Nebulizer for children from cough and cold

Inhaler for children from cough and cold

Effective and safe way to cope with the symptoms of colds, flu and ARVI - nebulizer therapy. So called treatment with the help of special devices, inhalers and nebulizers. The inhaler for children from cough and cold makes the medicine immediately to the focus of inflammation. Inhalations are indicated for bronchitis, asthma, laryngitis and other problems associated with respiratory health.

Types of inhalers for children

Physicians distinguish three main types of devices: steam, ultrasonic and compressor. All of them operate according to the same principle: they convert the drug into steam or aerosol for deep penetration of the drug into the respiratory tract. Using inhalers for children from cough and cold helps to carry out procedures with a minimum amount of medication. Before deciding which inhaler is best, you need to find out how they differ.


A steam inhaler is suitable for treating the upper respiratory tract. It is an improved modification of the famous fol

k method "breathe over the potatoes." The device is based on the inhalation of hot steam. He works with volatile substances, in which the threshold of boiling is less than 100 degrees - these are essential oils and herbal decoctions. The solution heats up to 45 degrees, is transformed into steam and is fed through a mask into the nose and mouth.

Disadvantages of a steam inhaler in the treatment of children:

  • It is difficult for a child to inhale a hot stream of air.
  • During heating, part of the active nutrients is destroyed.
  • The concentration of the drug in the inhaled cloud is lower than necessary for treatment.
  • The list of solutions that are allowed to fill the device is small.

Steam inhaler - the cheapest, the cost of simple devices - from 10 dollars, the average price range: 35-40 dollars. Famous steam inhalers for children: "Cow" (the name was translated as "Burenka"), "Puppy" ("Dog"), "Camomile". In the pharmacy can offer a device called "Chudopar it is not childish, but it is used for all family members, including children.


The device of this type creates a powerful airflow and feeds it through a small hole in the drug solution chamber. An aerosol cloud is formed, which through the mask is inhaled to the patient. The advantage of this device is that it can spray almost all types of drugs prescribed for inhalation. Minus - the device is very noisy and some kids perceive it with caution, with difficulty get used to it. The device has an electric compressor and a nebulizer, spraying liquid.

To reduce the anxiety of children when meeting with the device, manufacturers make compressor-type inhalers attractive. A merry locomotive or a baby whale is taken for a toy. Among such devices, Omron inhalers are distinguished. They are qualitative, they often use the epithet "best inhalers". The cost of compact Omron inhalers starts at $ 60. The famous compressor inhaler is the "Delphin" (Delphinus). It makes it possible to adjust the particle size of the aerosol. There is such an instrument from 80 dollars.


Ultrasonic inhalers are similar to the compressor way of delivering aerosol to the respiratory tract, but compared to them, they are almost noiseless. With the help of ultrasonic vibrations, the device sprays the drug onto the smallest particles, up to 5 microns. Ultrasonic inhalers for children from cough and cold are an effective method of treatment. The child can breathe both the mouth and nose. When choosing an ultrasonic inhaler, attention should be paid to a characteristic such as the dispersion, i.e., the particle size of the sprayed drug.

Penetrate into the bronchi can particles of matter with a diameter of only 5-10 microns. And if the instruction says that the device generates larger particles, it is better to abandon the purchase. The device, in which the characteristic of a large dispersion of aerosol particles, may be of poor quality, especially inexpensive. The cost of an ultrasonic inhaler starts at $ 45. Famous manufacturers: Omron, AND, Beurer. How to choose an inhaler, tell the pharmacist in the pharmacy.

Which is better: an inhaler or a nebulizer

Any device for inhalation is sometimes called a nebulizer, then an inhaler. The word nebulizer comes from "nebula which in translation means "cloud, fog". This name means that the liquid medicine is transferred to an aerosol cloud. And "Inhalo" in Latin is "I breathe in". Nebulizers are a narrower version of inhalers. Steam does not belong to them, because it does not allow changing the particle size. The best nebulizers allow you to change the mode of aerosol delivery.

What to choose for a child from coughing

When you cough, you can use both a steam inhaler and a nebulizer. A steam inhaler will help when the child has a dry cough, with diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Steam inhalations, done correctly, contribute to liquefaction and easier sputum discharge. This method is not suitable for young children. An ultrasonic or compressor nebulizer is safe to use, even if the baby is nursing. They are irreplaceable in the treatment of the lower respiratory tract, and if the child is suffering from a wet cough.

How to use an inhaler at home

The use of the device involves the implementation of several rules. Carry out the procedure in an hour and a half after eating. Repeat two to three times a day. Before the procedure, it is necessary to clean the nose well to release the airways, and to facilitate access to the aerosol to the destination. Do not use the inhaler if there are contraindications:

  • elevated temperature, more than 3, degrees;
  • from the nose there is blood, and there is a tendency to bleeding in general;
  • The allergy to a medicine for inhalations on which the prescription is written out is found out;
  • there are serious diseases of the cardiovascular system.

What medicine should I take

The medicinal preparation to be used is prescribed by a doctor. The usual dosage for children is 2 ml of the solution. In addition to medicines, children need saline for inhalations. They plant a remedy in the ratio:. With a dry, barking cough, it is necessary to use ambroben, lazolvan and ambrohexal, the active substance in them is ambroxol. Berodual is used to expand the bronchi. Its dosage determines the age of the child, the year-old is supposed to mix 6 drops of the drug with 2 ml of saline. Children from three years to fill 8 drops.

With laryngitis, stenosis, pharyngitis, rhinitis and false croup helps naftizine. Procedures with it are also carried out on saline, in the ratio:. A proven agent for alleviating the course of colds is inhalation with a mineral water for children. The gas from it must be released. The recommended mineral water is Borjomi. Pour 3-5 ml of liquid into the nebulizer for children.

For steam inhalations often used chamomile, herbal decoction. It helps with a cold, such procedures are useful for tonsillitis, influenza, tracheitis and bronchitis. Other herbs that help in the treatment of colds include thyme, coltsfoot and sage. Effective steam inhalations with essential oils of menthol, eucalyptus, geranium and juniper. 3-5 drops of oil are placed in saline solution. To small children such inhalations are forbidden. In an ultrasonic nebulizer, you can not pour oil.

How much to breathe

Inhalation during coughing in children can last 1-3 minutes. If a steam inhaler is used, it is important to ensure that the steam does not come in contact with the skin of the face. Breathing with steam inhalation should be carefully, a sharp breath can lead to a burn of the respiratory tract, so pediatricians prohibit such a procedure for babies. After inhaling the drug cloud, it is recommended to hold your breath for one or two seconds, to ease the cough, then exhale.

Video about children's inhalers

Before buying and using the inhaler, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the video, which offers visual answers to most of the parental questions. You will see how the noisy compressor inhalers perceive very young children, how comfortable they feel in the mask. Hear the useful advice of a well-known pediatrician - Dr. Komarovsky on what to do with inhalations, learn how to help a child stop being afraid of a nebulizer.

Nebulizers for children

With what to do inhalations

If the child is afraid of the procedure

Reviews about inhalers

Larisa, 32 years old: I am a mother of two children, a younger (3 years) often has a cough, colds are constantly turning into bronchitis. Bought a compressor nebulizer "Steam Engine I thought that I would have to keep the baby, but he happily transfers the procedures, and does not even want to finish. The effect is visible after one day of inhalation, we spend two: in the morning and one hour after lunch.

Svetlana, 25 years old: Daughter went to the kindergarten this autumn and became more often sick with ARVI. On the advice of a friend bought a nebulizer, I spend the procedure with mineral water "Borjomi helps quickly, we are much less likely to sit on a sick leave. We bought an ultrasonic nebulizer Omron in the pharmacy. Doing inhalations with the whole family is very convenient. The kit of the nebulizer includes masks for adults and for children.

What inhalations for a cold can be done with a nebulizer for children: recipes

Treatment of runny nose in children causes conflicting opinions. Someone is waiting for him to pass by himself, while others are using strong drops, hoping that they will help faster. It is difficult to judge their safety. Rhinitis is dangerous because it blocks air access, and a child with a stuffy nose can experience attacks of suffocation. Recently, more and more parents are acquiring nebulizers - inhalers. Procedures with them are able in the shortest time to save the baby from the cold. Inhalations with a cold in the nebulizer recipes for children are always available, and the most basic ones can be found from the article

How to treat

Before using this device, the child should first explain the procedure. After all, the appearance of the mask can frighten the child, and he will not want to put it on himself. The effectiveness of inhalation nebulizer for rhinitis will depend on the correctness of the exercise, so you need to follow several tips:

  • Do not perform the procedure immediately after the child receives food.It is necessary to wait at least an hour;
  • If the baby has a high fever, then inhalation is prohibited. It is better to wait until it goes down, and then you can use the nebulizer;
  • it is necessary to explain to the crumb that it must breathe through the nose, and exhale through the mouth, while between them it is necessary to hold their breath for a few seconds;
  • Use oil formulations in such an inhaler can not.They can cause pneumonia and complications. And also lead to a breakdown of the device;
  • During inhalation, make sure that the baby is not distracted and does not talk;
  • It is forbidden to use herbal decoctions, this does not apply to infusions of herbs, since they do not contain particles that can damage the apparatus;
  • if the purchased product for the procedure has age limits, then before using it, consult a pediatrician.

In order for the child to get comfortable with the nebulizer, show its effect on his example. Demonstrate how to wear and properly breathe out. Let the kid press on the buttons of the device and hold the handset in his hands.

After that, he will necessarily want to try it on himself. The procedure for young children should not exceed 10 minutes. Do not make the child sit all the time, if he does not want to, then let the inhalations be short, then they should be carried out more often. Try to do them before bedtime, this is the most optimal time for effective treatment.

The video tells what to do inhalation for a cold with a nebulizer to a child:


How to breathe through a nebulizer with a cold? The content and proportions of the formulations for inhalation are prescribed by the pediatrician. He also indicates the number of doses and dosages. Below are the most popular formulations that can quickly act on the disease.

Recipe # 1

The simplest and most applicable is the use of a saline solution. Most often it is used,% salt composition. And sometimes you can use the mineral alkaline water "Narzan" and "Borjomi". Before it is poured into the nebulizer, the remedy should be slightly warmed first. Breathing it, the child's spout will be cleaned of unwanted crusts that have grown on its internal surfaces. And also its use to reduce the feeling of dryness in the nose and improve the departure of mucus.

Many drugs for use in the nebulizer are diluted with a physiological solution. In this case, a certain ratio of him and the drug is maintained.After preparation, such formulations should be stored in the refrigerator, but not more than 24 hours.Before use, they must be heated to room temperature. If during the treatment the pediatrician prescribed several medications and told them the sequence of application, then it is necessary to observe this clearly.

Learn how to get rid of an allergic cough in a child.

Read, at what cough to take syrup Erespal.

Traditional methods of treatment of tonsillitis:

Recipe No. 2

For the treatment of serious diseases, the doctor will prescribe inhalations with medications, such as Ambrobene or Lazolvan for inhalations. These medications for inhalations with a nebulizer in the common cold combine one active substance - ambroxol. They help to remove viscous sputum from a child's body. Preparation of the solution consists in mixing the drug with saline solution in the ratio:. Apply them only five days. The dosage for children is as follows:

  • to children under 2 years - 1 ml of the composition;
  • over two and up to 6 - 2 ml;
  • children over the age of six - 2 - 3 ml.

The procedure should be done twice a day. Such drugs can not be used together with antitussives.

The video tells about how to do Lazolvanom inhalations for a child's cold:

Recipe # 3

Tincture of propolis can remove inflammatory processes. To prepare the composition for inhalation, take 1 ml of the drug and dilute in 20 ml of saline. For inhalation, 2 ml of the formulation obtained is used. The procedure must be repeated three times a day. This recipe can be used only for children who do not have allergies to beekeeping products.

Solutions for infants

A baby's nose may become a serious problem.If he has a stuffy nose, the child will be capricious and against this background, he will be knocked down by the regime of the day, he will sleep badly and his temperature may rise from his anxiety.Therefore, if special remedies for eliminating mucus from the spout do not help, inhalations should be used that will facilitate its breathing and relieve swelling.

It is formed as a result of the still not fully formed internal structure of the baby's nose. Its passageways are very narrow, and the mucous membranes are vulnerable. Therefore, with the disease of the runny nose, the first two days suffer from severe swelling. The nebulizer is able to cope with all these manifestations.

For babies up to a year you can apply all the same saline solution without diluting it. Solutions of soda and mineral water will also help. Their alkaline composition will facilitate the liquefaction of mucus and its rapid release to the outside.

Before using the inhaler, the child's movements should be cleaned with an aspirator.Inhalations for children help to eliminate a runny nose, especially if the composition to them was chosen correctly. And the treatment is started in a timely manner. But if the child does not have temperature, and the disease does not take place in an acute form. Aerosol from the nebulizer liquefies phlegm and helps it to get out faster. In addition, while doing so, it moistens the baby's mucous spout. Therefore, more and more parents prefer to treat the common cold in children with an inhaler, and not with medicines. For the treatment of rhinitis, pills from the common cold and nasal congestion, folk remedies are also used. Here, people's methods for cold and cold are described.


  • Tatiana, 32 years old:"We have a nebulizer settled two years ago. We used it for the first time in the winter, when the whole family fell ill. Naturally, it all started with children, and then my husband and I continued their relay race. I do not know how anyone, but even coughing does not irritate me so much as a cold. I can not walk long with a stuffy nose, so I always rub it and get redness and irritation. Children in this regard, I have more restrained. But I got rid of it for four days after using nebulizer with saline solution. And my whole family thanks to him came back to normal very quickly. "
  • Katerina, 25 years old: "This is an excellent device. I like it because it can be used even for infants. We bought it when our baby was seven months old. Probably she was frightened by his appearance, and she flatly refused to wear a mask. We could not persuade her in any way and eventually came up with the idea to use it while she was sleeping. The daughter in a dream, of course, breathed shallowly, but the action of the nebulizer became noticeable already on the third night. "
  • Nick, 36 years old: "My son had chronic laryngitis. We treated him with all known methods, but once started treatment now affects every year. Therefore, for prevention from his appearance, the pediatrician advised to purchase a nebulizer. We initially began to doubt its effectiveness, but now we constantly use it. My son breathes from time to time a composition of berodual and saline solution. And when I have a runny nose I apply the last component in its pure form. And he always helps us out. "

Inhalation by a nebulizer with a cold: prescription solutions

In the treatment of rhinitis, many physiological procedures aimed at restoring the function of the nasopharynx are considered effective.

Inhalations of a nebulizer in the common cold are one of these physiotherapy procedures, widely used in the treatment of diseases in children and adults.

What are the types of nebulizers?

A nebulizer with a cold in children can be used immediately after the birth of a child, but it can only be done by the appointment of a specialist. The nebulizer is a special medical device intended for inhalation. Usually the procedure is carried out in a medical institution, but if there is such a device at home, you can treat the rhinitis yourself.

The principle of the procedure is that, during the use of the device, it sprays the fine disperse particles of the medicinal solutions used, which enter the respiratory tract. The advantage of treating rhinitis with this method is that the dispersed particles of medications penetrate the respiratory tract much faster than with another type of therapy.

All nebulizers according to the principle of action are divided into several types:

  1. Compressor. They are quite large devices, consisting of a compressor and a camera. These two elements are connected together by an air pipe. Spraying of medicinal particles in nebulizers of this type is due to the "breaking" of the drug with a powerful jet of air. The disadvantage of such devices is their noisy work, so the use in the treatment of young children often becomes impossible.
  2. Ultrasound. When using this kind of apparatus for inhalation, the drug is converted into an aerosol by the action of ultrasonic waves. Such devices are compact and noiseless, but have one important drawback - under the influence of ultrasound, some molecular compounds can be destroyed. Ultrasonic devices can not be used in the treatment of the common cold with antibiotics and mucolytics by inhalation.
  3. Mesh-nebulizer. Modern devices, in which the drug is transformed into small particles, passing through a special membrane. This compact, convenient and silent devices, which are much more expensive than previous models.

Using such modern devices for the procedure, you should know the rule: you can not use recipes for a nebulizer with a cold with essential oils. Adult and small patients can not breathe oils with such a device, since the small particles of this agent can clog the small lumens of the bronchi and cause oil pneumonia.

It is recommended to choose a compressor nebulizer for inhalations in the common cold in children, because they are intended for patients of the youngest age. In the kit to the device there are several masks of different sizes for a more convenient procedure. The use of this mask makes it possible to penetrate the medicine directly into the respiratory system without being dispersed in the air.

What can you do inhalation for a cold with a nebulizer to a child?

It is important to know what to do inhalations in a cold with a nebulizer, so that the procedure will bring a positive result - improve the patient's well-being and speed up the healing process. First of all, it should be understood that different types of medicines are intended for each type of device.

Most often, specialists are appointed such solutions for a nebulizer with a cold:

  1. Mucolytics. It can be used for carrying out the procedure with the use of a compressor and a mesh nebulizer. To this group of solutions for inhalations a nebulizer with a common cold belongs to acetylcysteine, lazolvan, mukonist.
  2. Alkaline compresses. When using alkaline solutions for the treatment of rhinitis, all types of nebulizers can be used. These are drugs like sodium chloride and sodium bicarbonate.
  3. Antibacterial solutions. Medications for a nebulizer with a cold caused by bacteria belong to the group of antibacterial drugs. This is furatsilin, dioxidin, malavit, they can be used for compressor and mesh-nebulizer.
  4. Bronchodilator. Are intended for carrying out of procedure at use of any kind of the device. Among these medications for inhalation, the nebulizer for the common cold is berodual, salbutamol, berotek and atrovent.
  5. Glucocorticosteroids. The drugs are used in any of the three types of apparatus for carrying out the procedure. More often than not, specialists prescribe such a glucocorticosteroid as hydrocortisone.

Regardless of the chosen drug for safe and effective procedure, it is important to comply with the temperature values ​​of solutions for inhalation. The temperature of the agent should not be below 20 degrees.

What medications are suitable for inhalation in the cold with a nebulizer?

To treat acute and chronic nasopharyngeal diseases, many inhalation prescriptions are used with a nebulizer for rhinitis aimed at restoring the mucous membrane. When composing prescriptions for inhalations by a nebulizer in case of a runny nose to a child, the age of a small patient must be taken into account by a specialist.

What kind of medication for a nebulizer for a cold is better to use, the expert will say. In each case, the otolaryngologist appoints different drugs, because their choice depends on the type of rhinitis, the features of its course and the age of the patient.

In most cases, these medications are prescribed for inhalations with a cold:

  1. Interferon. The drug is prescribed for viral infectious diseases of the nasopharynx in children and adults. For the procedure, the contents of one ampoule of interferon must be diluted in 3 ml of saline. After this, the agent should be placed in the drug reservoir, the procedure should be performed 2 times a day.
  2. Tonsilong. The drug is diluted 1: 1 physiological saline in the treatment of adults and children older than 7 years. For children 1-7 years, the solution is diluted in a ratio of 1: 2, for patients up to 1 year old, 1: 3. In one procedure, it is necessary to use up to 4 ml of medication, to carry out inhalation up to two times a day.
  3. Furacilin. The procedure with this solution is performed in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, when the runny nose is one of the symptoms of the disease.
  4. Chlorophyllipt. For the procedure, the drug is diluted with physiological saline in a ratio of 1: 10. For one inhalation, 3 ml of diluted solution is required, up to three procedures are recommended per day.
  5. Tincture of calendula. Alcohol tincture is diluted with physiological solution 1: 40, in one procedure up to 4 ml of the drug is used. In acute inflammation of the nose and sinuses of the nasopharynx, it is necessary to perform inhalations three times a day.
  6. Spirituous tincture of propolis. Bought in the pharmacy tincture must be diluted with saline 1: 20. It is not recommended to apply the solution with a tendency to allergic reactions.

Inhalation with a cold with a nebulizer with saline and mineral water

Often, inhalations are also prescribed for the common cold with a nebulizer, although they are effective only if necessary to moisturize the nasal mucosa. Such procedures are advisable to carry out at an early stage of development of rhinitis. Instead of saline solution, alkaline mineral water can be used, for example, Borjomi, Essentuki, Luzhanskaya.

If you use these alkaline solutions for inhalations from the common cold with a nebulizer to children and adults, you can achieve this therapeutic effect:

  • deeply clean the nasal cavity of the patient from pathogenic microorganisms - viruses and bacteria, which caused the disease;
  • make the liquid that has accumulated in the nose more liquid;
  • prevent stagnation of mucus in the nasal sinuses;
  • quickly reduce the swelling of the nasal mucosa;
  • prevent the development of complications of prolonged rhinitis - purulent otitis and sinusitis.

If you know what to do inhalation for a cold to a child and an adult, you can get rid of rhinitis in a few days. What can you do inhalation for a cold with a nebulizer, if there are no special solutions? You can also carry out the procedure with ready-made medicines intended for irrigation or instillation of the nasal cavity. For example, nasal drops Naphthyzine can be diluted in saline and inhaled twice a day, using the drug at the age-appropriate dosage indicated in the instructions.

If the patient is concerned with purulent rhinitis, in which a secret of yellow or green is secreted from the nasal cavity, an antibacterial preparation called Isofra or Bioparox can be used. In this way, combined agents can be used, among which the vasoconstrictive Polidex antibiotic is effective. With a tendency to frequent rhinitis, inhalations can be prescribed to increase local immunity with the use of Laferobion.

Rules of inhalation with drugs for nebulizer with a cold

In order for the treatment to be effective, it is important to know which inhalations in the cold can be done by a nebulizer based on the type of disease.

However, therapy should still be as safe as possible, and for this you should familiarize yourself with the rules for inhalation with a nebulizer:

  1. Therapy can not be done immediately after meals or before it, between treatment and food intake should pass half an hour.
  2. During inhalation, you can not talk.
  3. With elevated body temperature, this method of treating rhinitis is contraindicated.
  4. During the session, the patient should be in a sitting position.
  5. When treating a cold, you need to inhale through the nose, and exhale through the mouth.
  6. The duration of one procedure on average is 10-15 minutes, depending on what inhalations to do with a cold in the nebulizer.
  7. After the procedure with the use of hormonal or antibacterial drugs, the mouth should be rinsed with water.
  8. To completely cure a runny nose, it is usually enough to hold 5-10 sessions.

What inhalations can be done by a nebulizer in a cold can only be determined by a doctor based on the diagnosis. Also, the specialist determines the dosage of the drug and the number of sessions of this treatment procedure.

Features of using nebulizer in the treatment of cough

The effectiveness of such a procedure as inhalation in the treatment of colds and influenza is undeniable. Modern special devices - inhalers or nebulizers, greatly facilitated the implementation of such a procedure. Inhalation with a cough nebulizer can be done independently at home, both for adults and for children.

A fairly quick healing effect is due to the mechanism of the nebulizer. It consists in the following: the medicine is added to the nebulizer, mixing with saline solution, it turns into an aerosol, which is then inhaled through the upper respiratory tract. The process of inhalation depends on the type of nebulizer: if it is equipped with a tube, the medicine is inhaled through the mouth, if there is a mask, then through the nose.

Sometimes, as a prophylaxis of cold and flu, the nebulizer works in the room, releasing the aerosol into the air. The main advantage of a nebulizer with a cough is the ability to deliver the medicine directly to the focus of inflammation, thereby accelerating its therapeutic effect.

Types of devices

Traditionally, nebulizers are divided into two types:

  • compression;
  • ultrasound.

In compression devices, the conversion of the drug into an aerosol occurs due to air flows. They produce small particles of aerosol that are able to penetrate deep into the respiratory tract. The advantage of compression nebulizers in the universality of the use of a variety of drugs. There are also disadvantages: compression nebulizers are large and noisy during operation.

In apparatuses of ultrasonic type, an aerosol is formed due to the action of ultrasonic vibration on the liquid. Sufficiently fine aerosol particles are also formed in it. The disadvantage of ultrasound devices is the limited use of certain drugs: hormones and antibiotics, which are destroyed by ultrasound. Unlike compression nebulizers, ultrasonic devices have small dimensions and work absolutely silently.

How to use the device when coughing?

Most often, the nebulizer is used with a dry cough or with a cold. When inhaling during the treatment of cough apply various medications, which primarily depends on the type of cough.

It is important to note immediately that the use of any medicine should be agreed with the attending physician.

Despite treatment at home, you still use the medicine, and when you inhale the vapor, its speed of advance to the focus of inflammation higher, since the drug passes the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys and is not absorbed into the blood, but immediately enters the respiratory ways. So, and the possible side effect when applying the "wrong" drug will manifest faster and stronger.
When self-preparing a solution for inhalation nebulizer with cough, it is important to know that You can not use a variety of herbal decoctions, syrups or oils - all this can lead the device out of the building.

The drug against cough, dry or wet, which the doctor prescribed, must be diluted with saline solution. The correct ratio is indicated in the instructions of all medications, and also depends on the disease.

Treatment for wet cough

Such drugs as Lazolvan, Ambrobene, Pulmozim dilute sputum, due to which it is better coughing up

When wet coughing is required, the process of liquefaction and excretion of sputum from the bronchi is relieved, so mucolytic and expectorant drugs are used:

  • fluimucil- antibiotic, which has mucolytic effect, dilutes viscous sputum, increases its volume and facilitates separation;
  • laziness- a popular mucolytic that helps in liquefaction and excretion of phlegm, is very often used in the treatment of cough in children, including the smallest children under 2 years old;
  • ambriform- mucolytic, which has a bronchosecretolitic and expectorant effect;
  • pulmosim- a mucolytic agent that facilitates breathing when coughing.

In addition to medications, it is useful to inhale a nebulizer from a cough using slightly alkaline mineral waters - "Borjomi "Narzan "Essentuki which moisturize the mucous membranes respiratory tract.

Treatment of dry cough

Inhalations with a nebulizer with a dry cough soften the upper respiratory tract, in the first place - the throat, which inevitably suffers with severe coughing attacks. Usually in the treatment of dry cough apply drugs that dilate the bronchi - bronchodilators:
  • Berodual- The drug, which is considered the most effective of bronchodilators, and also has no side effects, is suitable for children from 6 years of age.
  • Berotek- effectively fights with attacks of suffocation with dry cough, as well as attacks of bronchial asthma.
  • Salbutamol- a means, greatly expanding the bronchi, is mainly prescribed for bronchitis.

With a dry cough usually there is a strong inflammatory process due to the fact that bacteria and microbes do not leave the body due to lack of sputum and destroy the cells. Therefore, in the absence of sputum, it is important to adhere to cough treatment with a nebulizer, by inhaling lidocaine, which has an anesthetic effect.

To soften the process of inflammation will help inhalation with a dry cough nebulizer on the basis of saline. The temperature of the aerosol should be low, so as not to irritate the damaged throat.

Inhalation nebulizer in inflammatory processes

Any kind of cough is always accompanied by inflammatory processes. In the fight against them apply special drugs:

  • rotocan- with inflammation of the upper and middle respiratory tract;
  • calendula- alcoholic infusion, used for acute inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract;
  • propolis- tincture, used for pain and respiratory tract trauma.

When several drugs are prescribed simultaneously, there is a strict sequence of their application. First of all, bronchodilators are used, after about 20-30 minutes it is allowed to do inhalation on the basis of mucolytics, and after another 30 minutes - antiseptics. Anti-inflammatory drugs are used last without interruption after the previous procedure.

Thus, the treatment of cough and other symptoms of colds, ARVI, bronchitis, asthma was facilitated with the advent of modern inhalers - nebulizers. Inhalation through a nebulizer with a cough allows for effective treatment of adults and children in a comfortable home environment.

Why you need an inhaler for cough and a cold, and how to choose it

Cough and runny nose are the constant companions of an acute respiratory viral infection. Treatment of acute respiratory infections is not limited only to drug exposure to disease pathogens - it is always includes methods of local therapy, removing external manifestations of the common cold and accompanying them discomfort. These methods include inhalation - the inhalation of an aerosol, enriched with special medicines or other useful substances. For their implementation, inhalers are used, various models of which are widely represented in online stores and pharmacies. From this article you will learn about how they work and what to look for when choosing a device for home use.


The inhaler is an electrical device whose positive effects and safety have been proven for decades of use. He comes to the rescue not only with ARVI treatment, but also with chronic respiratory system ailments - obstructive bronchitis (read how treat obstructive bronchitis at home), bronchial asthma, chronic sinusitis (find out whether it is possible to treat chronic sinusitis without puncture). The device itself is quite primitive and consists of several parts:

  • the compressor;
  • air tube;
  • masks;
  • in the case of a nebulizer - a nebulizer camera.

Despite the fact that in the world therapeutic practice inhalers have been used for several decades, in our country they have appeared and began to gain popularity relatively recently. For this reason, many of our compatriots do not fully understand the difference between the device of different types of devices.

The video tells what the inhaler consists of from a cough and a cold:


There are several types of devices designed for home use:

  1. Steam- the simplest inhalers, acting on the principle of evaporation of drugs. The essence of the procedure from childhood is familiar to all of us - in the absence of special devices before it was conducted, bending his face over the container with hot water and covering his head with a towel. The method has certain advantages - it helps to soften the cough, to achieve liquefaction of phlegm, warms the nasopharynx.At the same time, it has a number of drawbacks - treatment with hot steam is contraindicated at body temperature, exceeding 3, ºC, there is a risk of getting a mucous burn, not the most pleasant sensation of inhalation hot steam.In addition, the temperature at which evaporation occurs, creates a restriction for many drugs. We can not fail to mention such a lack of steam as its inability to penetrate deep enough, so the area of ​​exposure of the steam inhaler is limited to the upper layers of the respiratory system. In addition, the steam often leaves behind a feeling of dryness in the throat and nose. The apparatus mainly uses herbal infusions and essential oils, often contraindicated in the treatment of diseases such as asthma or allergic rhinitis. Here you can read about the treatment of allergic rhinitis folk remedies.
  2. Compressor(jet) inhalers or nebulizers. Unlike steam, the compressor does not have a thermal effect on the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, which reduces the risk of burns to zero. The purpose of its use is inhaling medicines to patients. This form of treatment is often the most acceptable, since it assumes high digestibility of the drug and no side effects.The merits of the compressor nebulizer include that it can use any form of medicinal substances: mineral water, saline solution, herbal infusions, essential oils, as well as special solutions for nebulizer therapy.Here it is described how to do inhalation with saline during coughing. Here you can read about the treatment of a cold with saline using a nebulizer. Also read what else you can add to the nebulizer with a cold. The aerosol cloud in these devices is formed by the operation of the compressor, so the device has a high noise level and large dimensions. Reviews about the compressor inhalers are predominantly positive and confirm their effectiveness. In the photo - compressor nebulizer:
  3. Ultrasoundinhalers or nebulizers have the same advantages as compressor ones, but to the list of their advantages is also the ability to create a large cloud of fine mist, for which inhalation is not necessary to wear mask. This is very important in the treatment of groups of patients, such as young children, people of advanced age, and people weakened by prolonged illnesses. In an ultrasonic inhaler, the aerosol is formed by vibrating the radiator plate, so that the size of the particles produced is extremely small. This advantage gives them the opportunity to penetrate into the deep and remote regions of the bronchi and lungs, bringing to them so necessary for the speedy cure of the substance. Ultrasonic nebulizers are quiet, small, adapted for convenient transportation. The patients' feedback indicates that this is the optimal and effective type of nebulizer, suitable for both adults and children.
  4. Mesh-nebulizersorelectron-mesh inhalers. The most modern version of the device, functioning at the expense of low frequencies. Features of these devices allow using them for inhaling hormonal and antibacterial drugs, mucolytics. The ES-inhaler allows the spraying of substances noiselessly and quickly, while ensuring the high dispersity of the therapeutic fog.

The advantage of nebulizers in front of a steam inhaler is the speed of exposure: in a matter of minutes they are able to saturate the patient's body with the required amount of the drug.If we compare this method of exposure with more traditional methods - syrups, tablets, injections, then it ensures the absence of negative consequences and repeatedly reduces the possibility of an overdose.

How to choose

According to reviews, when choosing a device for home use, the goal for which it is purchased is of primary importance. If this is a recurrent use in ARVI, as well as treatment of an ordinary cough and a cold, then you can stop at an inexpensive compressor nebulizer.The availability and efficiency of this type of instrument makes them the most popular among the family of inhalers.

The video tells how to choose an inhaler from a cough and a cold:

If there is a question of purchasing a suitable nebulizer for children from cough and cold, then it is better not to save and think about buying an ultrasound or ES-inhaler. Their design features allow you to do without the use of masks, to which the kids often treat extremely negatively. After two or three attempts to hoist on the child a crying and crying mask of the compressor nebulizer many parents return to the issue of buying more modern, albeit more expensive children's models. Noiselessness of the device can be appreciated at its true value during day and night sleep of the baby, and its portability allows to take the device in travel and on a summer residence.

For the treatment of an adult with bronchial asthma, doctors recommend stopping at the compressor and ES-inhaler.

Prices for inhalers in Russian online stores

Model nameA typePrice
B.Well WN-117compressor2410-3360 р.
B.Well WN-118 Miracle Couplesteam2370-2990 p.
Dr. Frei NE-SM 1mesh-inhaler2876-3710 p.
Microlife NEB 100Vcompressor1547-2220 р.
Omron NE-C801compressor1100-1720 r.
Omron NE-U17ultrasonic56285-58000 р.

How to use

The use of the inhaler implies strict adherence to the instruction, which describes all the features of the model. Nevertheless, there are general rules, the unswerving observance of which ensures the safety and effectiveness of treatment, and also extends the service life of the device:

  • It is not recommended to use in the inhaler essential oils, herbal infusions, mineral water, if it is not provided by the instruction;
  • You can not turn on the device with an empty drug chamber;
  • after carrying out the manipulation it is necessary to wash the device and boil those parts of it that are capable of withstanding this procedure (information to look in the instruction);
  • in the case of a steam inhaler, it is necessary to check the temperature of the steam on the hand, even if the device has built-in regulation;
  • it is important to strictly observe the dosage of the solution for nebulizer therapy.

Here you can read what can be poured into the nebulizer for the treatment of the common cold.

On the video - tells how to use the inhaler from a cough and a cold:

Numerous reviews of the devices confirm that a person who at least once tried to be treated inhaler, quickly feels the effectiveness of the procedure and subsequently always tries to resort to this method of treatment. The link details the inhalation of a nebulizer with laryngitis in children. Also read about inhalations when barking cough in children.

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