From this article you will learn: why can there be a rapid pulse at normal pressure, which diseases can this indicate. What to do in each case.
The normal pressure is the index of 110 to 70 mm Hg. Art. However, the norm depends on age. For adolescents, it is slightly higher - 130 to 90 mm Hg. Art. Deviation from the norm by 10 mm Hg. Art.in the greater or lesser side is not considered pathology.
The pulse should normally be 60-90 beats per minute. The heart rate( abbreviated to heart rate) just above 90 can be an individual feature of the body. Pulse from 100 beats per minute and above is already considered frequent.
These two parameters usually depend on each other. But it also happens that the pulse is high, and the pressure is normal.
If the heart rate increases, even if the blood pressure is normal, consult a physician( therapist, cardiologist), since this parameter can indicate serious diseases.
Before contacting a specialist, make sure that you are measuring the heart rate correctly. Do it only on the arm. Some try to measure the heart rate on the neck, since there the pulse is easier to grope. This is a gross error, since when exposed to large cervical vessels, the heart rhythm may change.
The problem of high pulse can be completely eliminated, getting rid of the reason for its increase. There are many reasons for the increased pulse at normal pressure - therefore, the treatment in each case is individual.
Causes of rapid heart rate at normal pressure.
. Why heartbeat may become more normal:
- physical activity,
- stress situation,
- strong positive or negative emotions.
Rapid pulse at normal pressure can be a sign of such deviations:
- infectious diseases,
- abnormal thyroid function,
Rapid pulse after physical activity
Usually the heart quickly restores the previous rhythm after the person calmed down. If the pulse remains high for a long time after physical exertion, it is an occasion to consult a doctor.
Long-term results are:
- after light physical exertion( 20-30 sit-ups, walking, etc.), the pulse should be fully restored in no more than 2 minutes;
- after physical activities of medium and high intensity( running, climbing up stairs, exercising in the gym, etc. for 30 minutes or more) - a maximum of 10 minutes.
What should I do in such cases?
If the heart rate remains high for a longer time after physical activity, this is the reason to consult a doctor. Perhaps you have an initial degree of heart failure. The doctor will tell you to do an ECG, a heart ultrasound and a blood test. Based on the results of these examinations, additional diagnostics can be prescribed: duplex vascular scanning, holter monitoring of the heart, etc. The doctor will prescribe the treatment already based on the results of the survey.
Rapid pulse and stress
After a brief emotional shock or strong joy, the pulse is restored in the same way as after physical exertion.
But if the stress is permanent, there can be persistent tachycardia - a pulse higher than 100 beats per minute.
If you are constantly nervous, or your work is associated with high responsibilities or stressful situations, contact your doctor if you experience a high heart rate. He will select you sedatives and drugs that strengthen the nervous system.
High pulse for various diseases
The most common reason for the increased pulse at normal pressure is a chronic inflammatory process in the body.
Because of the constant presence of infection in the body, the heart receives a high load and begins to contract at a rapid pace.
Possible chronic diseases
The cause of high heart rate can become such chronic diseases:
- laryngitis, pharyngitis;
- tracheitis, bronchitis;
- rhinitis, sinusitis;
- cystitis, urethritis;
For the prevention of rapid heartbeats in time treat catarrhal diseases and inflammation of the genitourinary system, and regularly visit the dentist.
Another common cause that provokes a greater heart rate is neurosis. They are characterized by numerous psychoemotional symptoms: irritability, anxiety, insomnia, apathy. To address them, consult a therapist.
Thyroid gland problems
Also a rapid pulse at normal pressure may indicate an abnormal thyroid gland.
In some patients hyperthyroidism may increase and pressure, but often only changes heart rate. The pulse is steadily increased - even in a state of complete rest it exceeds 100 beats per minute.
Consult an endocrinologist if, in addition to a frequent heartbeat, you notice also such symptoms:
- abdominal pain, nausea;
- diarrhea or constipation;
- irregular menstrual cycle( in women), decreased potency( in men);
- irritability, forgetfulness.
Reduced hemoglobin, lack of iron
The heart is forced to contract faster to provide all tissues of the body with oxygen if the blood levels of hemoglobin are lowered.
It can go down due to a lack of iron or large blood loss. More frequent, of course, the first option. In this case, you can fix the problem yourself.
What can I do to make up for the lack of iron? Eat more:
- pork or beef liver;
- meat( beef, chicken);
- nuts, beans and dried fruits;
- of green apples, spinach.
Another disease that can cause heart palpitations is osteochondrosis.
Cardiac palpitations are involved in the lesion of the cervical or( and) thoracic parts. In addition to high heart rate, there are also such signs:
- pain in the neck( chest);
- feeling of stiffness;
- headache and dizziness.
In osteochondrosis, the pulse may not be frequent, but only after being in an uncomfortable position, prolonged sitting, sudden rotation of the head or body.
For treatment of the disease, contact a vertebrologist.
Heart and Vascular Diseases
Heart and vascular diseases are usually accompanied not only by palpitation, but also by increased( or decreased) pressure. Or else, a frequent pulse has the character of seizures, for which pain in the heart, dizziness, fainting is also characteristic.
But with a high heart rate still make a detailed examination of the heart, because every person has an organism special. Some people with cardiovascular disease can only increase heart rate, and the pressure - to remain normal.