Treatment of a severe bouts of coughing must be comprehensive and conducted after a doctor's visit and identify the underlying ailment or factor that provokes an unpleasant phenomenon. Symptomatic manifestations of sharp reflex irritative exhalations are mitigated by a large number of different means.
In the arsenal of doctors, there are many techniques that can effectively combat the manifestations of a rough irritating cough that do not give the patient a rest. It can be both the use of medicament preparations, and the use of other methods that are no less effective in the symptomatic treatment of the tearing reflex spasms of the respiratory tract:
Symptomatic treatment of irritant cough goes through quite effectively with the help of such emollients:
Before treating an irritating cough it is necessary to understand that the symptom will not pass until its cause is eliminated. All methods and techniques that help to mitigate the manifestation of unpleasant spastic exhalations, tearing up the throat or respiratory tract, ease the condition only for a while. The disease itself, which provokes seizures, they do not cure.
That's why when an irritating cough occurs, you need to visit a doctor, and not engage in amateur activities. The specialist will diagnose and help cure the underlying disease, with the disappearance of which will disappear and the painful symptom.
Dry cough- non-productive, which does not produce sputum. This kind of cough reflex is especially painful, painful and not bringing relief. The cause of its appearance can be as irritation of the respiratory tract by various substances (allergens, dust, gases, vapors of chemical substances, etc.), and infectious and inflammatory diseases (viral, bacterial) organs respiration. Also, an unproductive cough may indicate:
Before treating a dry, painful cough, you should find out the root cause of its occurrence. This can only be done by a doctor after certain examinations. With respiratory infections, the treatment of dry cough is directed, first of all, to translating it into a productive, moist form. Consider what it is usually recommended to treat a very dry, irritating cough with bronchitis and other diseases caused by various respiratory infections.
If a dry cough was tortured at night, then the list of drugs than treating this symptom may include antitussive drugs that suppress the cough reflex. The use of drugs of this group is justified with frequent, exhausting cough, disturbing normal sleep, accompanied by vomiting, intense pain.
Antitussive drugs are divided into two main types:
1. Drugs of central action - directly affect the cough center in the brain:
2. Preparations of peripheral action - depress the cough reflex due to the action on the nerve endings of the respiratory tract:
To expand the bronchi, activate the work of the respiratory system, dilute hard-to-remove viscous sputum, expectorants are used. These drugs are also divided into two groups:
1. Secretory drugs that stimulate reflex expectoration and contribute to increasing the formation of bronchial secretions of liquid secretion (sputum). These funds are based on:
2. Mukoreguljatory, thinning out a dense phlegm and promoting its or her leaving. These are such drugs as:
The listed medicinal preparations with dry cough can be used both orally (tablets, syrups, etc.), and by inhalation with a nebulizer or inhaler.Preparations from dry cough on a plant basis
Also, dry coughs can be recommended lollipops or lozenges for absorption, enveloping and softening the irritated mucous membrane of the larynx. This, as a rule, means based on medicinal plants:
In order for dry cough to quickly go into the wet, you should:
The child coughs when the surface of the throat is irritated. This happens during illness or when the body fights the infection, secreting a lot of phlegm. What if I have a dry cough in my baby? Young mothers often become confused and begin to panic, especially if there is no coughing up. How to help the baby calm down, get rid of this ailment, find out the causes and ways of treating the disease? Treat or rely on folk remedies?
Coughing in an adult and a child is one of the reflexes that helps to rid the body of excess mucus, germs and foreign bodies. When it becomes suffocating, the liquid does not clear up in the form of phlegm, then this process is called dry cough. Especially dangerous if it appears in the baby. This is a symptom of a viral infection, which can be of a long character, and can go away in a few days, with proper diet and adequate treatment.
When a dry cough in a baby or older child acquires a permanent character, this is a consequence of a serious illness. An inflamed larynx, trachea or tonsils lead to a severe attack, which becomes suffocating and brings the baby to vomiting. In such cases, you should not torture a child, you need to immediately contact the pediatrician, who will tell you what to take and how to soothe the baby.
To stop the incessant dry cough in a child and to alleviate his condition, it is necessary to determine what triggered this process. Modern medicine has several dozen reasons, the occurrence of seizures in children, we list the most frequent of them:
Many parents during the illness of the child do not want to resort to the help of modern medicine. If you do not want to stuff your child with harmful syrups and tablets, load a small organism with a chemically advertised products, then you can take advantage of the experience of our grandmothers who knew how to treat and how to alleviate the difficult condition patient. Most types of cough in a child can be cured at home, using folk recipes.
Herbal treatment for many centuries has accumulated a lot of experience and does not cease to show a positive result in the fight against a dry cough in a child. Thanks to the healing properties of plants, many diseases are cured, and the preventive use of natural elements secures the result. Here are a few options for useful herbs:
In medicine, mustard plasters are used as a warming agent due to the content of essential oil, which causes a rush of blood and leads to a deepening of breathing. Use them with caution. mustard causes increased production of sputum, which can cause spasm in the bronchi and the larynx, hence the complication - obstructive bronchitis. The vapor from the mustard plasters is caustic, and if inhaled, they can cause a mucous burn. The mustard is a distraction, the benefits of this drug have not been proven. Contraindications to use:
Children rarely like inhalation, if you manage to persuade your child to breathe over a warm steam, then a dry, prolonged dry cough can be cured quickly without harming your health. Applying this folk way, you will replace them with chemical preparations, syrups and tablets. Advantages of using inhalation for dry cough:
But with all the positive qualities that inhalation has, do not forget about contraindications:
Do not underestimate the benefits of a simple, at first glance, popular way of cough treatment. During the application of compress on the chest area, deep warming of the tissues takes place. This action has an anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect. Compresses are of several types:
Applying a compress, you need to make sure that the baby's temperature is normal, otherwise it will provoke an even greater increase. Carry out this procedure in the evening, so that after taking off the child immediately went to bed. With care, you need to use a honey compress. Often the child is allergic to this product. Doctors warn parents of alcohol bandages, because, absorbed through the skin, alcohol harms the small body.
Sometimes folk remedies, with all their advantages, do not cope with a neglected disease. Then, to help parents come medication from a night dry cough. To quickly get rid of the disease, you need to seek help from a pediatrician who will tell you how to relieve a fit of cough and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Antitussive medications are taken at night, just before bedtime, and expectorants during the day.
Modern pharmaceuticals consist of several hundred different syrups from cough, expensive and cheap. Made for the child, they have a pleasant sweet taste, the smell, thanks to the fruity additives and natural dyes. This medication is prescribed for children under three years of age. a child of this age is difficult to swallow a pill. Syrups from a dry cough in a child, depending on the cause of its occurrence, have a soft, enveloping effect. Before use, read the instructions carefully, exclude contraindications. There are several types:
Preparations for allergic cough
The most effective way to cure this kind of cough is to eliminate the source of allergy. This can be animal hair, dust, chemicals (washing powder, aerosols). In case this did not solve the problem, you need to use the drugstore drugs that suppress the allergic reaction. Only a doctor is entitled to prescribe a treatment. It is necessary to know that such medicines have an effect if you cleaned your house of the cause that caused the allergy. Otherwise, the action will be weak.
To ease the obsessive cough in a child, the doctor often prescribes a dry potion. This drug before consumption is diluted with boiled water and taken internally. Advantages of dry medicine:
With pneumonia, inflammation of the bronchi, trachea and laryngitis, the doctor, in addition to folk methods, prescribes soluble powders from a cough, such as "ATSTS". This medicine is taken for 7 days. Relief comes on the second day of treatment. Well dissolves the dried sputum and allows it to easily release bronchi and lungs. Due to the irritating and antioxidant effect it fights bacteria and infection, which is caused by ARVI.
The longer the child coughs, the faster the coughing habits in the brain are formed. The reason is gone, and the seizures remain for months. In most cases this is due to dehydration of the body, low level of humidity in the house. These reasons are easily eliminated by copious drinking (not carbonated, not sweet drinks), daily wet cleaning, or by the inclusion of an air humidifier (preferably).
All respected doctor Komarovsky as no one else will be able to talk about the causes of prolonged dry cough, how to help alleviate the condition of a sick kid and his parents, if the child he coughed all night. Available and with the humor inherent in this pediatrician, he will disclose information about the methods of treatment, about contraindications to these or other methods. Answer the most exciting questions of parents.
Irina, 27 years old: "My son is 3 years old. A month ago I started to go to the kindergarten, less than a week passed and fell ill next morning. I returned home with fever. Dry cough only began at night. I did not know what helped in such cases and began to treat it with folk remedies: I made chamomile, mother-and-stepmother and rose hips. After applying herbs, a few days later the cough became wet, the runny nose disappeared. "
Olga, 25 years old: "After discharge from the hospital, my baby has a dry cough. I did not know how to properly treat in children up to a year this disease. The child was without temperature and there were no other signs of a cold. Accidentally I saw the transfer of Dr. Komarovsky, who talked about coughing in children. The reason was found in the soft toys and carpet that were in our room. "
Natalia, 32 years old: "When my child has an unproductive cough, I think it's from the dry air in the house and I know how to stop the illness: I conduct a wet cleaning in the room, I enter the drinking regime, in the form of clean water and warm tea with honey, I turn on the humidifier for a night from dry air, aired house. I do not close the window for sleep, even in winter. And that's all! I do not welcome any chemistry, and we do not go to the doctors, we do not drip anything into our nose. "
The reasons for this condition can be:
If you listen to a cough, you can hear its different shades and varieties. There are several types:
If he is not too intrusive, with short coughs, then he is called pharyngeal. At the same time, the pharyngeal mucosa dries up or the mucus accumulates at the entrance to the larynx.
In whooping cough are characterized by multiple coughing thrusts, which are accompanied by a deep breath with a whistling sound.
Barking cough appears with laryngitis and tracheitis. It occurs when the inflammatory process of the vocal cords. If barking breath is added to the barking dry cough, then this is a manifestation of croup.
When you hear low tones with a gradual increase, this may be a symptom of tuberculosis.
During the catarrhal disease, there may appear a pertussis cough of an obsessive nature.
Spastic cough speaks of bronchial asthma. It is unproductive and intrusive. He appears closer to the morning. Such a condition may indicate obstructive bronchitis, but without a series of seizures.
The metallic shade of a dry cough that appears during a conversation during a meal can talk about a mental disorder, but this is only diagnosed after a serious examination.
Provoke a strong dry cough in an adult can various factors. These include:
Often a dry cough occurs during a cold disease, if the weakened immunity does not cope with its protective functions, and the disease passes into the bronchi. As a result, acute bronchitis appears, which, in the absence of proper treatment, goes into a chronic stage. With prolonged coughing in an adult, deformation of the bronchial walls can occur, which leads to asthma, lung abscess and pneumonia.
A long, dry throat cough and severe swallowing in the pharynx are with chronic pharyngitis. This is a serious disease that needs to be treated in a hospital.
A very long spasmodic cough accompanied by pain in the side, shortness of breath and fever can be observed with pleurisy.
The spasmodic nature of cough often refers to the manifestation of bronchial asthma. Usually it appears in the night and evening and appears against the background of an allergen. An attack can cause suffocation, pain in the abdomen and chest. It can last about one hour.
Paroxysmal cough characterized by inflammatory processes of the pharynx, larynx and nasopharynx. If the time is not taken to eliminate them, the painful condition passes into bronchitis, pneumonia and tracheitis.
Dry barking cough in adults is characteristic of parainfluenza. This is an acute viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract. It is a symptom of the acute form of laryngitis and pharyngitis and manifests itself at night. In bronchial asthma, it is accompanied by attacks of suffocation. Lack of proper treatment can lead to death. When croupous pneumonia cough is accompanied by painful sensations in the chest. Pertussis in an adult is caused not only by a barking cough, but also by attacks of vomiting.
The emergence of a suffocating cough can be caused by a variety of factors. Often this happens when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, and the allergen irritates the mucous membrane. More often the symptom indicates a serious disease, which include:
Such a cough is often observed in smokers with experience. The absence of treatment for chronic bronchitis can lead to secondary tuberculosis.
Coughing attacks at night often occur due to bronchial asthma. It is accompanied by wheezing, stiffness of the chest and difficulty breathing.
The cause may be heart failure, in which there is shortness of breath and heart rate increases.
Acid reflux irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract with the contents of the esophagus and stomach, causing a night cough.
A good alternative in the treatment of dry cough in adults are medicinal herbs and doses. In the pharmacy you can buy various nursing fees. Phyto tea also helps effectively in treatment. They are easy to use and pleasant to taste. The most effective herbs are: plantain, flax seeds, lime blossom, oregano and thyme. To relieve bronchial spasms, chamomile, valerian, and aura are soothing at night.
Good help and inhalation, which can be carried out at home. Sage, chamomile, thyme and mother-and-stepmother in equal parts, pour two liters of boiling water. Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil and soda. Cover yourself with a towel and breathe healing couples for ten minutes.
A tablespoon of viburnum should be cooked in half a liter of water. Then add honey and drink four times a day.
In a liter of milk, boil a finely chopped onion and three cloves of garlic. Then add the honey and drink every hour for half a glass until the dry cough disappears.
Pour a tablespoon of oat flakes with a lot of water and cook for thirty minutes. Drink honey four times a day.
In half a glass of lemon juice add two tablespoons of honey and one spoonful of glycerin. Take a teaspoon six times a day.
Spoon a tablespoon of sugar over the fire until it turns brown. Dissolve, and then drink a birch sap.
To get rid of cough, it is better to use several methods of treatment.
For the treatment of dry cough used drugs of two types:
Means that suppress the patient's cough reflex. These include: codeine, oxeladin and ethylmorphine.
Medications that affect cough receptors. Effectively help: linkas, kodelak bronho and terpinkod.
1. Take chamomile, sage, mother-and-stepmother, linden, eucalyptus. All pour water, insist, add a little balm "Star use in the form of inhalation up to three times a day.
2. Take a warm lean oil, rub your chest, then you need to wrap yourself in a warm towel, put a heating pad on top.
3. Wash the walnuts, chop them, then put them in a jar, add blackberry, honey, pour boiling water. Wrap the mixture. Insist 6 hours. Drink 100 ml each.
4. That sputum is easier to separate, it is necessary to use juice with cowberry, add honey.
5. Prepare tea with raspberries, viburnum, currants.
6. If, in addition, that the throat hurts, the cough disturbs, the genyantritis is necessary to use such agent. For the recipe, you need salt, warm water - 200 ml, mix everything, wait until the salt dissolves. You need to inhale the solution with your nose, if you cure the rhinitis in time, you can protect yourself from pneumonia, bronchitis.
7. Sore throat and cough in small children are treated with this recipe, it will need carrot juice with the addition of honey, lemon. Give the child before he goes to bed.
8. Breast babies can try this remedy, take acacia honey, add anise, a little salt, water. Give a child a teaspoon is not more. It is important in this situation to follow how your child reacted to the drug, if there is no side effect, you can continue to treat them.
9. Get rid of bronchitis with this recipe, you need 20 grams of aloe juice, 100 grams of smaltz, cow's butter, a little cocoa. Everything is thoroughly mixed, used warm, it is best to use goat's milk. The product perfectly strengthens the body.
With an unproductive dry cough, you need to use inhalation based on budesonide. The throat can ache with acute pharyngitis, because of this torment cough, you need to remove the swelling. Therefore, antibacterial preparations are used, as well as syrups based on oils that will help soften the mucous membrane. It is recommended to take medications that can depress the center of a cough, they contain a large number of such substances - paxeladin, tusuprex, dextromethorphan, oxeladin.
Remember, with acute pharyngitis, it is forbidden to take mucolytic drugs, which are used to make phlegm easier to withdraw. Because of a strong cough the throat is strongly irritated, therefore it is necessary to gargle as much as possible a throat with a soda-salt solution.
1. Opioid, they include Destrometorfan. With their help depresses the center of the cough in the brain. Do not be afraid to take them, they do not belong to the group of narcotic or hypnotic drugs. To such drugs is Alex Plus. Also, the drugs, which include Codeine, differ from the previous group in that they have a large number of side effects for the human body. Dependence may develop with time.
2. Antihistamines - Tavegil, Dimedrol, Diazolin. With the help of them you can get rid of the cough that tortures at night, are used only for allergic reactions.
Please note that cough medicines can be taken only when the cause of its occurrence is not clearly established or cough, sore throat reduces performance, because of this person is worried about insomnia, fainting, bronchospasm, urinary incontinence. Take care of those drugs that relieve the reflex - cough. If they are misused, you can harm your body. Often with acute respiratory viral infection, a person is first disturbed by a dry cough, then gradually it passes into a wet cough without additional medication.
Because of bronchitis and pneumonia, a damp cough often appears, with a strong pain in the thoracic region. In this situation, you need to use mucolytic drugs, they have an expectorant effect. These include syrups based on althaea, licorice, other essential oils, when they begin to irritate the gastrointestinal tract, improves salivation in the bronchi.
They can prescribe medications that regulate sputum, the best remedy is Carbocysteine, with the help of it you can restore the elasticity, the viscosity of the mucus, as soon as possible to withdraw it. Also to this group of drugs is Bromhexine, Ambroxol.
In acute bronchitis, pneumonia, which are accompanied by high body temperature, green sputum, it is necessary to take antibiotics sulfanilamide group. In addition, brew mint, mother-and-stepmother, anise, oregano, thyme.
1. As much as possible to drink, so you can quickly dilute sputum.
2. Use in the treatment of steam inhalation with the addition of eucalyptus, menthol.
3. It is effective to lubricate the back with goat fat.
4. Brew broths based on pine buds, thyme, oregano, sage, nettle, anise, licorice.
5. In the room constantly moisturize the air, remember that dry air can greatly irritate the bronchi, lungs. Do not forget to clean the air humidifiers in time, they contain a large amount of mold, because of it, hypersensitivity to the fungus can occur, cough is further aggravated.
So, before treating the throat, cough, you need to find out the cause of the disease, determine the type of cough, then just start the course of therapy. First recommend to pay for folk home remedies, only in cases of its inefficiency you can proceed to the medicinal method of treatment.
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