Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder, more common in women , due to a shorter urethra than in men .A female bladder needs more frequent emptying than a male bladder. Therefore, 80% - cystitis - is a female problem associated with the anatomical features of the body.
Symptoms and treatment of this disease depend on the nature of the inflammatory process, its location, the type of pathogen and a number of factors.
What is cystitis
Cystitis, depending on the nature of the course of the pathological process can be:
for the localization of inflammation in the urinary system may affect the layers of the bladder:
- of the muscular( submucosal layer);
for morphological changes, cystitis happens:
- is tumor-like.
- bacterial( staphylococci, streptococci, E. coli, ureaplasma, mycoplasma, tuberculosis mycobacterium, gonorrhea), viral, fungal;
- non-bacterial( allergic, medicinal, radiation, toxic, chemical).
- Cystitis can be caused by protozoal infection - chlamydia( called chlamydia ).
Causes of Cystitis in Women and Men
The main cause of cystitis is infection. Microbes enter the bladder from neighboring organs, from the urethra, with blood and lymph flow.
Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and many others listed above are causative agents of cystitis.
Small pelvic diseases such as diverticula, prostatitis, tumors, stones( anything that prevents a normal outflow of urine) also contribute to the development of cystitis. Cystitis may be a consequence of a bladder injury or its exposure( with radiation therapy by a number of lying organs).
In women, the cause of cystitis is the bacterium E. coli and Staphylococcus. These microorganisms enter the bladder from the skin or rectum through the urethra.
- fetal fruition, generic operation;
- infection of the genitals;
- urine stasis in the bladder;
- beriberi, an unbalanced diet;
- hormonal disorders;
- non-compliance with the rules of personal intimate hygiene;
- significant hypothermia of the body, pelvic organs;
- carrying out operations on the cervix, urinary organs.
Usually, the trigger mechanism for the development of cystitis in women and men is hypothermia, it weakens immunity, promotes the multiplication of viruses, bacteria.
The first symptoms, signs of cystitis are common: in women and men
- painful and frequent urge to urinate;
- irrepressible urge to empty the bladder;
- tenderness in the lower abdomen;
- cloudy urine due to the admixture of pus and the sloughing epithelium;
- increased body temperature;
- admixture of blood in the urine.
The last two signs are symptoms of severe cystitis.
Distinguish between acute and chronic cystitis.
Acute cystitis: symptoms
In acute cystitis, patients complain of painful urination, sometimes pus, and pain when feeling the area of the bladder. The urine is turbid, painful over the pubis. On the general analysis of urine, there is an increased amount of white blood cells and a sloughing epithelium.
Chronic cystitis: symptoms of
Is either a consequence of an unresolved acute or concomitant with other diseases of the urinary system, such as prostate adenoma, prostatitis, urolithiasis.
Treatment of both acute and chronic cystitis begins with the selection of the right diet. All acute, acidic, salty, fried foods and especially alcohol should be excluded from food.
An abundant drink is recommended for washing the bladder and urethra. It is very important to identify and eliminate the causes that contribute to the development of cystitis. It is necessary to pay attention to the factors that strengthen the defenses of the body: water procedures, physical exercises, the correct regime of the day.
In the treatment of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis in acute stage, the main focus is on the medicines of official medicine.
PHYTOTHERAPY - AUXILIARY METHOD OF TREATMENT.
And only with chronic processes and in remission, phytotherapy becomes the main method of treatment, because herbs can be treated indefinitely( of course, changing herbs and fees every 1-1.5 months), which can not be tolerated in the treatment of official medicine.
Chronic cystitis has less pronounced symptoms, but differs relapses. Periodically, flashes of exacerbation occur.
Which doctor should I use for cystitis?
If there are symptoms of painful rapid urination with burning and severe pain after bladder emptying, when the bladder seems to be full all of the time, it is necessary to consult a urologist with an increase in body temperature. He will prescribe a general urine test, ultrasound of the bladder, a cytoscopic study.
Women need to visit a gynecologist. Often, cystitis can be caused not only by common bacteria, but combined with infections that are sexually transmitted. A gynecologist will examine, take a swab from the vagina and urethra for the study of microflora.
Men should contact a urologist!
Treatment of cystitis in women and men: general recommendations
Treatment of primary cystitis is a certain mode, creating a "rest" for the bladder.
- Antibacterial agents, thermal procedures are prescribed.
- In all cases - the exclusion of food from spicy spices, spirits.
- A good effect is applied in the first day of the presoccal novocaine blockade( 100 ml of 0.25% solution of Novocain), which relieves spastic contractions of the bladder. For the same purpose, antispastic drugs are prescribed - Belladonna, Papaverin, Platifillin, etc.
- Antibiotic therapy is reduced to treatment with Etazol, Urosulfan and preparations of the nitrofuran series( Furadonin, Furazolidone).
- With persistent flow, antibiotics are prescribed, the choice of which is based on the data of urine culture and antibiograms.
- Usually with such treatment it is possible to remove acute phenomena within 1-2 days.
- In the chronic course of the disease resort to washing the bladder with weak solutions of ethacridine, furacilin, boric acid followed by the introduction of 3 collars in the oil into the cavity.
When the first symptoms of cystitis appear, treatment for women should include taking antibacterial drugs, under the supervision of a urologist and gynecologist.
Treatment includes also antispasmodics for pain relief, immunomodulating medications. Need rest, abundant drink, with cystitis is very useful cranberry juice.
Than to treat a cystitis: the list of preparations
Analgesics, spasmolytics for symptomatic treatment:
- No-spawn - 120-240 mg per day in two or three doses;
- Papaverin - 40-60 mg three to four times a day.
- Biseptol - 2 tablets twice a day, for three days;
- Monodal - 3 mg once, two hours after eating;
- Nolycin - one tablet twice a day, for three days.
- Kanefron - 50 drops three times a day in a small amount of water;
- Spasmocystenal - 10 drops three times a day, dilute in a small amount of water;
- Phytolysin - 1 teaspoon of the paste dissolve in half a glass of warm sweet water, take 3-4 times daily after meals;
- Cystone - 2 tablets twice a day.
The choice of the drug for cystitis, determining its dose, the order of admission, the duration of the course should be the treatment of the doctor. Self-medication does not promote rapid recovery, entails the development of complications of the disease.
The most common modern drug for the treatment of cystitis. It has a high bactericidal activity in relation to virtually all pathogenic microorganisms.
The active ingredient is phosphomycin trometamol. It is safe for the application of in pregnant women and children .One package is enough once a day.
What to do at home
In parallel with the basic treatment, at home follow some simple rules that will help you get rid of the disease faster:
- Adhere to bed rest, it is very desirable during an exacerbation. Lie under a warm blanket, apply a hot water bottle in the lower abdomen.
- Drink plenty, especially cranberry, cowberry, bilberry fruit.
- In the diet limit the intake of foods with a high level of calcium: milk, yogurt, cheese.
- Herbal treatment is effective in the form of ready-made fees. You can apply pills, drops, pastes based on herbal dues: Cystone, Kanefron( tablets), Spasmocystenal( drops), Phytolysin( paste).
In any case, the infection requires antibacterial drugs.
- Avoid overcooling;
- Timely treat infections of the genitourinary system;
- Observe the rules of personal hygiene( plus erosion after intercourse);
- Do not wear tight underwear;
- Regularly change sanitary pads and tampons( for women).
Folk remedies for cystitis at home
Herbs with bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, diuretic and enveloping effects are used in the treatment of urinary tract diseases. For the treatment of urethritis, cystitis and pyelonephritis, a variety of charges are used.
Gathering 1 :
- licorice rhizome,
- birch leaves,
- bearberry leaves,
- grass flaxen.
Take everything evenly, chop, mix. Preparation: 10 grams of collection pour 2 cups of boiling water, let it brew in the thermos for 2 hours. Drink one third of the glass three times a day for an hour before meals.
Collection 2 :
- parsley fruit,
- herb herb - 1 piece,
- leaf of the bearberry - 3 parts.
Preparation - as in the previous recipe. Take one third of the glass three times a day for half an hour before meals.
Fill with oats in the shell any dishes to half and top up with water. Boil over medium heat for 30 minutes, quickly drain, add calendula flowers , insist overnight in the thermos, strain and drink warm 1-1.5 liters per day for two weeks( interestingly, this same compound has long been used by herbalists for curepatients with addiction to alcohol and tobacco smoking).
Grind in the coffee grinder the dill seed .1 teaspoon of dill flour brew 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, drink together with the precipitate. Do this every morning on an empty stomach during the week.
You can insist the dill seed from the evening. This infusion will be useful to those over 50. Women at this age sometimes suffer from a slight involuntary urination, and men are often uncomfortable with frequent urges, especially at night, and drawing pains during urination.
Gathering 3 :
- cranberries leaves,
- flax seeds,
- grass loving,
- three-color violet grass,
- calendula flowers.
Take everything in equal quantities, mix.2 tablespoons of the crushed mixture pour 300 ml of boiling water, boil in a water bath for 15 minutes, insist at room temperature 45 minutes, add boiled water to the original volume, strain. Take one third of the glass three times a day for 1 hour before meals.
Collection 4 :
- leaves cranberries,
- grass horsetail field,
- camomile flowers.
We take everything in equal quantities, we mix.1 tablespoon chopped mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 1 hour in a warm place, strain. Drink half a glass 3-4 times a day for an hour before meals.
Collection 5 :
- juniper fruit,
- St. John's wort,
- herbage grass,
- three-color violet grass.
Just take three tablespoons, chop, mix. Preparation and use - as in the previous recipe.
Collection 6 :
- lemon balm leaves,
- valerian root - 20 g each,
- grass rue,
- goose grass goose - 30 g.
Preparation as in the previous recipe. Drink 200 ml 2-3 times a day in a warm form.
Collection 7 :
- root of the madder dyeing,
- fennel fruits,
- of the poplar black,
- heather grass,
- motherwort grass,
- flowers of the immortelle.
Take everything equally. Mix, grind. Cooking - as in the previous recipe. Take half a glass three times a day after meals.
Collection 8 :
- peppermint leaves,
- herb herb - 1 piece,
- bearberry leaves - 4 parts,
- root of the stalker - 3 parts.
2 tablespoons of the collection pour 500 ml of boiling water, heat on a water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature 45 minutes, strain. Take half the glass three times a day for an hour before meals.
Collection 9 :
- parsley fruit,
- celandine grass - 1 part each,
- herb herb,
- bearberry leaves - 4 parts each.
Preparation and use - as in the previous recipe.
If bladder irritation and frequent urination urge, drink an cup from of or corn stump or cherries as fast as possible on an empty stomach. You can add honey to taste. Take 3-4 times a day for a week.
Cornflower blue .Two tablespoons of flower baskets pour a glass of boiling water and leave for 1 hour. Strain and drink during the day in several ways. Cornflower flowers well relieve bladder spasms.
The paddies are creeping .2 teaspoons of chopped roots, pour 200 ml of cold water for 12 hours. After filtering the raw materials, refill with a glass of boiling water. After 10 minutes, drain both hoods together. Received infusion drink during the day in several receptions.
Yasenets .A teaspoon of chopped roots cook for 5 minutes in two glasses of water. Cool for an hour, strain. Drink 50 ml three times a day.
Gathering 10 :
- leaves of black currant - 50 g,
- eucalyptus leaves - 10 g,
- herb of oregano - 30 g,
- grass of violet tricolor - 20 g,
- grass of thyme - 40 g.
Three tablespoons of the collection fill with 1 literwater, bring to a boil, cool, strain. Use for sedentary baths. The duration of the bath is 15 minutes 1-2 times a day. There are 12 procedures for treatment.
Collection 11 :
- herb spore - 50 g,
- herb horsetail - 50 g,
- herb buds - 50 g,
- calendula flowers - 30 g,
- herb celandine large - 20 g.
Preparation and use - as inprevious recipe.
Note: The last two recipes are successfully used for the treatment of nephritis and pyelonephritis. Use them and you.
Stainless steel spiky .2 g powdered roots of the stalk should be taken 4 times a day with water.
Cold infusion : pour a teaspoon of ground roots with a glass of cold water, insist 12 hours, strain and drink immediately.
Hot infusion : a tablespoon of chopped roots pour a glass of boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain and drink immediately the entire dose.
Bearberry Common .Spoon a tablespoon of finely chopped leaves with 2 glasses of cold water, insist 12 hours, strain. Drink the infusion during the day for 2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
Poplar black. The decoction of from the kidneys acts as a diuretic and antiseptic. It is also used as a tincture or hot infusion.
Infusion : 2 teaspoons of dried and chopped buds, pour 2 cups of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, strain. Drink during the day in several receptions.
Tincture : 4 teaspoons of dried buds, pour 300 ml of vodka or 70% alcohol and persist for 7 days. Strain. Take 40-50 drops 4 times a day.
Melissa officinalis .20 g of herbs, pour 300 ml of boiling water and leave for 1 hour. Strain. Take 100 ml 4 times daily before meals.
Bear's eye ( bearberry ).30 g of dry leaves boil for 15 minutes in 500 ml of water. Strain. Take three times a day for 100 ml before meals.
Clear clear white ( deaf nettle ).6 teaspoons of flowers pour 2 cups of boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain. Drink during the day in 4 divided doses.
Zheruha medicinal ( watercress ).The plant should only be used fresh, because the dried plant loses its medicinal properties.40 g of fresh plant fill with a liter of boiling water. Insist 1 hour, strain. Drink a glass three times a day.
Good results in the treatment of cystitis are applied to the suprapubic area of linen pads filled with steamed sage grass, chamomile, horsetail field, marshweed swamp .
For pains in the bladder area, prepare collection 12 :
- birch buds - 30 g,
- birdwort - 30 g,
- hernia - 40 g,
- leaves bearberry - 40 g,
- shoots thuja - 30 g,
- plantain lanceolate- 40 g,
- cumin sandy - 30 g.
40 g of collection pour 1 liter of raw cold water. Insist the night. In the morning, boil 10 minutes, strain. Take 1 glass in the morning 30 minutes before eating, then 4 times a day for 200 ml after meals.
Treatment with grass Paul-pal
Recently, the grass half-fallen has appeared and gained wide recognition in the territory of Russia and the CIS countries, which is used in the treatment of both inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and with urolithiasis. Her homeland is Sri Lanka, but it also grows in the regions of the North Caucasus, Georgia, and Abkhazia.
The history of its discovery is interesting. In the XIX century, a group of shipwrecked sailors found themselves on a rocky uninhabited island in the Indian Ocean. Sailors paid attention to small birds, the size of a sparrow, nesting in the coastal rocks. People were surprised that such a small bird can with its beak hollow out a nest in a monolithic rock. Looking closer, they noticed that it in the beak brings some grass and rubs it with a stone. After 6-8 days the stone begins to crumble - the nest is ready.
Returning to the mainland, people began to study the properties of the half-pala. It turned out that the grass perfectly destroys the kidney stones( phosphates and urates turn into sand and start to leave on the 3-7th day from the beginning of treatment, 30-35 days are required to destroy oxalates).Treatment of inflammatory kidney disease takes 1-2 months. Grass the brew as a tea - 1 tablespoon for 300 ml of boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain and drink 100 ml three to four times a day for 30 minutes before eating. The squeezes left from the grass, boil 3 minutes in 500 ml of water and use as a bath in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
When treating half-finger, certain precautions must be followed. The fact that it strongly destroys the tooth enamel, so to drink infusion of herbs should through a thin tube and after that it is necessary to rinse the mouth with soda solution.
( The most amazing thing that the author of this book noticed when he treated patients with half-fallen kidney patients is that it destroys and removes not only kidney stones, but also gallstones stones.) True, the decomposition of stones on the sand is accompanied by a high temperature, nausea and severe vomiting. Unpleasant phenomena last 2 days, but if you have a gall bladder stuffed with stones, and two days later the ultrasound shows that it is completely empty, then it's worth it.
Cystitis in children: symptoms, tests, diagnosis, prevention of cystitis
In children, cystitis is also common, as in adults. So, every third child suffers from cystitis at least once for his childhood. Among infants, boys and girls are equally sick, but pre-school and school girls suffer more often.
The causes and mechanism of cystitis in children is the same as in adults. But we can identify the main factors that contribute to the development of inflammation of the bladder in children. ..
Moderator: Irina Lisitsyna. Practicing doctor of the 1st category: Anna Maslennikova.
Information reference. It is necessary to consult with a specialist.
Than you need to wash girls and how often: Dr. Komarovsky
How to treat cystitis at home?
On the video channel of Maxim Pragin about symptoms, causes and independent treatment of cystitis at home.
Cystitis in women: symptoms and treatment at home
Diet for cystitis: advice on nutrition in the treatment of
Video channel "My family doctor".
When faced with cystitis, many patients with the help of qualified doctors or independently begin to be treated with all sorts of medications and / or specially selected herbal remedies.
They simply do not know that the disaster that has happened can also be helped by some changes in the habitual diet. About that that it is possible to eat at a cystitis, and that is not present we and we shall talk in this transfer!
- Diet options.
- Reduction of intoxication.
- Antibacterial action.
- Prevent excessive irritation of the bladder mucosa.
- Prevention of stone formation.
- Strengthening the effect of antibacterial drugs.
One cystitis cure can not be cured. But it is an important component of the complex treatment of this unpleasant disease.
Source: YNGorgov. Official and traditional medicine. The most detailed encyclopedia.- Moscow: Izd-vo Eksmo, 2012.