Diseases of the respiratory system have a high risk for humans. One such common pathology is pneumonia, which causes inflammation of the lung tissue and irreversible changes in it. To avoid oxygen starvation of tissues, the disease must necessarily start on time to treat.
Pneumonia often has a viral nature, but even in other cases, it is joined by bacterial infection, so adults are required to perform antibiotic therapy, appointing 1-2 drugs Simultaneously. The treatment standards take into account several factors:
Adults prescribe antibiotics for pneumonia, taking into account their age, and even with negligible the effectiveness of a single drug does not change it within 3 days or until a sputum test is decoded patient. For the treatment of pneumonia use modern popular drugs under the
Folk treatment of pneumonia in adults is effective in combination with taking medications if therapy is done at home. To do this, you can use the following recipes:
To begin with, it is recommended that you change your position frequently in bed and do not lie on your side, which hurts. After 3-4 days, when the acute period of the disease is already behind, you can begin respiratory gymnastics, for which you lie on your back and put your hands on your stomach. You need to exhale after a deep breath, but do it slowly, straining your abdominal muscles. Approaches should be at least 5 per day, each of which includes 15 reps. It is recommended to use LFK and for the prevention of pneumonia.
Treatment of pneumonia in an adult depends on many factors, the first of which is the type of this disease. Therapy for the elderly is mandatory in the hospital, otherwise the decision is made by the doctor. The algorithm of treatment consists of several stages. First pneumonia is diagnosed, then the focus of inflammation is eliminated with antibiotics. Next, additional medications are prescribed for the remaining signs of the disease.
In adults this form arises more often than others and is divided into right-sided and left-sided. A particular species is bilateral, when lesions are present in both lungs. Treatment of pneumonia in an adult is carried out permanently with the use of antibiotics, physiotherapy, inhalations and elimination of allergic reactions. With a one-sided or bilateral form, you need to ensure the correct position of the patient - semi-sitting to improve the performance of the lungs.
Viruses, bacteria or fungi and parasites lead to the viral form. The first two days for the treatment of pneumonia for an adult are prescribed to take antiviral drugs, such as Tamiflu or Ingavirin in the influenza nature and Acyclovir in the causative agent causing varicella. In addition to these medicines, the patient is prescribed antipyretic, analgesic and cough suppressants that help to sputum. Antibiotics are prescribed only with the addition of bacterial infection.
This type of pneumonia is also called focal. It develops against the background of bronchitis, therefore it is especially dangerous due to its consequences - pleuropneumonia, abscess and even gangrene, therefore the methods of treatment are chosen only by a doctor. Antibiotics become mandatory in therapy, and they are chosen according to the degree of influence on the intestinal microflora. Ecoantibiotics are often used. In addition, adults are treated with drugs that dilute, excrete phlegm and restore the immune system.
The most serious of all is the atypical form, because it is caused by atypical pathogens and often there is such pneumonia in an adult without temperature. The insidious disease is also due to the fact that it has a latent period when the symptoms are practically absent. Antibiotics are often unable to cope with the manifestations of this type of pneumonia, so an adult is prescribed immunoglobulins and special procedures for sucking out fluid in the lungs. Treatment is complemented by a complex of vitamins and antipyretic.
Another complex form of pneumonia is the radical one. It is difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms are similar to tuberculosis and central lung cancer. Drugs for treatment are prescribed immediately after diagnosis, with several drugs at the same time, that the condition was relieved in 2-3 days and the patient could be prescribed heating and exercise therapy.
Indications for hospitalization are deterioration of the patient's condition or inability to apply the necessary drugs at home. With timely treatment, relief comes in 2-4 days, but possible complications increase the duration of stay in the hospital to 10 days, and often up to 4 weeks. The patient is given injections or drips with antibiotics, then physiological saline is injected in the same way to detoxify the body. In combination with these drugs, adults are prescribed expectorant and antipyretic agents.
Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in adults is done at home and takes 7 to 10 days. It adds a period for the restoration of the body, which can take from 1 to several months. The same amount can be used to fight chronic pneumonia. The duration of treatment depends on the timeliness of therapy. In addition, the effectiveness of the selected drugs is also important. Inpatient therapy has an average duration of 9-10 days with severe form. Stagnant pneumonia can be cured in 20-25 days.
Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) in both adults and children and the elderly requires timely adequate treatment, because otherwise it can lead to the development of severe complications. Correct treatment of this disease can be prescribed only by a doctor, after examining the patient and conducting the necessary studies.
Antibiotic therapy is prescribed taking into account the conducted microscopic studies. In the event that microscopy or sowing were not performed, the patient is selected antibiotics, focusing on his age, epidemiological factors and severity of the disease.
In adults, this disease is treated in accordance with the concept of the so-called "stepwise therapy which implies a two-stage application of antibiotics. At the same time, as soon as possible, there is a transition of the introduction of the drug from the parenteral to the non-parenteral route (usually oral, ie through the mouth).
If a patient has pneumonia, the doctor, before giving him treatment, will determine the severity of his condition. As a rule, all people who have symptoms of pneumonia are divided into several groups.
Regardless of whether the out-of-hospital or nosocomial pneumonia is involved, the patient should be hospitalized or transferred to the pulmonology department. For therapy, drugs belonging to the group of fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin) are used. It is necessary to identify the pathogen that caused pneumonia.
Symptomatic therapy of pneumonia in adults is aimed at alleviating and eliminating its main symptoms. So, when the temperature rises above 3 degrees, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nimesil, aspirin, indomethacin, Nurofen) are used. Used thinning sputum and facilitating her expectoration of the drug (marshmallow, licorice, ambroxol, lazolvan, solvine, fluimitsil, fluditik, haliksol, ATSTS, Mukaltin and bromhexine).
For the purpose of detoxification therapy, the patient, if necessary, may be given intravenous fluid injection, for example, haemodesis. Also, the patient may be prescribed antihistamines, drugs that simulate local and general immunity, ascorbic acid and B vitamins. In severe cases, cardiac glycosides, analeptics, etc. are used.
Physiotherapy, which is performed in adult patients, can reduce inflammation, as well as restore the ventilation function of the lungs. This treatment promotes the acceleration of resorption of the inflammatory infiltrate, reduction of the bronchial obstruction, activation of alveolar-capillary transport and increase in the level of nonspecific resistance organism.
With pneumonia, you need to be treated not only with medication, but also with the help of physiotherapy exercises. Simple exercises are a good prevention of complications. Beginning to practice is recommended already from the first days of illness. At first the patient should change position in bed more often.
Do not lie on the side that hurts, it is better to change position more often, lying down on a healthy side and on the back. For 3-4 days you need to begin respiratory gymnastics. For this, the patient must lie down, put his hands on his stomach and take a deep breath. Exhale should be slow, while pulling the abdominal muscles. Repeat this exercise should be 15 times 5 times a day. It is possible to supplement such breathing exercises with other movements, for example, with tilts and rotation of the trunk.
The room in which it is located should be regularly ventilated and held in it by wet cleaning. The person should have personal hygiene items and cutlery. If he has signs of complications, it is worthwhile again to see a doctor.
The food should be high in calories, but it is necessary to exclude from the diet difficult to digest products (for example, too fatty). Every day you need to eat fruits and vegetables. Abundant drink will help to increase the excretion of phlegm and prevent the development of dehydration against the background of high temperatures. The patient should drink about three liters a day, alkaline mineral water, fruit juices and various fruit drinks will suit.
Those who are treated at home often use various folk remedies, having consulted their doctor in advance. You can use, for example, a decoction of raisins. For its preparation, half a glass of dark raisins are passed through a meat grinder, poured a glass of boiling water and pressed on fire for 10 minutes. Then decoction is filtered, squeezed and drunk three times a day until recovery.
And also the treatment with folk remedies often includes the use of a decoction of figs. To make it, you need to pour a couple of dried figs with a glass of cold milk and boil on low heat for 15 minutes. The received drink should be taken a glass a couple of times a day. Folk remedies for poorly departing sputum are hazelnuts, which the patient can eat in large quantities.
Many patients are interested in the question of how long the treatment lasts. In each case, the duration of therapy is determined by the doctor individually. If there are no complications, then taking antibiotics continues for another three days after the temperature normalization.
Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia is a serious and dangerous disease. It has an infectious nature, with improper treatment or lack of it can lead to serious complications, up to a lethal outcome, and, of course, requires consultation with a physician in the process treatment.
Pneumonia in children and people over 65 requires mandatory hospitalization.If you refused to go to the hospital and plan to be treated at home, then you need to know some rules that will help to successfully cope with this disease.
Treatment at home of pneumonia in adults lasts approximately10-14 days,a severe form will require at least 21 days of treatment.A similar situation with treatment in children. Consultation with a doctor is still necessary, because pneumonia requires complex treatment, primarily with antibiotics, correctly pick up which, given your condition, age, individual sensitivity to the drugs, the causative agent that caused the inflammation, can only specialist.
Folk remedies are very effective as an additional treatment for pneumonia in the home, and we will dwell on them in more detail.
The main drug that can be used at home is inhalationwith pneumonia. In this case, you can use either a special inhaler purchased at a pharmacy, or use a saucepan or kettle by making a paper funnel on it.
Very effective inhalation with decoction of leaves of eucalyptus, sage, mint, chamomile, calendula, essential oils. You can alternate them with saline-alkaline inhalations (salt and soda in equal proportions).
However, inhalation should be used with caution: they are not recommended for high temperature and the presence of cardiovascular diseases.
For expectoration use the juice of black radish with honey, onion juice with sugar.
A well-proven cough remedy is boiled milk with butter and honey.
A good addition is a massage(nose area, thoracic region). Massage with pneumonia does not require special training, and it can be done by any of the family members of the patient: it is necessary to do stroking, rubbing the chest (immediately the front part from the bottom up, then from the back for 10-15 minutes daily, starting from 4-5 days after the start of treatment (ie, when the acute period of inflammation is already passed).
How to treat pneumonia in the initial stage?The initial stage of the disease is often accompanied by a decrease in appetite. This is normal, do not overly "stuff" the patient, make him eat. In such periods it is best to confine yourself to fruit, fresh juices, compotes, in the initial stages recovery can be added to the diet of chicken broths, light soups, sour-milk products, boiled meat or fish, vegetables. Eat more often, but little by little.
Better to exclude from the diet until the recovery of products such as salt, sugar, fatty meat and dairy products, avoid fried foods, bakery and confectionery products, spicy sauces.
Also, you should take care of the intestinal microflora during antibiotic treatment and use sour-milk products - kefir, yoghurts.
During the period of the disease it is recommended, in addition to the standard procedure for cleaning teeth, rinse the mouth and throat with a solution of baking soda, decoctions of herbs (sage, chamomile, calendula).
It should be noted that viruses in the body die precisely at a high temperature (above 38 degrees), so antipyretic drugs should be given to patients only if fever is poorly tolerated, otherwise it is better to suffer - this is a guarantee of speedy recovery. Antipyretics, like antibiotics, should be taken as prescribed by the doctor.
A serious obstacle to a successful recovery may be a mistaken belief that with pneumonia it is necessary to steak properly. This in any case can not be done. Elevated body temperature is in itself a great test for the cardiovascular system, so do not create additional stresses for it.
Also, during the illness, pneumonia can not be smoked, drink alcohol, carry the disease on your feet, take a bath, shower in the presence of temperature.
Not for the benefit during the treatment of the sick heat and stuffiness in the room, dry air, dust - all this contributes to the drying up of phlegm and prevents the body from fighting infection.
Thus, in order to cope with the inflammation of the lungs at home, it is necessary to consult a doctor on time, take antibiotics prescribed by him, provide the patient with bed rest, proper care, diet and copious drinking, carefully monitor his condition to prevent complications..
Pneumonia refers to pneumonia. This disease is one of the most serious infectious diseases. Pneumonia takes on an alarming scale, if both lungs are affected, this condition in common speech is called bilateral pneumonia.
Sesame seeds are a valuable folk remedy in the treatment of pneumonia. The infusion of seeds can be done by soaking 15 grams of seeds in 250 ml of water. This infusion in the form of a folk remedy for the treatment of pneumonia is taken by mixing it with a tablespoon of flaxseed oil, a pinch of table salt, and a dessert spoonful of honey. This folk remedy will help to remove catarrhal inflammations and sputum from bronchioles.
Garlic is a wonderful folk remedy for the treatment and prevention of pneumonia, if it is given in sufficient quantities. Garlic reduces the temperature, as well as the pulse and respiration rate for forty-eight hours. Garlic paste can also be applied externally, applying a compress on the chest.
Such a folk remedy is not only useful, but also delicious. Carrot juice, either in combination with spinach juice, or beetroot juice and cucumber, may also be useful in the treatment of pneumonia. You need 200 ml of spinach juice or 100 ml of beetroot juice and cucumber mix with 300 ml of carrot juice to prepare as a result 500 ml or half a liter of a mixture of juices. Such a folk remedy for pneumonia will suit both an adult and a child.
This method to many readers helped to get rid of pneumonia and clean the lungs of mucus. Take a glass of whole grains of oats (preferably unwashed), drink it, a liter of milk and evaporate over low heat, stirring, to half the volume. Then the oats are wiped through a sieve. In the end, it turns out about half a glass of liquid (color coffee with milk) gruel. It tastes sweet. These half a cup of gruel should be drunk at a time before meals. Prepare such a drug and take 3 times a day.
Cake from grains can be washed through a sieve with milk and this liquid is drunk (in severe cases). The remains of the cake are thrown away.
After about a week, the lungs will begin to purify themselves of mucus. It occurs in the form of a strong and prolonged cough for 20-30 minutes. Those who seriously suffered from pneumonia, can get away green sputum in the form of compressed pieces. It is important to remember that if you suffer from constipation, lung disease is their consequence. Be sure to remove constipation
round dance helps a lot
In the evening, gather the whole village around the fire and sing songs! !
It will save you
only in the hospital and otherwise you can die!
There are no such means, alas... only drugs will help
Pneumonia is a serious disease, folk remedies will not help. Treat medicamentously
Breathing exercises with the use of medicine.
The causes of pneumonia, called pneumonia, can be different, ranging from infection to inhalation of harmful substances. There are cases when the disease manifests itself as a result of prolonged bed rest. It is important to comply with all the requirements of the doctor and additionally treat pneumonia with folk remedies. If the first symptoms are found, to avoid complications, call a doctor.
To resort to home methods of fighting the disease should only after the doctor determines pneumonia. The effectiveness of folk treatment is only in combination with the therapy prescribed by a specialist. In this case, the use of such methods should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.
The most common ingredients that help fight lung inflammation are onions and garlic. Here are some useful recipes.
Onion and milk broth:
For the treatment of chronic pneumonia, you can use the following folk recipe:
The most proven means for pneumonia is the application of mustard plasters. However, there are many recipes for other procedures.
The next morning you should consider a towel. If the cottage cheese has acquired a yellowish shade, then there is inflammation of the lungs.
To combat focal pneumonia, treatment with such a folk remedy is used:
During the recovery period after the illness, the following means are used:
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