period, the higher the likelihood of infection.
Important!Swine influenza is bad for fetal development, especially if infection occurred in the first trimester - the risk of neural tube defects increases 2 times.
In pregnant women, the disease often takes place in severe form, the probability of developing pneumonia, dehydration is high, breathing becomes difficult. Against the background of high fever, miscarriage or premature birth may occur.
During pregnancy, an infected woman should drink more warm drinks, provided that there is no strong puffiness.
Than it is possible to treat a swine flu at pregnant women:
- antiviral drugs for mild forms of the disease - Viferon in the form of suppositories, intramuscular injections of Panavir, Arbidol;
- with severe forms - Tamiflu;
- to reduce the temperature - Ascorutin.
The drug Relenza can be used in the form of inhalations - the drug will act solely on the respiratory system, it does not penetrate the blood and the placenta.
During the swine flu epidemic, all pregnant women are subject to urgent hospitalization when the first signs of intoxication appear.
Specific preventive measures are carried out with vaccines against the virus H1N1 - Padermix, MonoGripol. They protect against swine and seasonal influenza. After vaccination, a person can not get sick, you need to vaccinate every year, but you can not do it during the epidemic.
Important!Vaccination is indicated to all pregnant women, regardless of the period. WHO recommends vaccinations for children, people of advanced age.
As preventive drugs, doctors recommend using Cagacetol, Arbidol, pregnant women - Viferon. Strengthen the protective functions of the body will help onions, garlic, tinctures of ginseng, echinacea, ascorbic acid.
During the epidemic, it is necessary to limit visits to places with large concentrations of people, often wash their hands, wear gauze bandages that need to be changed every 4 hours. Before each exit from the house you need to lubricate the sinuses of the nose with Oxoline ointment.
Swine influenza - a dangerous disease that occurs in severe form, can cause the development of serious pathologies, fixed lethal outcomes of the disease. Timely prevention and vaccination are effective methods of protection against swine flu. Do not self-medicate. When the first signs of infection appear, you need to call a doctor.