Causes and types of cough without colds
Coughing is a symptom that arises involuntarily and is caused by the fact that there is an irritant on the mucosa of the respiratory tract. Anything can provoke him, for example a foreign object in the throat or serious diseases.
How to treat a runny nose and cough with teething, you can find in the article.
Wet cough is the result of a large accumulation of sputum in the bronchi, lungs and trachea. As a rule, its development occurs after attacks of dry cough. If the cause of a wet cough is not determined in time, then eventually it will go into a chronic form.
An allergic reaction can occur on the flowering of the plant, on the dust, the animal's coat. In addition, a large accumulation of allergens is found in bed linens and carpets.The response of the body to such irritation takes the form of a dry cough and runny nose without temperature.
Such a symptom can arise after a person has suffered an infectious or viral inflammatory process of the airways. This cough is characterized by a tickling in the throat, a tickling sensation. The duration of it can reach up to 3 weeks.
Cough in an adult
Dry cough may occur due to allergies or serious diseases such as tuberculosis and whooping cough. Only knowledge of the main causes of the symptom will allow to diagnose in time and go to treatment.
What to do when a child has a dry wheezing cough, you can find out by reading this article.
With such a disease, it is barking and paroxysmal. At the initial stage of the disease in the patient there is a slight rise in temperature, general malaise and dry cough.Over time, the patient's condition worsens, it is simply strangled by a dry cough that the wave covers mainly at night.To treat this disease is necessary only in the condition of the hospital and under the supervision of the attending physician. Otherwise, you can not avoid serious consequences. Compared to children, in adults this ailment is not so severe and does not cause a violation of normal breathing.
From the article it becomes clear whether there can be a cough in the thyroid gland or not.
What are the signs of an asthmatic cough, you can find out by reading this article.
Laryngitis, tracheitis and bronchitis
Dry cough in these diseases serves as a complication of a viral infection. The inflammatory process moves to the lower parts and affects the bronchi, the larynx and the trachea. This case is characterized by the presence of a prolonged cough, which eventually intensifies and causes painful sensations in the chest and throat. Accepts a paroxysmal character at night or throughout the day.
This article details what to do, quit smoking tortured.
Allergic reaction is a very common reason for the formation of dry cough in adults. It arises as a result of getting on the respiratory tract of a certain stimulus.Disturbs such a symptom in the morning, it can increase under specific conditions, for example, the use of citrus, cleaning with household chemicals.When the allergen has left the body, the dry cough leaves the patient. If contact with the stimulus becomes permanent, the risk of constriction of the airways and the formation of a constant cough increases. In addition, the allergy can develop into such severe diseases as obstructive bronchitis or bronchial asthma.
A child has a wet cough in 1 year, that this article will help to understand.
Presence of foreign matter in the respiratory tract
This reason is also considered very popular and dangerous. When a foreign body accidentally enters the respiratory tract, it is paroxysmal, painful, and it is very difficult for the patient to breathe. In this situation it is necessary to urgently seek help by calling an ambulance.
The article details the use of cough during pregnancy.
Wet cough in children
When a cough is present for a long time and intensifies at night, this is a clear symptom of a dangerous pathology. To provoke wet in children can the following reasons:
- Tuberculosis, which is characterized by frequent coughing and the allocation of large amounts of sputum.
- Allergy to dust, plants, animals, medicines. At first, the child is disturbed by a dry cough, and then he becomes wet. Very often such a symptom indicates the development of bronchial asthma. The baby becomes very hard to breathe, he has problems with the respiratory system.
- Pertussis provokes a prolonged effect, the temperature does not rise. The situation aggravates at night. In addition to a wet cough, the child is affected by the nervous system.
- Worms- a frequent problem in children, during which there is a wet cough. When the worms are inside the respiratory organs, the bronchi and lungs are strongly irritated. The result of this process is an abundant sputum discharge.
- Psychological reasons. Wet may occur in the case when the baby has undergone a lot of stress, experiences. At night, the cough calms down, but when the baby is in the activity stage, then the symptomatology begins to be activated. To cure a cough, you need the help of a psychologist or a neurologist.
- Poor air humidity in the room. To prevent this from happening, carefully and regularly ventilate the room in which the baby is.
- The presence of a foreign body in the respiratory tract. Little babies are very inquisitive, and they all need to taste. They drag everything they see into their mouths. Small elements in the swallowing period get stuck in the respiratory organs. It can only be removed after removing a foreign body.
- Dysfunction of the digestive system. When the baby has problems with the stomach, gall bladder, food falls into the respiratory tract. As a result, he is tormented by a wet cough.
What are the causes of coughing in an adult at night, you can find out by reading this article.
The video tells about the causes of a cough without a cold:
What to do when a baby has a wet cough without fever, is indicated in the article.
Dry cough in children
Dry cough suggests absence of sputum discharge. Such a symptom is always painful. Often parents find a dry cough at night. Determine immediately the exact cause of the cough is impossible, because everything happens without signs of a cold, but it is from her and will depend on his treatment. There are symptoms of various pathologies, the most common are the following:
- Certain stimuli, available in the environment: dry air, tobacco smoke, smells of chemicals.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease, which is characterized by the throwing of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus. The result of the process is vomiting and coughing.
- Pertussis, measles, allergies, pleurisy.
- Physiological factors. In infants during the year, the airways are cleared of accumulated mucus, dust. As a result, they have a cough that manifests itself in episodes in the morning. In addition to coughing, the baby does not have any other signs of a pathological process.
The article details how to get rid of a child's dry cough.
Coughing is a very dangerous symptom that indicates a certain pathology in the body. In order for the treatment to be carried out with maximum success, it is necessary to determine the cause of the formation of such a symptom. After all, all therapeutic measures will be aimed at eliminating the fundamental factor.
Do not dry dry cough after an adult's cold for a long time?
Cough that does not go away after a cold for more than three weeks is called chronic or protracted.
In most cases this is a symptom of bronchitis in a chronic form, caused by it can be excessive smoking, bronchial asthma, long-term labor activity in harmful industries - paint and varnish plants, chemical plants.
If a person does not have a cough after a cold for a long time after a non-smoking adult person or child, and contacts with possible allergic irritants are excluded, this may be a symptom of another illness.
In this case, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination and establish the cause.
When the cough is long, dry, it is necessary to check first of all, whether its cause is the runoff on the back wall of the larynx of the mucus from the nasal sinuses. It can also be caused by reverse peristalsis of the stomach and esophagus - this is a sign of a serious gastrointestinal disease. Diseases of the heart, swelling of the lungs, tumors also sometimes provoke a dry cough.
The reasons for which the cough does not last for a long time after curing ARD
The most common causes of a long cough after a cold are as follows:
- Long-term smoking;
- Pathologies of the heart and lungs;
- Benign structures in the respiratory system;
To establish the nature of the origin of this phenomenon, you need to pay attention to other symptoms: wheezing in the chest, stuffiness of the nose and lungs, separation of sputum, their viscosity and color, the admixture of blood in the sputum from the bronchi and lungs, a feeling of tightness in the chest, pain in the heart, dyspnea.
With asthma, a long, dry cough can be disturbed all the time, or it may occur when you come into contact with an allergen.
After a cold that has not been treated, cough is often observed at the reflex level, which is caused by the increased sensitivity of inflamed lungs.
What does it mean if a cough does not pass a weekIf this happens more than seven days, and is accompanied by symptoms such as a runny nose, fever, joint pain, it is most likely a common cold. If you start treatment as soon as possible, it will not be difficult to overcome it. But treatment needs to be brought to an end, and not simply to eliminate unpleasant manifestations of the disease.
If the treatment is not carried out, or has not been carried out to the end, there is a risk that the ORZ will pass into the tracheitis or bronchitis of chronic form. At home, dry cough can be treated with inhalation. Wet steam will soften irritated mucous membranes, improve blood circulation, promote liquefaction and sputum discharge.
For inhalation to be more effective, various medicines should be added to hot water. These can be broths of thyme, mint or coltsfoot, essential oil of thuja, eucalyptus, tinctures of propolis or calendula. To prepare the broth you need 2 tablespoons of dry grass and two glasses of boiling water. Essential oils are added to the water by several drops.
Inhalation with a cough, if there is no nebulizer or inhaler, can be done in several ways:
- Pour hot broth or water in a bowl and breathe steam over it, covered with steam;
- Place the hot liquid in the teapot and inhale the steam through a tube of paper that is inserted into its spout.
In order not to burn yourself, it is important that the water does not boil. At high temperature and arterial pressure, this procedure can not be carried out.
What to do if a cough does not pass two weeks after the illness
In some cases, patients complain that, despite the fulfillment of all prescriptions of the doctor, cough after curing the disease persists for 10 or more days. What does this mean? It is better not to guess, but to give the doctor another visit. The diagnosis and causes depend again on the symptoms accompanying a protracted cough.
Often, the reasons for the new infection - immediately after a cold or flu, the immune system is not yet strong, because the mucosa easily fixes viruses and bacteria. Which ones are determined only by the analysis of smears from fauces and sputum, if they are. Frequent causes of cough that does not go away for a long time:
- Candidiasis of the larynx;
- Tuberculosis caused by mycobacteria.
Drugs are selected by a doctor, since some of them only affect certain pathogens, and the disease remains healed, but not completely cured.
Why does the cough last for a month?Most often, prolonged coughing is a sign of an allergic reaction. This means that the stimulus is not eliminated and the patient is constantly in contact with it. It can be dust, animal hair, pollen from trees and plants, chemicals. If you do not find out what exactly caused the allergy, there is a risk that bronchial asthma will develop.
In addition, a cough that lasts several weeks in a row indicates that the body is developing such diseases as fibrocystic cystosis, pneumonia caused by bacteria, tuberculosis, neoplasms in lungs. If the child constantly coughs, it should be checked whether he has a foreign body in the trachea and bronchi.
Cough that occurs with attacks, with deep breaths, happens with whooping cough.
A cough that does not pass for a whole month, as a rule, suggests that after a catarrhal disease a strong inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchi or lungs developed.
What does prolonged cough with sputum discharge mean?
Cough is dry and wet. If it is a long-term cough, it is often dry. But sometimes accompanied by the discharge of sputum from the bronchi. Why this phenomenon can bother more than a few weeks?
Sputum discharge is a natural process in the body, they are always, even if the person is perfectly healthy, their function is to protect the respiratory tract from infection, particles of dust and dirt. But sputum can also be pathological, arising from certain diseases.
When clarifying the cause of a protracted cough with sputum, you need to pay attention to the color of mucus from the bronchi. It can be colorless, and maybe with a yellowish or greenish tinge. In it, you can also see bloody veins or clots, pus.Separate sputum is considered a good sign, which means that the treatment process is carried out correctly and the body begins to get rid of bacteria and infection. To help him, with a damp cough appoint expectorant drugs - this is Bromhexidine, Ambrobene. To restore the production of bronchial secretion helps the powder ATSTS, and inexpensive and effective syrup from cough.
If a cough with phlegm, but without fever, is caused by an allergy, one should drink a course of antihistamine medications. Cough of this kind is well helped by Loratadine, Fexofenadine. It is necessary to exclude smoking, inhaling toxic substances, get rid of feather pillows, in which allergic mites can live.
Whatever the reason for the protracted wet cough, along with the medication, you need to consume as much fluid as possible. The liquid helps to dilute sputum, increases their number and speeds up excretion.
Coughing, with shortness of breath, wheezing in the chest, but without fever, can occur with heart failure.
Because you need to see a doctor. In addition to blood tests, urine and sputum, he will advise making an X-ray, possibly a cardiogram of the heart.
Causes of prolonged dry cough
Dry cough is a symptom of diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Because the bronchi and lungs are not affected by the infection, sputum does not accumulate in them. Expectorant and mucolytic cough remedies in this case will not be effective. But this does not mean that you do not need to take medicine.
Usually prescribe such drugs:
- The main active components of which are codeine and ethylmorphine, affecting the medulla oblongata, responsible for the appearance of a cough reflex. This Codeine and Glaucin.
- Manufactured on the basis of acetylaminonitropropoxybenzene, which affect the cough receptors - this is Codelac Broncho, Omnitus, Falimint.
Medicamental treatment can be supplemented by treatment with folk remedies. Very useful is a warm drink - for example, milk with soda. During the day, you need to drink a few cups of decoction of leaves of black currant or raspberry, peppermint.
It is useful to drink with anise tincture, radish syrup or onions with honey.
Causes of cough after colds
Coughing and sneezing are one of the first signs of a cold. With proper treatment, the symptoms of colds disappear after 3-4 days. A week later the patient is completely healthy. But coughing can bother as a residual phenomenon of ARI for several more weeks. This is normal.
But only on condition that the cough e stopped after 2-3 weeks, that it is not accompanied by other anxious symptoms and there are no impurities of pus and blood in the departing sputum.
What to do with a prolonged cough, the specialist will tell in the video in this article, and we suggest listening to the advice.
Possible causes of cough without cold in an adult
In the view of many of us, coughing can not be observed without a cold, and vice versa. Therefore, as independent we do not consider these concepts, which is completely wrong. Meanwhile, the causes of cough without cold in an adult can be very different, and the common cold is not in the first place. This is a symptom that arises involuntarily, and it is caused by some irritant of the mucous respiratory tract. To provoke an attack of a cough can anything - a serious disease or foreign object in the throat.
What does cough mean without a cold?
Cough without a cold is as dangerous as a cold without a cough. In any case, this phenomenon makes you alert, especially in a chronic form. And this process has its own explanation and the reasons for the occurrence, on which the doctor relies while prescribing treatment. A healthy person coughs no more than 20 times a day, everything else is considered a sign of failure in the body.
With a common cold and a condition for constructive treatment, the cough lasts a maximum of two weeks. At first it is dry, unbearable, then it becomes wet and is easier to bear. Causes of cough without cold in an adult - respiratory disease or lung disease. A similar symptom occurs when gastric acids enter the esophagus. In this case, the attack occurs mainly at night, accompanied by heartburn and a sour taste in the mouth.
At smokers with the experience the lungs are amazed, the esophagus is irritated. It is very difficult for an organism to get rid of a cough in such a situation. They are mostly worried about a protracted morning cough with sputum immediately after awakening. This is a classic state, with both passive and active smokers. The way to get rid of discomfort is obvious - you need to abandon the addiction.
The cause of dry cough without cold:
- bronchial asthma;
- exposure to dust on the respiratory system;
- ACE inhibitors used to reduce blood pressure.
Factors that provoked a cough may be more serious, for example, lung cancer, heart failure, tuberculosis, pleurisy, neoplasms of the mediastinum.
In the presence of a stick Koch (the causative agent of tuberculosis) cough does not pass within a month. In this case, fluorography and a thorough examination are prescribed.
Asthma and allergies
Dry cough without cold is often the only symptom of asthma. The patient's condition worsens by inhaling sharp odors, cold air, pollen or smoke. In addition to the common cold, a constant cough accompanies allergic rhinitis. With this disease, there is a rash, tear, nasal congestion, sneezing, often headache.
The most dangerous allergens:
- pollen of plants;
- animal hair;
- book dust.
To distinguish an allergy is simple enough. Attacks occur exclusively at the time of close proximity to the allergen. Getting rid of symptoms requires consultation with a doctor and taking antihistamines.
Causes of cough without cold in an adult can be the following: heart failure, which is accompanied by tingling in the chest, swelling of the extremities. Go to the cardiologist in this case can not be postponed. One of the symptoms of sinusitis or chronic rhinitis, in addition to headache and high fever, is a protracted cough.
Diagnosis of causeless cough
The first doctor to visit is a therapist, then he will send to another specialist. When making a diagnosis, the following points are taken into account:
- when the seizures began;
- cough wet or dry;
- additional changes in health.
Depending on the duration of the time interval, the cough is:
- acute - up to 2 weeks;
- lingering - up to 4 weeks;
- subacute - up to 2 months;
- chronic - more than 2 months in a row.
Often accompanying symptoms are left without attention, for example, a decrease in appetite, drowsiness, weakness. Dry cough without cold in an adult is easier to associate with lack of sleep or stress. As effective methods, hardware diagnostics (X-ray, CT, electrocardiography), laboratory blood / urine tests are used.
The state of the nervous system can also cause such a syndrome. With mental disorders, cough medications do not help, even the blocking reflex. It requires consultation of a neurologist or a psychotherapist.
Cough without fever
The adult person can cough constantly because of a virus tracheitis. Attacks excruciate both day and night, in the throat constantly hurts. The symptom can be softened with hot milk and medicines, antibiotics, as a rule, do not help. But with this dangerous bacterial complication, like pneumonia, antibiotics are used.
Such a cough without cold symptoms can occur with whooping cough, the predecessors of the onset of the disease are sore throat and weakness. Over time, the condition becomes only worse, the person simply suffocates a dry cough and covers the wave mostly at night. The treatment is carried out exclusively in a hospital and under the supervision of the attending physician. In another case, serious consequences can not be avoided.
There is no temperature, but a cough is quite long, surely the blood test and a swab from the nasopharynx can certainly refute or confirm the diagnosis.
Today it is very difficult to find a person who never coughed for a day. The reason for all the environmental situation, the mass of various infections - living in a metropolis, you can only dream about clean air. When the infectious agents enter the lungs or bronchi, the respiratory tract receptors become irritated and a cough occurs, which warns of mechanical obstruction and cleansing of the respiratory tract from sputum, mucus and other substances.
Other causes of cough without colds
During colds, the clinical picture is clear: the temperature rises, there is a runny nose, weakness and other symptoms of intoxication. In such a situation, the cause of dry cough is clear. Why does it occur without temperature and signs of ARVI? What causes cough without cold in an adult?
In the absence of typical cold symptoms, a dry cough indicates a latent inflammation or individual hypersensitivity reactions. In the list of side effects of some medicines there is an unproductive chronic cough. These drugs include:
- ACE inhibitors;
- funds for hypertension;
- inhaled medications.
It will be necessary to revise drug therapy if it contains the causes of a cough without a cold in an adult. The stomach responds in all different ways, so treatment is selected individually.
Such discomfort can arise after an infectious or viral inflammatory process of the respiratory system. Simultaneously, there is a tickling or tickling in the throat. The duration of this cough can go up to 3 weeks.
Throat and lung cancer
In addition to the main symptom, there is shortness of breath, sputum with blood from the throat and nose. There is no or low temperature - 37-3, ° C. When lung cancer symptoms are typical, also worried about chest pain, sputum is excreted with pus or blood.
Important! A neglected prolonged dry cough in pregnant women carries a direct threat to the health of the fetus. The abdominal muscles of the future mother constantly contract and are in a tonus, which can lead to bleeding.
Even in the absence of cold symptoms, cough rarely appears alone, as a rule, it is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- hoarse voice;
- shortness of breath even with a small load;
- nausea, vomiting;
- increased lymph nodes;
- drowsiness, sweating.
- rapid weight loss;
- stool disorder;
- bad breath;
When is medical care required?
Any acute or prolonged cough without a cold in an adult requires observation by a doctor. With the following signs, the call to a specialist should be immediate:
- blurred consciousness;
- change of speech;
- swelling of the extremities;
- pain when swallowing and breathing.
Treatment and first aid
Pulmonologists do not recommend self-medication, especially when using folk remedies. Home medicine can alleviate some of the symptoms, but eliminate them, especially to cure the cause of the occurrence, no. It is important to understand that all medicines for each type of cough are different. With dry prescribe antitussive, with wet - mucolytic, expectorant.
For a quick recovery the patient needs to restore the work and rest regime, quit smoking and adjust the diet. In addition to traditional drugs, antiviral, antihistamines and antibiotics are prescribed.
Cough without cold symptoms in an adult is taken by surprise, often it starts at night, you can alleviate the condition by taking the following measures:
- When the source is tobacco smoke, you need to ventilate the room, drink warm tea or a glass of water.
- With an allergic cough, you need to exclude any contact with the allergen: ventilate the room, on the contrary, close the window, so as not to fly flower pollen, rinse your throat with saline solution and wash it yourself arms.
- If seizures occur frequently, you should always carry a mint candy.
- With throat diseases, an abundant drink of warm water, moistened, fresh air in the room will help.
Even the most healthy person can begin to torment an exhausting cough without the symptoms of a cold and poison his life. We are talking about allergens, which we encounter day in and day out in our apartment. Household dust, affecting the lungs, irritates them, so it is important to do a wet cleaning at least 2 times a week. One of the most powerful irritants is paper dust. All books and folders with papers should be kept under glass or in drawers.
Pets should be constantly combed out to reduce the content of wool in the air. Dangerous are the products of combustion, in the kitchen must certainly be drawn. It is also important to have special care in handling household chemicals. Powders replaced by liquid means, chlorine-containing, in general, excluded.
Indoor plants help to clean and moisten the air, so with a regular cough it's time to green the apartment.
The listed measures are preventive, the consultation of a specialist doctor is mandatory.
Why does not it cough and what to do?
If the cough does not pass more than three weeks, then experts call it protracted or chronic. Most often, this condition is caused by chronic bronchitis, which is often observed in smokers and in people working in harmful industries (paint, pharmaceutical, industry). If a prolonged coughing disturbs a child or a non-smoker and when the effect of possible irritants is ruled out, an early examination and consultation of a specialist is recommended.
When chronic coughing is primarily examined for getting secretions from the nose into the nasopharynx, ejection of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus or pharynx, asthma. Also, the cause of long-term coughing can be more serious diseases - tumors, heart disease or connective tissue of the lungs.
Why does not it cough?
The reasons for not being cough for a long time can be many. In some cases, this condition is caused by benign lesions in the lungs, smoker's bronchitis, impaired functions or vessels.
In addition to constant coughing, other symptoms can also be present (wheezing in the lungs, runny nose, impurities of blood in the sputum, a feeling of heaviness in the chest, etc.).
The most common cause of prolonged coughing is asthma. With this disease, coughing can disturb constantly or periodically (in case of exposure to allergens).
Also provoke a protracted cough may be an incurable cold, usually such a condition It is caused by the increased susceptibility of the lungs due to what the cough can appear on the reflex level.
Why does not cough after angina?
If after a transited sore throat cough does not pass for a while, then there may be several reasons for this. First of all, this state is promoted by the immune system weakened against the background of disease and treatment, which is not able to resist both new viruses attacking the body, and the "old" untreated. Sometimes it happens that the diagnosis is incorrect or the sore throat is on the background of another disease.
For example, in viral rhinitis, mucus from the nasal cavity enters the throat, which causes reflex coughing, thus the body releases the throat from pathological contents.
By external signs, angina is often confused with viral pharyngitis. To establish the exact diagnosis it is possible by means of a smear and crop. The causative agents of angina are bacteria, and pharyngitis is provoked by viruses. With angina, antibiotics are invariably prescribed, but such drugs are fatal only for bacteria, and viruses continue to attack the body. As a result, the immune system weakened by antibiotics can not withstand viruses, which leads to disease progression and prolonged coughing. Viral pharyngitis against a background of inflammatory processes in the throat can cause a dry cough with spasms in the larynx.
Also, coughing can be a sign of rheumatic fever, usually, in addition to coughing, pain in the chest, fast fatigue, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat.
If the cough does not go away for a long time, you need to go to the therapist and have a check-up, take an X-ray, and the doctor will prescribe the treatment.
Often it happens that after a cold cough still continues to torment. If cough treatment does not show proper results and this condition lasts more than two weeks, then do not postpone the visit to the doctor. In most cases, coughing is caused by a new infection or virus that the weakened immune system is not able to cope with.
Why does the cough last a week?
If the cough does not last a week, and other symptoms (cold, low fever) are observed, the common cold most likely is the body. With timely and proper treatment, and with a cold, and with a cough it is fairly easy to cope. With improper treatment, non-compliance with the regime or complete absence of treatment, a severe inflammatory process in the trachea or bronchial tubes can develop.
To treat cough in the early stages it is recommended to do inhalations. For a long time it is known that when inhaled by warm vapors a moist environment is formed, which improves the formation and excretion of sputum. For inhalations use decoctions and infusions of herbs, essential oils.
To prepare a solution for inhalation, 1-2 tablespoons are needed. medicinal plants (chamomile, sage, mint, thyme) pour 400ml of boiling water (you can also dissolve a few drops of essential oil in hot water). You can administer inhalation in several ways: to breathe on a bowl with infusion of herbs, covered with a towel, roll a tube out of paper and inhale with it the therapeutic couples or use a special inhaler.
Do not inhale over boiling water, as well as with high blood pressure.
Why does the cough last 2 weeks?
Sometimes there are situations when, against the background of the prescribed treatment, the cough does not go away and continues to torture for more than a week. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor, undergo an additional examination and, if necessary, undergo a new course of treatment.
The long-lasting cough in most cases is caused by a new infection, with which the weakened organism has not coped. The most common causes of prolonged coughing are mycoplasmosis, pneumocystis, in more rare cases, cough causes fungal lesions (candidias, chlamydia) or mycobacterium tuberculosis.
It is worth noting that improper diagnosis and treatment can give severe complications even with a common cold.
Why does the cough last a month?
Cough can appear as a reaction of the body to pollen, wool or drugs. In this case we are talking about an allergic cough.
If cough does not pass under the influence of allergens for several weeks, in most cases it passes into bronchial asthma, so it is important to identify and eliminate the stimulus in a timely manner.
Also, the cause of a prolonged coughing can be a respiratory infection, against which there is an inflammatory process in the tonsils, pharynx, nasal mucosa, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs.
The cause of prolonged cough in children can be the presence of a foreign body in the upper respiratory tract. With paroxysmal coughing with deep breaths, it is possible to suggest the development of whooping cough.
Less often if the cough does not go away for several weeks, the cause is fibrous cystosis, bacterial pneumonia, tuberculosis, lung tumors.
Why does not coughing go Phlegm?
Sputum is a discharge from the bronchi and trachea, it can be normal (in a healthy person) and pathological (with the development of certain diseases).
In the human respiratory tract, mucus is constantly produced, which protects the body from pollutants (dust, small debris, etc.), and also resists pathogenic microorganisms.
The color of the sputum can vary from transparent to green against the background of the development of various respiratory diseases, and it can also contain various impurities (blood, pus, etc.).
Sputum production on cough is a good sign, because in this way the body gets rid of microbes. To help the body prescribed medications that facilitate expectoration, promote the production of sputum (ambroxol, bromhexine) and restore the bronchial secret (ATSTS).
With an allergic cough, antihistamines are prescribed (loratadine, fexofenadine).
If the cough does not go away, sputum is released, and there is no temperature, then the cause of this condition can be allergy, heart failure, poisonous substances in the air, smoking, as well as ticks that live in feathers pillows.
To relieve the condition with a damp cough, you need to drink more liquid, it will help reduce the viscosity of phlegm and improve its excretion from the bronchi.
If the cough with phlegm does not pass through the background of treatment, you need to inform the attending physician and undergo an additional examination (blood test, sputum, X-ray).
Why can not I dry a cough for a long time?
Coughing without sputum is called dry, usually it occurs against a background of various diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
If dry cough does not go away for a long time, it is advisable to begin medical treatment. There are several types of medications, codeine and ethylmorphine-based drugs (codeine, glaucine) have a central effect and suppress the cough reflex, acting on the medulla oblongata, drugs based on acetylaminonitropropoxybenzene (Kodelak bronho, Omnitus, Falimint, etc.) affect the cough receptors.
As an auxiliary treatment, you can use proven folk remedies that alleviate the condition with a debilitating dry cough. The most effective method for treating this kind of cough is warm milk with drinking soda, such a drink helps to reduce the cough reflex and improve your well-being.
Also 2-3 times a day you can drink a broth of black currant, peppermint, radish juice with honey, anise fruit extract.
With dry cough, inhalations with drinking soda are good.
Why does not cough go after pharyngitis?
With pharyngitis inflamed mucous pharynx, it can occur in both acute and chronic form. On the background of the disease there is a dry cough, which usually intensifies at night and leads to spasms of the larynx.
If even after treatment does not cough, then most likely the disease has not been cured or an ineffective therapy has been prescribed.
There are situations when the treatment stops on its own, even after a slight improvement in the condition. Usually in such cases a person does not want to "poison" himself with chemistry and stops taking medication, in the hope that herbal decoctions or strong immunity will help cope with the disease. However, this attitude towards treatment is unacceptable, since after the withdrawal of drugs the remaining viruses and bacteria can attack the weakened organism more strongly, which will lead to the development of heavy complications.
Why does not cough after laryngitis?
When laryngitis worried about dry cough, without sputum, hoarseness, Usually the disease is a complication of the common cold, but can develop and independently, after cold drinks, hypothermia, vocal cord overstrain, inhalation of ice or contaminated air.
At the initial stages are shown inhalation, rinsing, warm drink, medicamentous means for improving expectoration. Usually after a few days, sputum production begins, and the disease gradually passes. In the event that the cough does not pass for a long time after recovery, then an additional examination is required. Cough can occur with inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx (adenoids, tonsillitis), and a prolonged wet cough can indicate an infection in the lower respiratory tract.
Why does not a cough go after pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an infectious inflammation of the lungs. In the beginning, the cough is dry, but with time, as the inflammation in the lungs increases, it becomes wet, mucus appears. In pneumonia, coughing does not last long enough, on average pneumonia lasts about a month, but after recovery, coughing is a necessity for the body, as it helps to remove the remains of mucus from the lungs, it is also commonly called post-infection cough. The duration of the post-infection cough may range from two weeks to several months, depending on the condition of the body.
To improve well-being after pneumonia, it is recommended to do respiratory gymnastics, as well as undergo a course of physical procedures.
After treatment, the sensitivity of the cough receptors decreases, causing coughing to appear when inhaled cold air, dust, etc., this condition is the consequences of the transferred infection, but not the manifestation disease.
Why does not it cough after a cold?
Cough almost always accompanies catarrhal or viral diseases. As a rule, the symptoms of colds disappear after a few days, and after a week the body is completely healthy, but the coughing can disturb for a few more weeks.
It is believed that cough after a cold (residual) is the norm, but if it continues more three weeks, in most cases this is due to the development of complications (pneumonia, whooping cough, bronchitis and etc.).
The acute phase of the disease lasts several days, but during this period, pathogenic microorganisms destroy the respiratory mucosa, which leads to an increased sensitivity of the bronchi. After a cold a person is often disturbed by perspiration in the throat, a slight cough, the departure of a small amount of sputum. After the disease, the weakened body takes some time to recover and restore the mucous membranes. During this period, it is necessary to avoid hypothermia, it is desirable to drink a course of vitamins.
If the cough does not pass after the illness, it becomes stronger, there are other symptoms (chest pain, temperature, sputum with purulent or bloody impurities, etc.), it is necessary to consult a doctor to establish the cause and to exclude the development of serious diseases.
Why does not cough after bronchitis?
After bronchitis, coughing occurs in about half of the patients. Most often, children suffer from residual cough, because they have more bronchial flaws than adults, and the recovery period lasts longer.
If the cough does not pass after bronchitis, the reasons can be as follows:
- slow recovery process;
- severe damage to the mucosa of the respiratory tract;
- mistaken or incomplete treatment;
- allergic reactions (in particular to drugs).
Acute bronchitis occurs on average from 7 to 10 days, but even after visible improvements, bronchos take time to recover.
The average cough completely passes two weeks after bronchitis, provided that the treatment process was normal, and there are no complications. If the coughing intensifies and lasts more than three weeks, a specialist consultation is needed, since such the condition can be associated with the development of other diseases (asthma, pneumonia, bronchial obstruction, allergy).
Why does not pass cough during pregnancy?
If a pregnant woman does not get a cough for a long time, this can lead to serious consequences. During the cough, the tension of the abdominal wall and uterus occurs, as a result, the tone of the internal organs rises. The tone of the uterus in the early stages of pregnancy threatens spontaneous abortion, in late terms - premature birth.
Coughing is usually a symptom of a viral or infectious disease, and it can also appear when exposed to irritants (allergic cough). A severe debilitating cough requires immediate treatment, which should be prescribed by a specialist taking into account the period of pregnancy, the condition of the woman and the cause of the cough.
What if the child does not get a cough?
If the child does not go through a cough for a long time, the first thing to do is to identify the cause of such a condition. If coughing worries after a previous illness (SARS, influenza, bronchitis, etc.), then in this case, coughing can be associated with the recovery period. Harmful microorganisms weaken the body, provoke inflammation and irritation of the mucous membranes of respiratory pathways and the body needs time to completely free the bronchi from the remains of mucus and restore epithelium.
In this case, coughing does not pose a danger, usually the child occasionally coughs, there may be a slight discharge of sputum.
It is worth noting that each organism is individual, and the process of recovery in each individual case proceeds in its own way and can sometimes drag on for months.
If the cough lasts more than three weeks, while the amount of sputum increases, coughing becomes stronger, it is necessary show the child to the doctor, since in this case there may be a secondary infection, the development of complications or a severe allergic reaction.
Folk remedies for cough
If a long time does not pass a cough, you can use folk remedies that help calm irritated mucous membranes, improve sputum excretion and speed up the process recovery:
- Infusion of dill seeds - take 1ch. fennel seeds, crush, pour 250ml boiling water, insist 20-25 minutes. This infusion is recommended to drink instead of water during the day until complete recovery.
- Serum with garlic - 2 tbsp. garlic pour 250ml of whey of cow's milk and put on fire, immediately after boiling remove from heat and cool. This broth should be drunk during the day.
- Honey - has unique anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, with a protracted cough, you can dissolve in the mouth 1hour. honey several times a day.
- Drug broth - mix in equal parts licorice, althea root and elecampane, take 1 tbsp. mix and pour 200ml of cold water, leave for two hours. Then put on fire, bring to a boil. Cooled and strained broth to drink in three divided doses during the day, treatment course 10 days (every day it is recommended to prepare a new portion). If the cough continues, after a week, you can repeat the course of treatment.
As already noted, coughing is a protective reaction of the body, helping to release the respiratory tract from small particles of dust, various contaminants, viruses, etc. If the cough does not pass a long time, you need to determine the cause of its appearance. It is worth remembering the residual effects that occur during the recovery of the body and helps cleanse the bronchi from the remains of mucus. Also, coughing may occur because of the increased sensitivity of the receptors, in which case coughing worries after inhalation of cold air, dust or the action of allergens.
Prolonged coughing, which becomes stronger with time, is accompanied by abundant sputum or other symptoms (chest pain, temperature, runny nose, weakness, etc.) requires an urgent consultation of a specialist, since such a condition can be associated with a serious illness (asthma, tuberculosis).