VSD, or vegetative-vascular dystonia, in adolescence is a symptom complex, which is very common among this age group of children. The attitude to the VSD is ambiguous even among doctors: many of them consider dystonia not a disease, but only a transient condition associated with hormonal perestroika in the body during the puberty period.
Manifestations of VSD are more often observed in 13-15 years and are observed now in almost 50% of adolescents. After a period of puberty, many of them have symptoms disappearing. The course of the VSD can be acute and chronic. At an acute course the pathology is shown in the form of attacks, more often as reaction to a stressful situation.
Problems in the body of modern adolescents are not accidental, given their way of life: significant loads in receiving education, sedentary pa
The main factors contributing to the development of the IRR are:
The negative influence of any of these factors (or several simultaneously) can lead to the emergence of IRR.
Until the end of the VSD has not been studied. It is believed that the primary is a violation of the nervous system, and cardiovascular changes are already secondary. Since the nervous system regulates the function of all organs, including body temperature, pulse and pressure, secretion of sweat glands, etc., then the manifestations of IRD in adolescents can be very diverse.
The most common symptoms are:
In young men, painful manifestations are more frequent. For girls psycho-emotional reactions are more characteristic.
Psychic at this age is unstable, so any difficulties and problems become stress for the body. More often VSD susceptible excitable, emotional adolescents, in whom any occasion causes deep feelings.
With VSD often a bad mood is noted until depression, many phobias develop (fears). Characteristic suspiciousness, tearfulness, tantrums are not excluded. In addition to sweating, secretion of the sebaceous glands increases, swelling may appear, poor tolerance of heat and cold.
For the acute form of the VSD are characterized by seizures:
For adolescents, lower BP is more characteristic.
Quite often the VSD of adolescence does not lead to serious consequences, only the well-being of children suffers. But in some cases all the same in the future develops persistent hypertension by the age of 30.
To confirm the diagnosis of VSD, sometimes a consultation of different specialists is needed: pediatrician, cardiologist, neurologist, endocrinologist, oculist, gastroenterologist.
In addition, additional studies can be used:
Treatment VSD in the pubertal period depends on the individual symptoms, the severity of the flow. Usually the doctor begins treatment with non-drug methods.
Computer games and watching TV programs also relate to psycho-emotional stress, and not to rest. Parents should monitor and limit the time spent by a teenager at the TV and computer.
It is desirable to ensure the consumption of foods rich in trace elements. Potassium contains dried fruits, beets, potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, beans, raisins. Magnesium is rich in nuts, carrots, oatmeal and buckwheat porridge.
In the absence of the effect of non-pharmacological treatment and physiotherapy, a doctor selects a course of medications individually.
The following drugs are used:
Attention! Only a doctor can choose drugs and determine the duration of drug treatment!
Vegeto-vascular dystonia in adolescents should not be ignored. Such conditions do not always require medical treatment, but the doctor must be treated. Symptoms VSD nonspecific, so the appointment of a doctor should be examined by a teenager to make sure that there is no organic pathology of the organs.
Prevention of the VSD in the child must be dealt with at an early age: to instill a love for sport, to form a desire for a healthy lifestyle, aversion to bad habits. It is also important to create friendly relations in the family.
The doctor's recommendations for non-drug treatment of the VSD should be carried out in order to avoid the future formation of cardiovascular pathology, hypertension, neuroses, etc. diseases. Only with the implementation of medical recommendations can you expect a favorable prognosis, the disappearance without consequences of all manifestations of the VSD.
The doctor-pediatrist Chernega N. F. tells about vegetative-vascular dystonia in children:
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